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Chapter 17 Blood

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created 4 years ago by Nevyluz21
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1

most common white blood cell found in whole blood?

Neutrophil

2

Mounts an immune response by direct cell attack or via antiibodies ?

Lymphocyte

3

kills parassitic worms ?

Eosinophil

4

becomes a microphage

Monocyte

5

Main bacteria killer duing acute infection

Neutrophil

6

Nucleus has 2 lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes; functios in attacking parasitic worms

eosinophil

7

Nucleus is multilobed; functions as a phagocyte; contains fine indisttinct granules.

Neutrophil

8

Transports co2 and oxygen

Erythrocyte

9

contains a U- or an S- shaped nucleus; granules stain very dark; releases histamine and heparin.

Basophil

10

Largest of the WBCs; crucial in defense against viruses; associated with chronic infections.

Monocyte

11

The major contributor to plasma osmotic pressure

Albumin

12

Thrombin catalyzes the activation of these molecules present in plasma

Fibrinogen

13

Forms the structural framework of a blood clot.

Fibrinogen

14

Makes up most of plasma protein

Albumin

15

Main contributor to osmotic pressure.

Albumin

16

antibodies released by plasma cells during immune response

Gamma globulins

17

Necessary for coagulation

fibrinogen

18

Transport proteins that bind to lipids, metal ions, and fat- soluble vitamins.

Alpha and Beta globulins

19

Polymorphonuclear leukocyte

Neutrophil

20

White blood cell without cytoplasmic granules.

Monocyte

21

Protein capable of changing shape and color in the presence of O2.

Hemoglobin

22

Adverse reaction of donor blood cells with recipient plasma .

Agglutination

23

Lacking in hemophilia type A.

Factor VIII

24

Produce by platelets.

Prostaglandin derivates such as Thromboxane A2

25

A fibrous protein that gives shape to an RBC plasma membrane.

Spectrin

26

Hormone that stimulates production of RBCs.

Erythropoietin

27

Stimulates WBC production

Interleukins and CSFs

28

Natural anticoagulant found in basophils

Heparin

29

cancerous condition involving white blood cells

Leukemia

30

condition in which blood has abnormally low oxygen- carrying capacity.

Anemia

31

Abnormal excess of erythrocytes resulting in an increase in blood viscosity.

Polycythemia

32

Which of the following is not a functional characteristics of WBCs?

granulosis( A)

33

What is the average normal pH range of blood?

7. 35 - 7.45( C)

34

The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cells is?

Hemoglobin F ( C)

35

Which of the choices below is the parent cell for all formed elements of blood?

Hemocytoblast

36

Which blood type is generally called the universal donor

Type 0 ( D)

37

Which of the following is a protective function of blood?

Prevention of blood loss

38

Which of the statement below is an incorrect or false statement?

Blood typing for the Kell, Lewis, and Duffy factors is always done before a blood transfusion.

39

Which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis?

hypoxia of EPO- producing cells

40

Blood reticulocyte counts provide information regarding?

Rate of erythrocyte formation

41

An individual who is blood type AB negative can?

Receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with Rh antigen

42

Which of the following statements does not describe blood?

Blood carries body cells to injured areas for repair.

43

When neither anti A- serum nor Anti- B serum clot on a blood plate with donor blood, the blood is type ?

O

44

Blood volume restorers include all of the following except?

packed cells

45

James has a hemoglobin measurement of 16 g/ 100 ml blood. This is ?

Within the normal range

46

The plasma protein that is the major contributor to osmotic pressure is?

albumin

47

All of the following can be expected with polycythemia except

Low blood viscosity

48

No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in

Monocytes

49

Which of the following is not a phase of hemostasis?

fibrinolysis

50

A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and causing an appearance of large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristics of?

pernicious anemia

51

The slowest step in the clotting process is ?

formation of prothrombin activator

52

Thromboembolic disorders

include embolus formation, a clot moving wiithin the circulatory system.

53

Which of the following is not a cause of bleeding disorders?

excess secretion of platelet- derived growth factor ( PDGF)

54

Which of the following is characteristic of all leukocytes

they are nucleated

55

Which of the following is true about blood plasma?

it is about 90% water.

56

Platelets?

Stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break.

57

Select the incorrect statement regarding blood cell formation

Platelets are formed from myeloblasts.

58

Which of the following is not a structural characteristic that contributes to erythrocyte gas transport function?

Mitotically active

59

Which sequence is correct for the following events?
1. fibrinogen - Fibrin
2. Clot retraction
3. formation of thromboplastin
4. prothrombin- thrombin

3, 4, 1, 2

60

Fred' s blood was determined to be AB positive. What does this mean?

There are not antibodies to A, to B, or to Rh antigens in the plasma.

61

Which of the following would not be a possible cause of sickling of red blood cells in someone with sickle- cell anemia?

Sleeping in a wall- ventilated room.

62

All of the following condition impair coagulation except

Vascular spasm

63

When can erythroblastosis fetalis not possible happen in the child of an Rh negative mother?

if the father is Rh-

64

Blood is a

suspension

65

what organ in the body regulates erythrocyte production?

Kidney

66

The formed element Can kill parasitic worms.

Eosinophil

67

A is a committed granular leukocyte stem cell that produces neutrophils.

Myeloblast

68

The rarest leukocyte is the

basophil

69

The universal recipient blood type is

AB

70

When monocytes migrate into the interstitial spaces, they are called

Macrophages

71

The term that describes blood disorders in which blood oxygen levels are inadequate to support normal metabolism is

Anemia

72

is the stage of development in the life of an erythrocyte during which the nucleus is ejected.

Normoblast

73

How many polypeptide chains make up hemoglobin

4

74

List the general factors that limit normal clot growth.

Rapid removal of clotting factors and inhibition of activating clotting factor

75

When are whole blood transfusions routinely given?

Rapid and substantial loss


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