Anatomy Block III- Foot

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 5 years ago by aversaj
1,637 views
updated 5 years ago by aversaj
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

what is the plantar

part of foot contacting the ground

2

what is the dorsum

dorsal (superior) surface of the foot

3

what is the heel

sole of foot under calcaneous

4

what is the ball of the foot

some of foot under medial two metatarsals

5

what is the last part of the foot contacting the ground when walking

ball of the foot

6
card image

a to b. medial, intermediate, and lateral cuneiform bones
c. navicular bone
d. talus bone
e. calcaneus bone
f. cuboid bone
g. metatarsals
h. proximal, intermediate, distal phalanges

7
card image

a. metatarsals
b. medial cuneiform
c. navicular
d. talus
e. calcaneus
f. metatarsal
g. cuboid
h. talus
calcaneus

8

what are the orders of the toe numbers

1st toe big, great toe

toes 2-5, fifth toe is pinky toe

9

what are the general categories of bones of the foot

tarsals
metatarsals
phalanges
sesamoid bones

10

what are the tarsal bones

calcaneous
talus
navicular
cuboid
cuneiform (medial, intermediate, lateral)

11

what bones make up the hindfoot and midfoot

tarsals

12

what bones make up the ankle joints

tarsals

13

what bone forms large bony protrusion posteriorly

calcaneous

14

what does the calcaneal tendon attach to (tarsal bone)

calcaneous

15

what is the domed superior tarsal bone

talus

16

what bone wedges between tibia and fibula

talus

17

what tarsal makes up the large portion of the ankle joint

talus

18

what bone articulates with the talus

navicular

19

what tarsal is a crescent shaped bone

navicular

20

what bone is proximal to the cuneiform

navicular

21

what is the most lateral tarsal

cuboid

22

where is the cuneiform relative to the navicular

distal to the navicular

23

what are the different cuneiform bones

medial (first)
intermediate (second)
lateral (third)

24

how many metatarsals are there

five

25
card image

a. fibularis longus
b. tibialis posterior
- plantar calcaneonavicular ligament is ligament behind it
c. tibialis anterior
d. short plantar ligament
e. long plantar ligament
f. plantar aponeurosis
g. intrinsic plantar muscles
- flexor hallucis longus is muscle that wraps around ankle and goes to toe

26

what are the long boes that make up the arch/body of the foot

metatarsals

27

how many phalanges are tehre

14

two off big toe, three off each of the rest

28

what are the phalanges

proximal and distal of big toe

proximal intermediate distal off the rest of the toes 2-5

29

what are the two odd bones in the muscle tendon at the head of the first metatarsal on plantar surface

sesamoid bones

30

what bones are buried in tendons of flexor hallucis brevis tendons

sesamoid bones

31

what is the purpose of the sesamoid bones

general frictional forces and change up the angle that flexor hallucis brevis inserts on big toe, giving it more of a mechanical advantage

32

what is important about the foot's general role

major supportive structure that bears weight whenever we stand up or use locomotion

33

what is the support function of the foot based on

three arches

34

what do the arches of the foot do?

act as shock absorbers
help support/distribute body weight
protect BVs
propel body when moving

35

why do people with flat feet have problems

nerves and arteries bothered and pinched

36

what are the arches of the foot

medial longitudinal arch
lateral longitudinal arch
transverse arch

37

where is the medial longitudinal arch

runs on medial longitudinal border of the foot

38

which arch of the foot does not make a footprint

medial longitudinal arch

39

where is the lateral longitudinal arch

on lateral longitudinal border of the foot, not as high as medial longitudinal arch so it makes a footprint

40

where is the transverse arch of the foot

arrangement of the metatarsal bones themselves

41

how do the bones of the arch provide passive support

due to how they are shaped and interlock structurally

42

what are the layers of fibrous tissue that provide passive support to the arches of the feet

plantar aponeurosis
long plantar ligament
short plantar ligament
plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

43

what is the function of the plantar aponeurosis

protects underlying tendons, muscles, nerves, BVs
has arch support function

44

what is the plantar aponeurosis

thickened portion of plantar fascia

functions to provide firm attachment for skin and thus improve grip

45

where does plantar aponeurosis run

calcaneus to heads of metatarsals and base of proximal phalanx

46

where does the long plantar ligament run

from calcaneous to metatarsals

47

what arches does the long plantar ligament support

both longitudinal arches

48

what layer of the fibrous tissue runs deep to the long plantar ligament

short plantar ligament

49

what layer of fibrous tissue runs from the calcaneous to cuboid tarsal bones

short plantar ligaments

50

what is plantar fasciitis

inflammation of plantar fascia that makes weight bearing difficult

51

where does pain in plantar fasciitis usually originate

close to calcaneus

52

what can sometimes develop in plantar fasciitis

heel spur

53

how can plantar fasciitis be helped

exercise and stretching of gastroc and soleus

severe cases: corticosteroids but this can wear it away too so be careful

54

what layer of fibrous tissue provides the main support to the medial longitudinal arch

plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

55

which ligament is considered the spring ligament

plantar calcaneonavicular

56

which layer of fibrous tissue are stretched out over the course of the day

...

