The Periodic Table

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1

Actinides

The second series of inner transition elements which goes from thorium to lawrencium.

2

Alkali Metals

Elements in group 1 of the periodic table.

3

Alkaline Earth Metals

Elements in group 2 of the periodic table.

4

Catalyst

Substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but is not used up itself or permanently changed.

5

Group

Family of elements in the periodic table that have similar physical or chemical properties.

6

Halogens

Any element in group 17 of the periodic table.

7

Lanthanides

The first series of inner transition elements which goes from cerium to lutetium.

8

Metal

Element that has luster, is malleable, ductile, and a good conductor of heat and electricity.

9

Metalloid

Element that shares some properties with both metals and nonmetals.

10

Noble Gases

Elements in group 18 of the periodic table.

11

Nonmetal

Element that is usually a gas or brittle solid at room temperature and is a poor conductor of heat and electricity.

12

Period

Horizontal row of elements in the periodic table whose properties change gradually and predictably; third-longest division of geologic time; is subdivided into epochs and is characterized by the types of life that existed worldwide.

13

Representative Element

Elements in groups 1 and 2 and 13-18 in the periodic table that include metals, metalloids, and nonmetals.

14

Semiconductor

Element that does not conduct electricity as well as well as a metal but conducts it better that a nonmetal.

15

Synthetic Elements

All other actinides are synthetic elements. Synthetic metals are made in laboratories and nuclear reactors.

16

Transition Elements

Elements in groups 3-12 in the periodic table, all of which are metals.


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