Joints

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1

what are joints referred to

articulations

2

what are articulations

where two bones meet

3

how are joints classified structurally

fibrous or cartilaginous

4

joints can be classified functionally as

synarthroses, amphiarthroses, diarthroses

5

what are synarthroses joints

immovable (skull)

6

what are amphiarthroses joints

slightly moveable (pubic sympthasis)

7

what are diarthroses joints

freely moveable

8

what are fibrous joints

no movement

9

no joint cavity

fibrous joints

10

fibrous tissue present between the bones

fibrous joints

11

synarthroses is considered a __________ joint

fibrous

12

what are the three type of fibrous joints

sutures, syndesmoses, gomphoses

13

where can you find sutures

between the skull bones

14

where can you find syndesmoses

connected by ligaments
interrosseous membrane connecting the radius and ulna

15

where can you find gomphoses

tooth attached to the socket in the alveolar process of the maxilla and mandible by the periodontal ligament

16

do cartilaginous joints have joint cavity

no

17

cartilaginous joints have cartilage present where

between two bones

18

what kind of joints is an amphiarthroses joint

cartilaginous

19

types of cartilaginous joints

synchondroses, symphyses, and synovial

20

examples of synchondroses joints

first rib and sternum
growth plate (epiphyseal cartilage)
hyaline cartilage between two bones

21

which joints are slightly moveable

amphiarthroses and symphses

22

example of symphyses

public symphses, and fibrocartilage

23

when joint cavity is present it is called a

synovial joint

24

which joints have no tissue attaching the two bones

synovial

25

which joints are moveable

synovial

26

joint types are based on what

the shape of the opposing bone surfaces

27

plane or gliding joint definition

opposing surfaces are flat and equal

28

what is the movement of plant or gliding joints

nonaxial

29

examples of plane or gliding joints

intercarpal joints, intertarsal, joints between vertebra articular surface

30

define hinge joint

one opposing surface is concave while the other one is convex

31

movement of hinge joint

monoaxial or uniaxial

32

examples of hinge joint

elbow, knee and interphalangeal joints

33

pivot joint define

one opposing surface forms a ring through which the other opposing surface goes through

34

pivot joint movement

monoaxial

35

example of pivot joint

atalantoxial joint (joint between c1 and c2)

36

condylar joint define

one opposing surface forms a cup, the other surface fits in it

37

movement of condylar joint

biaxial

38

examples of condylar joint

metacarpal phalangeal joint

39

define saddle joint

one opposing surface forms both concave and convex and the other one does too

40

movement of saddle joint

biaxial

41

examples of saddle joint

carpometarpal joint of the thumb

42

define ball and socket joint

one opposing surface forms a socket and the other forms a ball

43

movement of ball and socket joint

multiaxial

44

examples of ball and socket joint

shoulder joint and hip joint

45

the bones are connected exclusively by ligaments

syndesmoses


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