57

what provides dynamic support to the arch

intrinsice muscles
active contractions of muscles

58

which muscles actively contract to support the arch

tibialis anterior
fibularis longus

59

what is the function of the tibialis anterior relative to the dynamic support of the arch

supports medial longitudinal arch

60

what is the function of the fibularis longus relative to dynamic support of the arch

cuts across transverse arch and wraps under plantar aspect of foot and supports that transverse arch

61

what are two types of foot shapes

pes planus
pes cavus

62

what is pes planus

flat feet

63

is pes planus common?

yes, one reason that people are exempt from army

64

what are two types of pes planus

supple
rigid

65

what is supple pes planus like

when foot not weight bearing, their arch looks normal; when weight bearing it flattens out as passive and active supports give way

66

what is rigid pes planus due to

bone alignment fitting a certain way

67

what is pes cavus and what is it from

abnormally high arch

due to tight dynamic support

68

where do problems in the feet often manifest themselves

pain in other joints/muscles that usually do not bear stress

69

what do the muscles on the dorsum of the foot do

extend the toes

70

what are the muscles of the dorsum of the foot innervated by

deep fibular nerve

71

what artery supplies the dorsum of the foot

dorsalis pedis artery

72

what eventually becomes the dorsalis pedis artery

femoral to popliteal to anterior tibial to dorsalis pedis artery

73

what is the action of the extensor hallucis brevis

big toe extensor

74

what is the action of the extensor digitorum brevis

extensor of toes 2-5

75

what is an important division line on the plantar side of the foot

central axis of the foot, bisects 2nd toe and goes to calcaneus

76

what are two terminal branches of the tibial nerve

medial and lateral plantar nerve

77

what nerves supply the plantar side of the food

medial and lateral plantar nerves

78
card image

a. extensor digitorum brevis
b. extensor hallucis brevis

79

what is in the first (superficial) layer of muscles of the plantar side of the foot made of

two abductors and a flexor

80

what is included in the first layer of muscles on the plantar side of the foot

abductor hallucis
flexor digitorum brevis
abductor digiti minimi

81
card image

a. abductor digiti minimi
b. flexor digitorum brevis
c. abductor hallucis

82

what innervates the abductor hallucis

medial plantar nerve

83

what innnervates the flexor digitorum brevis

medial plantar nerve

84

what innervates the abductor digiti minimi

lateral plantar nerves

85

what is between the first and second layer of plantar muscles

plantar nerves and plantar BVs

86

what is within the second layer of plantar side foot muscles

two muscles, two tendons

87

what muscles are within the second layer of plantar side foot muscles

quadratus plantae
lumbricals

88
card image

a. lumbricals
b. quadratus plantae
c. tendon of flexor digitorum longus
d. tendon of flexor hallucis longus

89
card image

flexor digiti minimi (3rd layer, looks out of place)

90

what tendons are within the second layer of plantar side foot muscles

tendon of flexor hallucis longus
tendon for flexor digitorum longus

91

what innervates the quadratus plantae

LPN

92

what innervates the first lumbrical

MPN

93

what innervates the 2-5 lumbricals

LPN

94

what do the lumbricals do

flex proximal phalanges and extend intermediate and distal phalanges

95

where does the quadratus plantae run

from heel to tendons of flexor hallucis longus

96

what is interesting abuot quadratus plantae

only in lower limb because quadratus plantae pulls on toes so that they don't curl at an angle but straightforward

97

what do the lumbricals attach to

flexor digitorum tendons, run to digits

98

what do lumbricals mean

wormlike

99

where are the tendon of flexor hallucis longus and tendon of flexor digitorum longus from

from leg

100

what is in the third layer of plantar muscles of the foot

one adductor, two flexors

101

what are teh msucles in the third layer of plantar muscles in the foot

flexor hallucis brevis
adductor hallucis
flexor digiti minimi brevis

102
card image

a. transverse head of adductor hallucis
b. oblique head of adductor hallucis
c. flexor hallucis brevis

103

what is the role of the flexor hallucis brevis

flexes proximal phalanx of first toe

104

what is the action of the adductor hallucis

active during pushoff phase of gait

pulls toes 2-5 and holds transverse arch stable

105

where does the flexor hallucis brevis insert

two sesamoid bones

106

what innervates the flexor hallucis brevis

MPN

107

what is interesting about the adductor hallucis

has two muscle heads, looks like a 7

108

what innervates the adductor hallucis

LPN

109

what innervates the flexor digiti minimi brevis

LPN

110

what is included in the fourth layer of the plantar side of the foot

many short muscles and two tendons

111
card image

a. plantar interossei
b. dorsal interossei

112

what is the action of the plantar interossei

adduction of toes

113

how many plantar interossei are there

3

114

are the plantar interossei unipennate or dipennate

unipennate

115

whta is the actin of the dorsal interossei

abduction of toes

116

how many dorsal interossei are tehre

4

117

are dorsal interossei unipennate or dipennate

bipennate

118

what are the short muscles that run in between the metatarsals

interossei

119

how many plantar interossei are there

three

120

how mnay dorsal interossei are there

four

121

what are the two tendons of fourth layer of the plantar side of the foot

tendon of fibularis longus

tendon of tibialis posterior

122

what are the muscles that are in the fourth layer of the plantar side of the foot

