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Sociology final..

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created 3 years ago by stephanieman18
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SOCL 101 for J. Brown

Grade levels:
College: First year

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1

The sociological perspective or sociological imagination helps us to see how society shapes the lives of individuals. Use the sociological perspective to explain your position in society as a college student. What types of structural advantages or disadvantages have you faced in your journey to college? Compare and contrast how functionalists and conflict theorists would explain how/why you are in this position. Be sure to discuss the major points of these two theoretical perspectives in your answer.

- My position as a college student is to be in charge of my education and future by dedicating hard work and respect for all my peers and professors. As a college student, we are respected in society because college is a time and money consuming investment.

Structural advantages: Private school as well as selectively enrolled college, +smaller classes +professors get to know you better +more services provided

Disadvantages: higher tuition, scholarship set requirement, psychological pressure and stress to succeed, college courses are often more in debt and requires more independent study.

Adult = expected to be independent in terms of taking care of yourself and managing your time. This is all new to all first year college students.

Functionalists:

Relationship between parts of society - by going to college provides jobs + more research opportunities + people entering the professional workforce with knowledge w/ specific field.

Aspects of society are functional, adaptive -

Manifest Functions - knowledge in certain area

Latent Functions - social connections

By attending a Jesuit university = Jesuit ideals of community and "making the world a better place" learned by college students.

  • Education = better understanding of the world
  • More educated in a population will directly affect society
  • Better technological advancements
  • Continuity of a society

Conflict:

Competition for resources - everyone at Loyola was admitted based on specific grades / scores / achievements = hypothetically each student has the same "playing field". Those with the best GPAs get the best positions.

How elite control poor + weak - College graduates often get better employment opportunities than those without a college degree.

College attendance creates more relationships w/ other people

2

Structural theories, such as conflict theory and functionalist theory look at macro explanations of how the social world operates. How is this different from the more micro-level approach symbolic interactions use to explain social reality? According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, how does society influence the way you act, behave, and feel about yourself? Be sure to explain how this is a social rather than individual phenomenon.

Functionalist theory:

  • Society is cooperative and runs in harmony
  • Norms assure people operate within the system
  • Everyone has a role in society and for society to succeed, people must believe in the system and play their part.
  • Functionalists see conflict as negative for society.

Conflict theory:

  • Views conflict as natural and human
  • Conflict occurs over the struggle to gain scarce resources
  • Interest in power and inequality
  • Society is divided into two groups; the have's and the have-nots
  • Haves create norms and structure to maintain monopoly on power
  • Have-nots are coerced into following the norms
  • Conflict in society is good = leads to social change and approaches equality.

Symbolic Interaction:

  • Field suggests more interest in socialization and interactions
  • Socialization is never complete.
  • Society does not exist without interactions

social phenomenon: successful interaction the symbols have same meaning for all involved.

  • Socialized to communicate through symbols and gestures.
  • We learn to take the role of the "other"
  • Interpretations and reactions are automatic.
3

We now live in a globalized world. Drawing on the main principles of conflict and functionalist theory, compare and contrast how these two paradigms would explain the causes and consequences of globalization.

Economic: countries that trade with many others have few trade barriers are economically globalized.

Social: a measure of how easily information and ideas pass between people in their own country and between different countries.

Political: amount of political co-operation there is between countries.

Causes

Functionalist: Globalization allows industries to produce goods and services to sell products on a massive scale throughout the world. +society is cooperative and runs in harmony

Conflict: massive industries = sweat shops / rural places that manufacture goods with bad living/working conditions **divided into 2 groups

Effects

Functionalist: Food supply is no longer tied to the seasons. We can buy food anywhere in the world at any time of the year.

Conflict: rural locations in charge of plantations cannot progress into industralized cities because they serve as the "have-nots"..

  • Conflict occurs over the struggle to gain scarce resources
  • Interest in power and inequality
4

Choose one status that is used to create stratification in society (e.g. class, race, gender, etc). Using your sociological imagination explain how the culture you grew up in affects your understanding of this type of stratification. That is, how did your culture teach you about the reasons for, problems with, or justification of stratification based on this type of status.

Gender stratification:

Gender Stratification -unequal access to power, prestige and property based on gender differences

In high school, my psychology teacher said less woman go into STEM majors because they are discouraged to enter the scientific/mathematics. Med school + science major = less time to be at home and less time to provide for a home. My parents discouraged me not because they didn't think I couldn't make it but because I would never have the chance to have a "family life".

Society: women are supposed to be taking care of the household activities: child-raising, cleaning, managing home.

Gender typing: Women holding occupations of lower status and pay.. men holding jobs of higher status and pay.

Gender pay gap.. $0.80 vs $1.00

5

Sociologists believe that social institutions pattern the behavior of individuals. What are social institutions? Pick one social institution that we have discussed in class and explain how our behaviors are patterned by this institution. Describe, in sociological terms, the process through which we learn to act within the social structure provided by this institution.

A social institution consists of a group of people who have come together for a common purpose. These institutions are a part of the social order of society and they govern behavior and expectations of individuals.

Social Institutions: the family.

1. The Family:

A socially defined set of relationships between at least two people related by birth, marriage, adoption, or, in some definitions, long-standing ties of intimacy.

  • Marx: The family upholds the capitalist economic order by ensuring the reproduction of the working class and by maintaining housewives as a reserve labor force.
  • Functionalist theory: Functions of the family include socializing children, regulating sexual behavior and reproduction, distributing resources, providing social support.

When we are born, we are usually born into a family (or in special cases) born into different trended families (eg: gay, adopted, single parent, etc). We learn through the norms that we are supposed to have a family and they are supposed to provide + essentially guide and love you. Growing up... = marriage, kids, life.

Parents nurture the child.. providing education, etc, etc based on class, race, etc. Cultural beliefs + morals.

Study family institution here :

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