Canada: Units 8-9 Study Guide

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1

Which oceans border Canada?

Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific

2

Describe the Canadian Shield. Why is it important?

It is a horseshoe region of thin soil with minerals underneath; provides jobs for mining

3

What is the importance of the St. Lawrence River/Seaway?

It provides easy access from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean for trade

4

Name the 5 Great Lakes.

Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior (HOMES)

5

Canada ranks ________ in land area in the world.

Second

6

Describe Canada's population.

The population is small compared to Canada's land area

7

Where do most Canadians live and why?

Within 100 miles of US border because the climate is mild

8

Describe the climate of the northern 1/3 of Canada.

Tundra

9

Which of Canada's climate regions is best for farming?

Humid continental

10

List 3 of Canada's important natural resources.

Water, timber, fossil fuels

11

Why is it good that Canada has lots of natural gas and oil?

It can supply its own energy needs and doesn't have to depend on other countries

12

What causes some Canadians to live in remote areas?

The natural resources are there, which may provide jobs

13

The people that farm or mine usually live in ________.

Small rural communities

14

Why is timber so important to Canada's economy?

Canada has a surplus to trade

15

How is Canada able to produce more than enough food with only 5% arable land?

Canada is very large, so 5% arable land is a quite a lot of land

16

Canada is bilingual; what does that mean?

Canada has two official languages

17

What is the most common religion found in Quebec?

Roman Catholic

18

What are the two official languages of Canada?

English and French

19

Which language is most commonly spoken and why?

English because Great Britain ruled Canada for most of its period of settlement and expansion

20

When did Canada gain its independence from the United Kingdom?

After WWI

21

What did the British North America Act of 1867 allow Canada to do?

Canada could have its own parliament and laws

22

What were Canadians opposed to after WWI?

The use of Canadian soldiers in the army of the United Kingdom

23

What is one way the French Canadians protect their culture?

French is the official language of Quebec

24

Explain Quebec's independence movement.

The people of Quebec are afraid their French culture will diminsh, so their goal is to become an independent country

25

What is a Quebecois?

A citizen of Quebec

26

What is the British monarch's role in the Canadian government?

Is the head of state

27

How is political power distributed in Canada?

Federal government

28

What type of government exists in Canada?

Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy

29

What role do Canadian citizens play in the Canadian government?

Citizens can vote for representatives for the House of Commons

30

What role does the United States play in Canada's acid rain problem?

The majority of Canada's pollution comes from the U.S. by wind streams that carry them over

31

What is the cause of Canada's acid rain problem?

Coal-burning power plants

32

What substances mix together to produce acid rain?

Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide mix with rain

33

What are the affects of acid rain?

It can kill plants, animals, and erode statues

34

What is SO2? What produces most of it in Canada? What is its greatest source in the US?

Sulfur dioxide; industrial sources, electric utilities, fuel combustation; electric utilities

35

What country is working with Canada to clean up the Great Lakes? Why?

The U.S. because they share the Great Lakes with Canada

36

Who would most likely be against the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement?

Factory owners in the area of the lakes

37

What was the goal of the first Canadian-American plan?

To reduce the phosphorus chemical

38

Where in Canada are the most valuable minerals found? Why is it important to Canada's economy?

Canadian Shield; it provides jobs

39

What is a benefit of mining in Canada?

Over 1.5 million people work in the mining industry and Canada has a surplus to trade

40

How much of Canada is forest?

One-half

41

What problem occurs because of clear-cutting?

Wildlife loses large areas of habitat

42

How are forest protected in Canada?

Seeds and seedlings are planted by the government

43

What type of economic system does Canada have?

Mixed

44

What is the main purpose of NAFTA?

To increase trade by creating a large free-trade zone

45

What is one reason for people to exchange currency?

To buy goods and services in another country

46

Which North American country has the most economic freedom?

Canada

47

What is credit?

The ability to borrow money

48

When is the best time to borrow money?

When the interest rate is low

49

What condition causes people to use less credit?

Interest rates are high

50

What is an advantage of a savings account over a checking account?

Savings accounts pay a higher rate of interest


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