Smallpox and chickenpox
What is the causative organism for smallpox
What family of viruses does smallpox belong
what is the genome of smallpox
dna double stranged
Does this virus always have an envelope
What is the shape of the variola (smallpox) virus?
What is the organization known as WHO
World Health Organization
How was smallpox eliminated as a naturally occurring infection?
successful vaccine program
When was the last naturally occurring case of smallpox reported in the world
1977 in Africa
What 2 labs are authorized to handle the smallpox virus
US, CDC and Russia
What are some possible modes of transmission for smallpox
Air droplets person-to-person, coughing, breathing
Contact with skin sores, contaminated clothing or bedding
Is smallpox contagious
Is smallpox always fatal
What are the clinical symptoms for smallpox
high fever, fatigue, headache, backache
macular rash or pox, pink spots begin in mouth
What is the duration of a typical smallpox case until recovery
What is the difference between the macular, vesicular and pustular rash?
-Macular is pink spots
-vesicular is fluid filled small red bumps with dip in center
-pustular is pus filled hard round bumps
Is there a vaccine for smallpox
What is the difference between variolation and vaccination
vaccination is an injection
variolation is a thread saturated with fluid from smallpox lesions introduced into scratch of nonimmune person
Who was lady montagu and what is her significance in history
wife of british ambassador to turkey who introduced variolation to england
Is cowpox in the same family of viruses as smallpox
Who was Edward Jenner and what was his contribution to the smallpox vaccine
He improved small pox immunization by discovering cowpox exposure immunized against smallpox creating vacca(cow) vaccine
What is the component of the vaccine for smallpox
vacinia virus which is live material
What is an attenuated vaccine
How long does immunity last after smallpox vaccine
3-5yrs and no more than 10yrs
What is a bifurcated needle?
needle with 2 sharp ends that holds one drop of virus in between
Are there side effects from the smallpox vaccine?
Is there any segment of the population that should not receive this vaccine because of high risk?
Yes, Encephalitis and progressive vaccinia, eczema vaccinatum, generalized vaccinia.
Yes there is a population that shouldn't receive vaccine: cancer pts, immune deficiency, skin conditions, pregnancy
Is anyone vaccinated for smallpox today?
scientists that handle smallpox or related virus
select healthcare workers
select emergency personnel
Is there treatment for smallpox
Is there immunity after recovery of a natural infection with smallpox
What is the availability of smallpox virus to a terrorist
What is a N95 respirator
It filters atleast 95% of particles and reduced exposure but doesn't illiminate it
What would be the danger of reintroducing smallpox in today's world
could be catastrophic
What is the causative organism for chickenpox
What family of viruses does chickenpox belong?
What is the genome of this virus
double stranded dna
Does chickenpox virus have an envelope?
What is the shape of chickenpox virus
What are the clinical symptoms of chickenpox
fever and rash start at same time
Are chickens a reservoir for this virus
Is there a vaccine for chickenpox
What disease results when chickenpox recurs
Which disease is typically more serious: smallpox or chickenpox