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Chapter 5 Surgical Asepsis - Test

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1

Differentiate between medical and surgical asepsis.

Medical asepsis is defined as any practice that helps reduce the number and spread of microorganisms.

Surgical asepsis is defined as the complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object

2

Surgical or Medical Asepsis

Measuring vital signs

A) Surgical Asepsis
B) Medical Asepsis

B) Medical Asepsis

3

Surgical or Medical Asepsis

Administering an intra-venous contrast agent

A) Surgical Asepsis
B) Medical Asepsis

A) Surgical Asepsis

4

Surgical or Medical Asepsis

Taking a flat plate image of the abdomen

A) Surgical Asepsis
B) Medical Asepsis

B) Medical Asepsis

5

Surgical or Medical Asepsis

Re-applying a dressing

A) Surgical Asepsis
B) Medical Asepsis

A) Surgical Asepsis

6

Surgical or Medical Asepsis

Catheterization of the urinary bladder

A) Surgical Asepsis
B) Medical Asepsis

A) Surgical Asepsis

7

When entering a surgical suite and preparing to enter Zone 2, the radiographer must:

a) Change into a scrub suit
b) Change his shoes
c) Change into a scrub suit, don shoe covers, and cover his/her hair
d) Perform a surgical scrub
e) Wear a mask

c) Change into a scrub suit, don shoe covers, and cover his/her hair

8

List the three most common causes of contamination of a surgical site.

1. Microorganism blown into the surgical site
2. use of contaminated instruments or gloves
3. A wet or damp sterile field

9

True or False?

Maintenance of the sterile field is the duty of only the circulating nurse.

False

10

Disinfectants are categorized depending on their ability to disinfect. Alcohol is considered an inter-mediate-level disinfectant. This means that it:

a) May be used to disinfect surgical instruments
b) May be used to disinfect work surfaces
c) May be used to disinfect thermometers and medication vials
d) Is toxic and may not be used

c) May be used to disinfect thermometers and medication vials

11

If there is a question about the sterility of an item, the radiographer must:

a) Use it as if it were sterile
b) Call the radiologist and ask him about the item
c) Consider it unsterile and replace it

c) Consider it unsterile and replace it

12

True or False?

When opening a sterile wrapper, the fold closest to the radiographer is opened first.

False

13

The purpose of the surgical scrub is:

a) To sterilize the skin of the person scrubbing
b) To remove as many microbes as possible from the skin
c) To cleanse the skin of the person scrubbing

b) To remove as many microbes as possible from the skin

14

List three responsibilities of the radiographer in the operating room or special procedures room.

1. protecting himself and all persons in the OR and special procedure areasfrom radiation.

2. knowledge-able concerning the areas that are sterile.

3. He must pro-tect sterile areas and the patient from contamination.

15

When preparing to enter the OR, the radiographer must don a lead apron. He may wear his radiation protection badge:

a) Inside the lead apron
b) Outside the lead apron
c) He does not need to wear a radiation protection badge in the OR

b) Outside the lead apron

16

Any dressing removed in the imaging department must be considered:

a) Sterile
b) Contaminated
c) Surgically aseptic
d) Medically aseptic

b) Contaminated

17

When sterile drapes are placed by the sterile person. The drape is placed:

a) In the area farthest away from the sterile person first
b) In the area nearest the sterile person first
c) Over the operative site first

b) In the area nearest the sterile person first

18

If the radiographer is allergic to latex, he must:

a) Decline to participate in any procedure that requires him to wear sterile gloves

b) Request gloves that are not of latex material

b) Request gloves that are not of latex material

19

True or False?

Sterile technique must be used during a dressing change only if the dressing is not contaminated

False

20

All of the following are responsibilities of the sonographer in the operating room or special procedures room except:

A) protecting himself and all persons in the OR and special procedure areasfrom radiation.

B) knowledge-able concerning the areas that are sterile.

C) protect sterile areas and the patient from contamination.

D) Assist the surgeon by handing him instruments he may need for the procedure

D) Assist the surgeon by handing him instruments he may need for the procedure

21

______ asepsis is the complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object.

Surgical Asepsis

22

A chemical capable of destroying microorganisms or inhibiting thier growth is a ______

Disenfectant

23

Destruction of microbes by steam under pressure or other means, either chemical or physical is termed _____.

Sterilization

24

All of the following are common causes of contamination of the surgical field EXCEPT:

A) Application of drapes around the surgical field
B) Microorganism blown into the surgical site
C) use of contaminated instruments or gloves
D) A wet or damp sterile field

A) Application of drapes around the surgical field

25

_____ is the destruction of microorganisms and thier spores by means of chemical or physical agents

Disinfection

26

A drape with one or more opening is called a:

A) Fenstrated drape
B) Sterilzation
C) Disinfection
D) Antiseptic
E) Aseptic technique

A) Fenstrated drape

27

Sonographer must be able to recognize and remedy breaches or problems related to:

A) Fenstrated drape
B) Sterilzation
C) Disinfection
D) Antiseptic
E) Aseptic technique

E) Aseptic technique

28

Methods include steam under pressure, chemical, and gas

A) Fenstrated drape
B) Sterilzation
C) Disinfection
D) Antiseptic
E) Aseptic technique

B) Sterilzation

29

Disinfectant

A) Fenstrated drape
B) Sterilzation
C) Disinfection
D) Antiseptic
E) Aseptic technique

D) Antiseptic

30

Often does not destroy spores

A) Fenstrated drape
B) Sterilzation
C) Disinfection
D) Antiseptic
E) Aseptic technique

C) Disinfection

31

Indicates that the person is dressed in sterile gown and gloves and is engaged in a sterile procedure.

A) Disinfection
B) Being scrubbed
C) Sterilization
D) Aseptic technique
E) Disinfectant

B) Being scrubbed

32

Use of methods that totally exclude microorganisms as one work.

A) Disinfection
B) Being scrubbed
C) Sterilization
D) Aseptic technique
E) Disinfectant

D) Aseptic technique

33

Destruction of microbes by steam under pressure orr other means, either chemical or physical.

A) Disinfection
B) Being scrubbed
C) Sterilization
D) Aseptic technique
E) Disinfectant

C) Sterilization

34

Destruction of microorganisms and thier spores by chemicals or physical means.

A) Disinfection
B) Being scrubbed
C) Sterilization
D) Aseptic technique
E) Disinfectant

A) Disinfection

35

Are categorized as high level, intermediate level and low level

A) Disinfection
B) Being scrubbed
C) Sterilization
D) Aseptic technique
E) Disinfectant

E) Disinfectant


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