Low pH is ##, What to correct it
pH high ##
What to correct it?
Clarity of urine abnormal findings
Odor of urine abnormal findings
Constituents in Urine
Abnormal constituents in urine
Sterile specimen would need to be taken how
Minimum amount needed urinary for lab analysis?
What would need to be done to it?
If you are going to do a 24 hour urine collection how would you start?
What happens if one time the patient flushes toilet without collecting urine?
If you are collecting urine for a C & S how much you urine would you need to collect
When sending off a lab specimen, what always has to be done or you could get fired
When inserting a catheter into a female patient how much should be inserted
When inserting a catheter into a female what would you need to assess for activity to help
What would you assess for conditions that would be Contraindicated for insertion of a catheter
When removing a catheter and you are extracting the saline out of the balloon, what did they say we need to do
catheterizing a female-- when beginning how do you clean her
Catheterizing a man how would you begin when cleaning him?
What if the man is not circumcised?
Once the balloon is inflated after catheterization what would you do
If a urine sample is needed when a person has a catheter how would you obtain this?
What are large volume enemas that result in rapid colon emptying?
These may be dangerous for patients with?
A hypotonic enema is
What does it do?
An isotonic enema is?
What does it do?
When administering an enema would need to assess the abdomen by?
Because The goal is to______
When would this be done?
When performing an enema you would need to assess the rectal area for?
The enema may stimulate a ___response, which increases ___stimulation, causing a ___heart rate
Before performing an enema you would need to assess laboratory work for?
When performing an enema would need to visually assess the patient for
Enema cannot be given to people who have
Which enema is the safest b/w isotonic and hypotonic
Enema. That distends intestines, increases peristalsis, softens the stool, is?
Action? Evacuation time?
How high should the bed the elevated while solution is running?
How high should the IV pole text last solution be home? How long should you plan to run solution
Who are Hypertonic enemas contraindicated in
Amount? Adverse effect?
Tapwater (hypotonic) enema takes effect in how many minutes?
What is its action
What is the adverse effect of normal saline (isotonic).
Soap enema amount?
Time to take effect?
Diagnostic --Ovum parasite
-has to be done how many times?
Would this be put in a C&S?
How was it be obtained?
Diagnostic---Occult blood is? Hemocult
What color will it turn on the slide?
How many minutes do you have to wait after the sample?
What can cause a false positive on a blood diagnostic?
How many days did she say pt has to stay off from their meds before giving an occult blood sample
If a person has blood in their stool Dr. will automatically think ___and will order___
Person will need to give how many consecutive stool samples?
How many places will it be taken from?
What color for a positive return?
What do you do with the sample once it is obtained and tested if sending to the laboratory?
Retention enemas---1) Helps to lubricate mucosa making it easier to poop.
2) Helps to expel farts from the rectum and relieve distention. 3) Used to destroy intestinal parasites? 4) Used to replenish fluids and nutrition rectally?
How much stool is needed to be placed in a laboratory container
Preparing patient for a fecal occult blood test=== food and drugs
Preparing patient for a fecal occult blood test -- menstruating
Preparing patient for a fecal occult blood test ----hematuria or bleeding hemorrhoids?
What other two things if they are bleeding from?
Preparing patients for a fecal occult blood test---person who is colorblind
When giving an enema how far do you insert the rectum?
Which direction should be pointed?
A platelet count of less than ____can seriously compromise the patient's ability to clot blood.
If resistance is met while inserting enema tube, what do you need to do?
Enema has been ordered to be given until clear. Severe fluid and electrolyte imbalances may occur at the patient is given more than___ cleansing enemas. Results are considered clear whenever there are no more ___ of stool in enema return. The solution may be ___but still considered a clear return?
If a patient experiences fullness or pain or if fluid escapes around the tube what do you need to do?
Are given to remove feces from the colon. Reasons for administering-relieve constipation or fecal impaction, preventing involuntary escape of poop during surgical procedures, promoting visualization of the intestinal track by radiographic or instrument examination, And help to reestablish regular bowel function during a bowel training program.
Distends, increases, softens stool
Distends, irritates, softens
Lubricates stool and mucosa
Test for certain conditions such as alter disease, inflammatory bowel disorders, and colon cancer, please place the patient high risk for intestinal bleeding
What is the reagent substance used to detect hemoglobin molecules in an occult blood test?
Maybe ordered to screen for pathogenic organisms such as C. diff or ova and parasites, electrolytes, fat, and leukocytes?
If this cannot go to the lab immediately what needs to be done with it? If this is being tested for over and parasites what is best?
If the specific gravity of urine is concentrated, higher than the normal level, if the cause is not dehydration what could it be due to?