) Low pressure, porous vessels that reabsorb solutes and water from the tubule cells
) High pressure vessel that forces fluid and solutes into the glomerular capsule.
Fenestrated vessels that allow passage of all plasma elements but not blood cells.
The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permeability properties of the ________.
An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n) ________.
Which of the choices below is not a function of the urinary system?
The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________.
The descending limb of the nephron loop ________.
Select the correct statement about the ureters.
The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because it ________.
Which of the following does not describe the justaglomerular complex?
The chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration membrane is ________.
Which of the following acts as the trigger for the initiation of micturition (voiding)?
Most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________.
The fluid in the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of ________.
A disease caused by inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) by the pituitary gland with symptoms of polyuria is ________.
An important characteristic of urine is its specific gravity or density, which is ________.
Place the following in correct sequence from the formation of a drop of urine to its elimination from the body.
1. major calyx
2. minor calyx
6. collecting duct
Select the correct statement about the nephrons.
What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal?
Which of the following is NOT true regarding tubular reabsorption?
Which of the following is the least important influence on reabsorption of a substance in the nephron?
Reabsorption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate is accomplished by ________.
Which of the choices below is a function of the nephron loop?
Which of the following is the correct sequence of kidney development from embryo to fetus?
Which of the following best describes kidney function in older adults (70 years or older)?
The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerulus is the ________.
If the Tm for a particular amino acid is 120 mg/100 ml and the concentration of that amino acid in the blood is 230 mg/100 ml, the amino acid will ________.
If one says that the clearance value of glucose is zero, what does this mean?
Which of the choices below is NOT a method by which the cells of the renal tubules can raise blood pH?
In the ascending limb of the nephron loop the ________.
Select the correct statement about urinary system development.
Which of the choices below is the least important role of tubular secretion?
What is the most direct function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
Which of the choices below are the most important hormone regulators of electrolyte reabsorption and secretion?
Which cells of the kidney are chemoreceptors that respond to changes in solute content of the filtrate?
ADH activated water channels called ________ are essential for water reabsorption in the collecting duct.
The ________ mechanism is the general tendency of vascular smooth muscle to contract when stretched.
Sodium-linked water flow across a membrane not under hormonal control is called ________ water reabsorption.