APUSH CHAPTER 11

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1

King Cotton

short-staple cotton became a more profitable crop than tobacco, rice, and sugar due to its ability to grow in a variety of climates and soils. It was more difficult to process but the cotton gin solved much of that issue. As the textile industry grew so did the demand for cotton, production spread rapidly and brought a lot of money. 1850, it became linchpin of Southern economy. Southern politicians gave name “king”

2

Deep South

Lower south at first, referred to as “Deep South” in later era. Also called Cotton Kingdom.

3

Colonial dependency

majority of supplies came from the North, so was thought that South depended on North. Reasons for less industrial progress in South include that the South had a great profitability from their agricultural economy, whereas the North did not. Their climate was more suitable for agriculture rather than industry. The work ethic in the north also fueled their economic development.

4

Cavalier Myth

white southerners saw themselves as living a special way of life. They saw themselves as “cavaliers” or people free from the base. It conformed to the reality of southern society in very limited ways.

5

Planter Aristocracy

made up of the cotton magnates, the sugar, rice, and tobacco nabobs, the whites who owned at least 40 to 50 slaves and a bunch of land, they exercised power and influence. They determined social life, politics, and economics.

6

Patriarchal society

men were the unquestioned masters of their homes, women and children were always under the men

7

Peculiar Institution

White southerners referred to slavery as “peculiar institution.” Meant that institution was distinctive and special. South = only area in Western World except Brazil, cuba and Puerto Rico where slavery still existed. Slavery led the South to be isolated from the rest of American society, and as isolation increased southerners more committed to defend institution. There was a distinct racial line between whites and blacks, so African Americans started forming their own culture, but both groups were dependent upon each other.

8

Slave Codes

forbade slaves from holding property, leave their master’s land without permission, to be out after dark, to talk with other slaves except at church, to carry firearms, or to strike a white person in self defense. Breaking these rules would result in death.

9

Foreign Slave Trade

federal law had prohibited it in 1808 but slaves were still smuggled in. There were not enough imports to satisfy the planters and reopening the slave trade was discussed.

10

Slave resistance

for the most part it took less drastic forms such as running away although some revolted. The Underground Railroad was a part of slave resistance. Blacks consistently defied their masters. Sambo-slave who followed the rules, others rebelled. Fear of slave conspiracies and renewed violence were present for as long as slavery lasted.


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