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Conjugation Notecards

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created 5 years ago by daliahgirl

updated 5 years ago by daliahgirl

Grade levels:
9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade

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regular present subjunctive conjugation

Start with the yo form of the present indicative.
Then drop the -o ending.
Finally, add the following endings:
e, es, e, emos, éis, en
er, ir-
a, as, a, amos, áis, an


conjugate poder:
present subjunctive

pude, pudiste, pudo, pudimos, pudisteis, pudieron
present subjunctive-
pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidáis, pidan


conjugate pedir:
present subjunctive

pedí, pediste, pedió, pedimos, pedisteís


conjugate dar:
present subjunctive

di, diste, dio, dimos, disteis, dieron
present subjunctive-
dé, des, dé, demos, déis, den


conjugate haber:
present subjunctive

hube, hubiste, hubo, hubimos, hubisteis, hubieron
present subjunctive-
haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan


conjugate ir:
present subjunctive

fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron
present subjunctive-
vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan


conjugate estar:
present subjunctive

estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvisteis, estuvieron
present subjunctive-
esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén


conjugate ser:
present subjunctive

fui, fuiste, fue,fuimos, fuisteis,fueron
present subjunctive-
sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean


conjugate saber:
present subjunctive

supe, supo, supiste, supimos, supiesteis, supieron
present subjunctive-
sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, speáis, sepan


use por is certain espressions ()

por ejemplo
por eso (tanto) (so)
por la (mañana, tarde, noche)
por lo general
por primera (segundom tercera, última) vez
por supuesto (of course)


preterit irregular song

tener es tuve; estar estuve
ir es fui y también ser
poner es puse; poder es pude
traje es para traer

hacer hice; haber hube;
saber supe; querer quise;
decir dije; venir vine;
ver vi; dar di;
no acentos


nosotros mandatos for verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar
criticar (to criticize)
pagar (to pay)
empezar (to start)

critiquemos (let's criticize)
paguemos (let's pay)
empecemos (let's start)


stem changing nosotros mandatos
pedir (to ask for)
dormir (to sleep)

pidamos (let's ask for)
durmamos (let's sleep)
all ir verbs change:
o to u
e to i


reflexive and reciprocal pronouns in nosotros mandatos

drop final s at end of command
add the correct pronoun


regular nosotros mandatos
olvidar (to forget)
pensar(to think)
reconocer (to accept)

olvidemos (let's forget)
pensemos(let's think)
reconozcamos (let's accept)
another way to express nosotros mandatos is the use of vamos+a+infinitive


preterit conjugation

ar verbs:
é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron
er,ir verbs:
í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron
most irregular verbs:
e, aste, o, imos, isteis, ieron
car-que, gar-gue, zar-ce


when to use subjunctive? (2)
when no to use? (1)

-following verbs indicating suggestions, desire, or demands
-after verbs and impersonal phrases indicating emotion
-when the sentence has only 1 subject we usually use the infinitive instead of the subjunctive


por vs. para
-uses for por
uses or parar

por is used to indicate:
-a length of time or distance (por dos horas, por tres millas)
-where an action takes place (ellos pelean por la biblioteca)
-an exchange (yo doy mi dinero por la camiseta)
- a sibstitution or replacement
-a reason or motive (me enoja por mi maestro)
-an action on behalf of someone (yo pago por mi amiga)
-a means of communication or transportation (yo voy por un avion)
para is used to indicate:
-purpose (conto para ester alegra)
-an opinion
-destination (yo voy para la cuidad)
-dealine or point in time (para los dos de la tarde)
-use (nos abrazamos para estar alegros)
-opinion (para ella es vanidosa)


possesive pronouns

mine: el mío, la mía, los míos, las mías
yours: el tuyom la tuya, los tuyos, las tuyas
theirs: el suyo, la suya, los suyos, las suyas
yours (plural): el vuestro, la vuestra, los vuestros, las vuestras


don't these are subjunctive too

me, te...gusta que
es bueno que
es malo que
es una lástima que


verbs that change when they are reflexive

ir-to go, ire-to leave
quedar-to be located, quedarse-to stay in a place
quitar-to take away, quitarse-to take off (clothing)
perder-to lose, perderse-to get lost
dormir-to sleep, dormirse-to fall asleep
volver-to return, volverse-to becomr ______ (adj.)


flip-flp preterit verbs

pedí,pediste, pidió, pedimos, pedisteis, pídieron
dormí, dormiste, durmió, dormimos, dormisteis, durmieron


reflexive pronouns in reciprocal actions

verbs can be conjugated with reflexive pronouns in the ellos/ellas./UDS. and nosotros forms to express things that people do to or for each other
*only used if both parties are doing the same thing to or for each other, not used if someone is just doing something to someone else


when is the presente perfecto tense used?

to talk about what someone has done in the in the past without necessarily telling the time when they did it
ex: yo he trabajado en una tienda de bicicletas= I have worked at a bicycle store


how to conjugate for presente perfecto

-for ar verbs: add ado
-for ir, er verbs: add ido
in the front conjugate haber like so:
yo-he, tu-has, el;ella;ud-ha, nosotros-hemos, vosotros-habéis, ellos;ellas;uds-han


presente perfecto irregulares

decir: dicho hacer: hecho
poner: puesto ver: visto
escribir: escrito morir: muerto
abrir: abierto ser: sido
resolver: resuelto romper: roto
volver: vuelto


what happens to verbs that have a vowel before the ir or er in infinitive when they are conjugated for presente perfecto?

they are conjugate normally by replacing the end with ido, but the i is accented (í)
ex: leer= leído, oir= oído, sonreír= sonreído, and caer= caído


what is the simplest way to express future in Spanish

ex: Vamos a traducir el documento.


future tense:
what are the endings for ar, ir, and er verbs?
what can
what can future tense also be used to express?

-same for ar, ir, and er: for regular the ending are attached to the infinitive (é, ás, á, emos, éis, án)
-can be used to express uncertainty or probability about the present- ex: ¿Hará frío hoy?


irregular future tense verbs

tener:tendr- salir:saldr- venir:vendr-
poner:pondr- saber:sabr- decir:dir-
poder:podr- haber:habr- hacer:har-
querer: querr-
endings: (same as regular) -é, ás, á, emos, éis, án


indirect object pronouns:
direct object pronouns:

-me, te, le, nos, os, les
-me, te, se, nos, os, se

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