Southern and Eastern Asia

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1

Which river flows through India and Bangladesh to the Bay of Bengal?

Ganges

2

Why are the Himalayas called the "roof of the world"?

The world's highest mountains are found in this area.

3

Which is the MOST LIKELY reason that some of the largest deserts in this world are found to the north of the Himalayan Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau?

These high mountains and plateau block rains and moisture that would come from the seas further to the south.

4

What are the two great deserts found in China?

Gobi and Taklimakan.

5

Why is the Huang He River refered to as the Yellow River?

Yellowish dust from the desert blows into the water and gives it a yellow color.

6

What is loess?

Silt that is carried in river water.

7

Why is the Huang He sometimes called "China's Sorrow"?

No one can drink the water from this river because of the pollution.

8

Which river is the longest in China?

Yangtze

9

What is located at the mouth of the Yangtze River?

Shanghai

10

Which river runs south from the Tibet to Vietnam and the South China Sea?

Indus

11

What is the name for a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides?

Peninsula

12

Which country is a peninsula?

Japan

13

Into which country does the Ganges River flow after it leaves India?

Bangladesh

14

Where does the Ganges River flow into the sea?

Bay of Bengal

15

Which is true about the Ganges River?

Many people use the river for transportation as well as a water supply.

16

How has India's need to develop more industry ended up creating problems along the Ganges River?

Factories along the river dump industrial waste and chemicals into the river every day.

17

How has the Indian practice of cremating their dead been a problem for the river?

The bodies of dead animals, as well as the ashes of human beings, have been planned in the river causing pollution.

18

What was the purpose of the Ganges Action Plan begun in the 1980s?

To try and clean up the river.

19

Why has the Indian government had such a hard time making much progress cleaning up the Ganges River?

India's combination of growing population and run-off from farming makes it hard to see much progress in controlling pollution.

20

Why is the Yangtze River so important to the populating and economy of China?

It supplies millions of people with water for drinking, irrigation, and industrial uses.

21

Into what body of water does the Yangtze flow?

East China Sea

22

What are some of the main causes of high levels of nitrogen in the waters of the Yangtze River?

The chemicals used in fertilizers run from the fields into the river.

23

Which is one of the most common industrial pollutants found in the Yangtze River?

Arsenic

24

What has been the effect of the rapid growth of algae in the Yangtze River?

The oxygen levels in the water go down and fish die.

25

Why did the Chinese government decide to go ahead with the Three Gorges Dam project along the Yangtze River?

China's people needed a reliable source of hydroelectric power.

26

How would building sanitary landfills along the Yangtze River held reduce pollution in the water?

The garbage could go into landfills instead of into the river.

27

Why are India's urban areas having a problem with air pollution?

The rapidly growing population, heavy industry, and thousands of automobiles have caused the problem.

28

How is air pollution a problem in rural areas?

Millions of people cook over wood or coal fires.

29

What has been the effect of the heavily polluted "brown clouds" that are now common in some parts of India?

Rainfall has decreased and temperatures are cooler.

30

Why has the Indian government had problems reducing air pollution?

They do not want to slow economic growth.

31

When Beijing, China was awarded the 2008 Olympics, which environmental issue was a big concern for many of the athletes?

The city's air pollution.

32

Which contributes to air pollution problems in China?

Use of coal-burning power plants for energy.

33

Which is the leading cause of death in China?

Respiratory and Heart Disease.

34

What was the job of the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Be=ureau in the months before the 2008 Olympics?

Improve the city's air quality.

35

Why is acid rain dangerous to the environment?

Can harm plants and animals.

36

What economic argument does the World Bank make to urge countries to do whatever they need to do to clean up serious environmental problems quickly?

The long-term costs of pollution are often more than the clean-up effort would be.

37

The climate of India is affected by seasonal winds called

Monsoons.

38

Where do most of the people of India live?

Along the great rivers and fertile valleys.

39

What is the best way to describe the climate of China?

Combination of all these.

40

Where do most Chinese live?

Area of the country with milder climates.

41

Which has a major effect on the climate of Japan?

Ocean currents.

42

What is the best way to describe the geography and climate of South Korea?

Mountainous and cool.

43

What is the best way to describe the geography and climate of south Korea?

Mix of mountains and river valleys and mild temperatures.

44

Which type of climate makes Vietnam ideal for growing rice?

Warm and tropical.

45

How have the mountain ranges in northern India affected the country's development?

The mountain ranges have often protected India from northern invaders.

46

Why do so many of the people of India live in the Ganges River Valley?

There are few other places in India where people can find work.

47

Why do most of the people of North Korea live in the western half of the country?

The area has more farmland and fewer mountains.

48

Why do almost 25 percent of the people in South Korea live in and around Seoul?

The city provides markets, jobs, and education not available in rural areas.

49

How have the farmer of Japan been able to raise crops in land that is very mountainous?

They have built farming terraces along the mountain slopes.

50

How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland?

The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food.

51

Which is an example of natural resource?

Deposit of coal.

52

Which describes an ethnic group?

People with a shared language, religion, or culture.

53

Which describes a religious group?

People who share the same religious beliefs.

54

Which religion is considered on of the oldest in the world?

Hinduism.

55

What is the name of the Hindu sacred text?

Vedas

56

What is the Hindu belief in reincarnation?

The belief that a soul returns to life in another body after death.

57

What is the Hindu belief in Karma?

That one's action determines one's fate.

58

How long do Hindus believe a soul will be reincarnated?

It will be reincarnated until the soul lives a life good enough to be united with Braham.

59

What is the caste system?

The belief that social class is hereditary.

60

Where was the religion of Buddhism formed?

India

61

Who was the founder of Buddhism?

Siddhartha Gautama

62

What does'Buddha" mean?

Enlightened one.

63

What do Buddhists believe people need to do to be happy and find peace?

They are to give up greed and greedy desires.

64

What Buddhist teaching shows its follwers the correct way to live their lives?

The Middle Way

65

How did the first Muslims come to Southern and Eastern Asia?

Muslims invaders entered India in the 1500s AD.

66

What are the FIve Pillars?

Basic beliefs of Islam

67

What is the name of the Muslim holy book?

Quran

68

Islam is considered a monotheistic religion because follwers believe in

Only one god

69

In which country was Shintoism founded?

Japan

70

What are the kami that are so important in Shinto belief?

They are spirits that followers of Shinto believe exist in things all around them.

71

How do believers of Shinto practice their religion?

They pray at small altars in their homes.

72

Inj which country was Confucianism founded?

China

73

What did Confucius believe were the keys to social order and peace?

Good character and virtue in the people.

74

Which is the Confucius' Golden Rule?

"What you do not like when done to you, do not to others."

75

How did Confucianism come to play an important role in Chinese society?

A Chinese emperor hired Confucian scholars in 121 BC to help organize his government.

76

Why is Confucianism considered a philosophy instead of a religion?

His teachings are more about ethics and behavior than about religious ideas.


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