cardiovascular system

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 years ago by rmgrahem
173 views
updated 4 years ago by rmgrahem
Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

What does “directly proportional” mean?

-when one factor goes up, the other goes up.
-when one factor goes down, the other goes down

2

The formation of blood Formed Elements is:

hemopoiesis

3

What are factors that affect blood pressure?

-heart rate
-cardiac output
-blood flow
-peripheral resistance
-blood viscosity

4

The blood plasma lipoprotein that transports cholesterol to the liver for decomposition is:

HDL

5

The blood Formed Elements that are involved with forming a “Platelet Plug” are:

Thrombocytes

6

The hemopoietic tissues are:

Red bone marrow

7

When a heart chamber contracts it is called …

Systole

8

When a heart chamber relaxes, it is called …

Diastole

9

Blood pressure is directly proportional to blood viscosity.

true

10

Blood pressure is inversely proportional to blood flow.

true

11

As a blood vessel dilates, the blood pressure increases.

false
(BP is directly proportional to peripheral resistance - vasodilation decreases PR)

12

Hypertension is called a “Silent Killer” because it damages the walls of arteries and arterioles.

true
(hypotension is not usually considered a major health risk)

13

ALL veins carry blood to the heart and ALL arteries carry blood away from the heart.

true
(remember: arteries = away)

14

The pulmonary arteries carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium.

false
(the pulmonary VEIN carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium)

15

The sequential order of the blood vessels is: arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins and venules.

false
(arteries-arterioles-capillaries-venules-veins)

16

The veins and venules in your body contain on average _% of your total blood supply when you are at rest.

64%

17

The arteries and arterioles in your body contain on average _% of your total blood supply.

15%

18

What are the three layers of the heart wall from superficial to deep.

-epicardium
-myocardium
-endocardium

19

What is the definition of an arrhythmia?

an abnormal heart rate

20

What is the definition of tachycardia?

a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute

21

What is the definition of Bradycardia?

a heart rate of under 60 beats per minute

22

Which of the following is the heart’s pacemaker?

sinoatrial node

23

What are the two layers of the sac that surrounds the heart?

visceral pericardium and parietal pericardium

24

Which blood vessels are the sites of gas and nutrient exchange between the blood and the tissues?

blood capillaries

25

What indicates atrial depolarization on an ECG?

P wave

26

What are the general functions of the Cardiovascular System?

-Transport oxygen and nutrients to the cells and CO2 and wastes away
-Transport hormones to their target cells and tissues
-Aids in fighting diseases via immune system
-Aids in control of body temperature

27

Which vessels use the milking action of the skeletal muscles to help propel their fluids through them?

-veins
-lymph vessels

28

What are the major Vascular Pathways?

-Pulmonary Circuit
-Coronary Circuit
-Systemic Circuit

29

The Sympathetic Nervous System causes which response by the arteries?

Vasoconstriction

30

The Parasympathetic Nervous System causes what response by the arteries?

Vasodilation

31

The formation of a blood clot is:

Hemostasis

32

T-cells are lymphocytes that mature…

in the thymus

33

B-cells are lymphocytes that mature…

in the bone tissue

34

Atherosclerosis is …

the accumulation of lipids on the endothelium of the arteries.

35

Arteriosclerosis is …

the hardening of the arteries, reducing their elasticity

36

Leukopenia is …

white cell counts under 4,000 per mm3 of blood.

37

Leukocytosis is …

white cell counts over 11,000 per mm3 of blood.

38

What is considered THE Erythrocyte Graveyard?

spleen

39

The pigment end-product from the breakdown of erythrocytes that gives urine its yellow color is…

urochrome

40

For a blood pressure of 120/80, the 120 is the …

systolic pressure

41

For a blood pressure of 120/80, the 80 is the …

diastolic pressure

42

The blood Formed Elements that are involved with transporting oxygen are:

erythrocytes

43

The overall name for the group of blood cells that are involved in the immune response is:

leucocytes

44

The small holes in the capillary walls that allow the free movement of nutrients and gasses into and out of the surrounding tissues are:

fenestrations

45

The cardiac cycle is normally controlled by the:

sinoatrial node

46
card image

Name the numbers sections of this example of an EKG.

1.P Wave
2.QRS Complex
3.T Wave

47

State the overall blood pathway through the pulmonary, coronary and systemic circuits.

1.Vena Cavae - 2.R. Atrium - 3.tricuspid valve - 4.R. ventricle - 5.Pulmonary semilunar valve - 6.pulmonary trunk - 7.pulmonary arteries - 8.Lungs - 9.pulmonary veins - 10.L. atrium - 11.bicuspid/mitral valve - 12.L. ventricle - 13.aortic semilunar valve - 14.aorta - 15.systemic arteries - 16.systemic arterioles - 17.capillaries - 18.cells/tissues - 19.capillaries - 20.systemic venules - 21.systemic veins - 22.vena cavae - 23.R.atrium

48

State the blood pathway through the heart.

1.R. atrium - 2.tricuspid valve - 3.R. ventricle - 4.pulmonary semilunar valve - 5.L. atrium - 6.bicuspid valve - 7.L. ventricle - 8.aortic semilunar valve

49

What substances are considered non-protein nitrogenous substances?

-urea
-uric acid
-ammonia salts
-creatinine

50

Spell the correct term for a blood pressure cuff.

sphyngmomanometer

51
card image

Fill in the blanks of the table.

card image

Related pages


sea lettuce phylum95 confidence interval for population meanantianginal medicationcardiac sarcomereomnibus bill 1850advantages of backward vertical integrationwhich glands produce ear waxsensory neuron axonap biology chapter 21 reading guide answersa mirage is the result ofmicroscopic structure of the blood vesselsprotein synthesis in prokaryotesmicroscopic anatomy of skeletal musclewhich bone forms the prominence of the cheekstructure that converts solar energy into chemical energybehavior therapy is grounded inliquids and intermolecular forcesfunction of mesophyllantagonist of deltoidin what year was the adams-onis treaty signedexternal intercostalnaming acid and basesthe endomembrane system includesfunction of pericardial cavitythe hormone glucagonreflexive property geometryexamples of synergistsumbilical cord prolapse pptwabash v illinois 1886how does the pancreas aid in digestionconnective tissue in brainwhere is the vascular tissue system located in rootssuccessful aging involves all of the following exceptemt flash cardsvitamins involved in red blood cell synthesis aresuccinate fumaratedescribe the tracheahuman anatomy and physiology marieb 10th edition answer keycompare and contrast external and internal respirationwhere are osteoclasts locatedcells may absorb secrete and filterdefinition of protein pumpfour layers of alimentary canalrhogam is what type of plasma proteinanother word for chloroplastprocess of erythropoiesisovary ductfunction of myometriumfunction of sebumpharmacology book katzungnursing diagnosis for bowel incontinencethe structure of the lymphatic systemto apply parsimony to constructing a phylogenetic treephysioex 9.1 exercise 1easy notecards anatomy and physiologynerve impulse transmissions occurring along myelinated neurons are calledthe axial skeleton consists of the bones of theinfilteringhow does it differ structurally from other stratified squamous epitheliumsources of pyruvatewhat domain are protists incustomary units of weight and capacityis nitrogen a metal nonmetal or metalloidbinary fission in protiststunnel view x ray kneewhere does fat digestion occurlymph fluid definitionname the 2 bones that form the pelvic girdleati medication administrationaortic semi lunar valvethe difference between compact and spongy boneadp phosphorylationendocrine slideschimpanzee phylumanatomical cavity