Exercise 13: Articulations and Body Movements

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EXERCISE 13 PG. 183 - PG. 186
updated 6 years ago by jncanf
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1

TYPICALLY ALLOWS A SLIGHT DEGREE OF MOVEMENT

CARTILAGINOUS

2

INCLUDES JOINTS BETWEEN THE VERTEBRAL BODIES AND THE PUBIC SYMPHYSIS

CARTILAGINOUS

3

ESSENTIALLY IMMOVEABLE JOINTS

FIBROUS

4

SUTURES ARE THE MOST REMEMBERED EXAMPLES

FIBROUS

5

CHARACTERIZED BY CARTILAGE CONNECTING THE BONY PORTIONS

CARTILAGINOUS

6

ALL CHARACTERIZED BY A FIBROUS ARTICULAR CAPSULE LINES WITH A SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE SURROUNDING A JOINT CAVITY

SYNOVIAL

7

ALL ARE FREELY MOVABLE OR DIARTHROTIC

SYNOVIAL

8

BONE REGIONS UNITED BY FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE

FIBROUS

9

INCLUDE THE HIP, KNEE, AND ELBOW JOINTS

SYNOVIAL

10

DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

LIGAMENT

Ligament is a dense connective tissue made out of fasica that connects one bone to another. It also helps by stabilizing joints during movement

11

DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

TENDON

Connective tissue; connects muscle to bone

12

DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

ARTICULAR CARTILAGE

CONNECTIVE TISSUE; To cusion the bones from rubbing and smacking on each other. It also allows gliding motion.

13

DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE

SOFT CONNECTIVE TISSUE; The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid which serves to lubricate the joint and reduce the friction between bones in joints

14

DESCRIBE THE TISSUE TYPE AND FUNCTION OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IN RELATION TO A SYNOVIAL JOINT:

BURSA

Fibrous connective tissue; the bursa prevents friction within the joints

15

JOINT BETWEEN THE AXIS AND ATLAS

PIVOT

16

HIP JOINT

BALL AND SOCKET

17

INTERVERTEBRAL JOINTS (BETWEEN ARTICULAR PROCESSES)

CONDYLOID

18

JOINT BETWEEN FOREARM AND BONES AND WRIST

CONDYLOID

19

ELBOW

HINGE

20

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21

INTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS

HINGE

22

INTERCARPAL JOINTS

GLIDING

23

JOINT BETWEEN TALUS AND TIBIA/FIBULA

HINGE

24

JOINT BETWEEN SKULL AND VERTBRAL COLUMN

CONDYLOID

25

JOINT BETWEEN JAW AND SKULL

HINGE

26

JOINTS BETWEEN PROXIMAL PHALANGES AND METACARPAL BONES

CONDYLOID

27

A MULTIAXIAL JOINT

...

28

BIAXIAL JOINT

...

29

UNIAXIAL JOINT

...

30

INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

UNIAXIAL JOINTS

1

31

INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

BIAXIAL JOINTS

2

32

INDICATE THE NUMBER OF PLANES:

MULTIAXIAL JOINTS

3 OR MORE

33

WHAT CHARACTERISTICS DO ALL JOINTS HAVE IN COMMON?

MOVEMENT

34

WHICH JOINT, THE HIP OR KNEE, IT MORE STABLE?

HIP

35

NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE HIP JOINT.

DEEP SOCKET AND LIGAMENTS

36

NAME TWO IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE STABILITY OF THE KNEE.

THE STRENGTH OF THE ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCIFORM LIGAMENTS

AND THE INTEGRITY OF THE CARTRIDGE ON THE BONES AT THE KNEE

37

THE SHOULDER JOINT IS BUILT FOR MOBILITY. LIST FOUR FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE LARGE RANGE OF MOTION AT THE SHOULDER.

1. BALL AND SOCKET JOINT
2. GLENOID LABRUM DEEPENS THE CAVITY
3. FEW REINFORCING LIGAMENTS
4. THIN/LOOSE ARTICULAR CARTILAGE ENCLOSES THE JOINT

38

IN WHICH DIRECTION DOES THE SHOULDER USUALLY DISLOCATE?

DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT OF THE HUMEROUS

39

WHAT STRUCTURAL JOINT CHANGES ARE COMMON TO THE ELDERLY?

JOINTS DEGENERATE, ADHESION'S MAY FORM WHERE BONES JOIN, EXTRANEOUS BONE TISSUE CAN GROW ALONE JOINT EDGES.

40

DEFINE SPRAIN.

LIGAMENTS REINFORCING A JOINT ARE DAMAGED BY EXCESSIVE STRETCHING OR ARE TORN AWAY FROM THE BONY ATTACHMENT.

41

DEFINE DISlocation.

BONES ARE FORCED OUT OF THEIR NORMAL POSITION IN THE JOINT CAVITY

42

WHAT TYPES OF TISSUE DAMAGE MIGHT YOU EXPECT TO FIND INA DISLOCATED JOINT?

TORN OR STRESSED LIGAMENTS


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