Classifying alcohols and haloalkanes

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1

What functional group does an alcohol contain?

An hydroxyl (-OH) functional group.

2

What is a primary alcohol?

A primary alcohol has only one carbon atom attached to the carbon atom that the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is attached to.

3

What is a secondary alcohol?

A secondary alcohol has two carbon atoms attached to the carbon atom that the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is attached to.

4

What is a tertiary alcohol?

A tertiary alcohol has three carbon atoms attached to the carbon atom that hydroxyl the functional group (-OH) is attached to.

5

What function group does a haloalkane contain?

A halide group (any halogen atom such as bromine and chlorine bonded to the alkane chain).

6

What can Haloalkanes be classified as?

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.

7

Define primary haloalkane

Haloalkanes can be classified as primary when the carbon bonded to the halogen atom is bonded to one other carbon atom.

8

Define Secondary haloalkane

Haloalkanes can be classified as secondary when the carbon bonded to the halogen atom is bonded to two carbon atoms.

9

Define tertiary haloalkane

Haloalkanes can be classified as tertiary when the carbon bonded to the halogen atom is bonded to three carbon atoms.

10
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Primary Alcohol
2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol (or dimethylpropan-1-ol)

11
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Classify and name this haloalkane.

Primary Haloalkane
1-chlorobutane

12
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Secondary Alcohol
Butan-2-ol

13
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Classify and name this haloalkane.

Tertiary Haloalkane
2-bromo-2-methylpropane (or 2-bromomethylpropane)

14
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Primary Alcohol
Ethanol (or ethan-1-ol)

15
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Classify and name this haloalkane.

Primary Haloalkane
Chloromethane (or 1-chloromethane)

16
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Tertiary Alcohol
2-methylpropan-2-ol (or methylpropan-2-ol)

17
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Classify and name this haloalkane.

Secondary Haloalkane
2-bromopropane

18
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Secondary Alcohol
3,3-dimethylbutan-2-ol

19
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Classify and name this haloalkane.

Primary Haloalkane
1-bromo-1-chlorobutane

20
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Classify and name this alcohol.

Tertiary Alcohol
2-methylbutan-2-ol


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