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Plant Cell Organelles

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created 7 years ago by Muhammad10N
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updated 7 years ago by Muhammad10N

Grade levels:
10th grade

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1

Cell Wall

Outer Layer, strong, rigid, stiff and made of cellulose.
Its function to support (grow tall, protection, allows water, oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass into and out of cell).

2

Cell Membrane

Inside cell wall, selectively permeable.
Its function to support, protection, controls movement of the materials in/out of cell, barrier between cell and its environment, maintains homeostasis.

3

Nucleus

Large, Oval.
Its function controls cell activities.

4

Nucleolus

Spherical shape within nucleus.
Its function, contains RNA for protein manufacture.

5

Nuclear membrane

Surronds nucleus, selectively permeable.
Its function, controls movement of materials in/out of nucleus.

6

Cytoplasm

Clear, thick, jelly-like material and organelles found inside cell membrane.
Its function, supports/protects cell organelles.

7

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Network of tubes or membranes.
Its function carries materials through cell.

8

Ribosome

Small Bodies, free or attached to ER.
Its function produces proteins.

9

Mitochondrion

Bean-shaped with inner membranes.
Its function breaks down sugar molecules into energy.

10

Vacuole (Vehicle)

Fluid/filled sacs.
Its function, store food, water, waste (plants need to store large amounts of food).

11

Chloroplast

Green, oval usually containing chlorophyll (green pigment).
Its function, uses energy from sun to make food for the plant, photosynthesis.

12

Amyloplast

Found in starchy plants like tubers and fruits.
Its function to store starch.

13

Golgi Body

Flattened, layered, sac-like organelle looks like stacked pancakes near nucleus.
Its function packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles for "export" from the cell.


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