plantar and dorsal interossei

123

what artery supplies the dorsum of the foot

dorsalis pedis artery

124

what areter does the dorsalis pedis artery give off distally

arcuate artery

125

what does the dorsalis pedis artery come off of

anterior tibial artery

126

what comes off the arcuate artery

deep plantar artery that passes to plantar aspect of foot and small digital branches

127
card image

a. deep plantar artery
b. dorsalis pedis artery
c. anterior tibial artery

128

what is the path of the deep plantar artery

goes between toes 1 and 2

129

where is the dorsalis pedis artery from

anterior tibial artery

130

what is the course of the dorsalis pedis artery

sends branch to plantar side of foot, anastamoses with some plantar BVs and terminates between first and second toe

131

where is the palpable dorsalis pedis pulse

distal to extensor retinaculum and just laeral to tendon for extensor hallucis longus

132

what is the dorsalis pedis artery checked for

arterial insufficiency

133

how much of the populatin have a weak or absent dorsalis pedis artery

10%

134

what is the smaller branch of the posterior tibial artery

medial plantar artery

135

what does the medial plantar artery supply

medial plantar side of foot

136

what is the larger branch of the posterior tibial artery

lateral plantar artery

137
card image

a. deep plantar artery
b. plantar arch
c. medial plantar artery
d. lateral plantar artery
e. posterior tibial artery

138

what supplies most of the plantar side of the foot

lateral plantar artery

139

what is the plantar arterial arch a union of

lateral plantar artery and deep plantar artery (from dorsalis pedis)

140

what gives off the digital arteries

plantar arterial arch

141

does the cutaneous information of the foot follow the central axis rule

nope

142

what does the saphenous nerve supply

medial side of dorsum to first metatarsal

143

what does the superficial fibular nerve supply

dorsum of foot and parts of digits

144

what does the deep fibular nerve supply

between first and second digits

145

what does the medial plantar nerve supply

medial plantar side of foot and first 3.5 digits

146

what does the lateral plantar nerve supply

lateral plantar side of foot and last 1.5 digits

147

what does the sural nerve supply

very lateral side of foot

148

what does the tibial nerve supply

skin of heel

149
card image

a. sural nerve
b. deep fibular nerve
c. superficial fibular nerve
d. deep fibular nerve
e. sural nerve
f. saphenous nerve

150
card image

a. tibial nerve
b. sural nerve
c. lateral plantar nerve
d. medial plantar nerve


Related pages


size of parameciummedical term for partial paralysishow many phalanges are in each handbiology cohesiondefine tactile fremitusphlebotomy blood teststo kill a mockingbird test questions and answerssocrates logicanatomy of blood vessels labexplain reserved powersanaphylaxis is most accurately defined asdiploid definition biologycranial skull boneswhat is a baroreceptor reflexappendicular regionanatomy of blood vessels veinsreverse scapulohumeral rhythmadductor magnus origin insertion actionexamples of catecholamineswhat lines the brain ventricles and spinal canaltricep heads diagramwhat muscle rotates the scapulamezzo forte symbollocation of major arteries and veins in the brainwhat does citric acid cycle producemoist lung soundscirculatory system practice testwhich joints are synovialtaste aversion psychology definitioncdl test air brakeshow many valence electrons are in an atom of phosphorushow many structural isomers are possible for c4h10difficult sat wordsdescribe pollination in gymnospermspituitary gland secretes which hormoneswhere are lysosomes located in an animal cellwhat domain are protists inwhat is a perimysiumacth stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormonesthe substance forming the primary cell wallcohesion biologywhat is an immature red blood cell calledfactors affecting peripheral resistancecampbell biology 9th edition test bank freearticulations and body movements review sheetpulmonary and aortic semilunar valvesthe catcher in the rye chapter 2microcytic hypochromic erythrocytesmicrobiology gram stain quizsystole and diastole definitionmyelin sheath axonnervous tissue pdfosseous tissue diagrammitral valve histologyphage typing is based on the fact thatcervical plexus phrenic nerveoperon structureepiphyseal bonethe average temperature in the tropical rainforestproblems in balance may follow trauma to which nerveafferent nerve fiberwhere are the living cells in the epidermis locatedfetal fontanellesdo plant cells respirethe delegates at the constitutional convention were concerned mainly withprefix meaning rapida&p ii final exam quizletbacteriology quizurinary bladder diagramappendicular skeleton quiztrade off microeconomicsnonspecific defenses includemuscles used for intramuscular injectionsthe hamstring muscles act totransitional epithilium