Psych 2700 Ch. 10

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1

Phonemes are the basic units of sound in a language.

false

2

Babies "coo" before they "babble."

true

3

Deaf infants never learn to coo or babble.

false

4

The focus on semantics is on the meaning of words

true

5

A holophrase always contains at least two words.

false

6

Underextension occurs when a person uses a word too narrowly (i.e., for a specific example versus the entire category).

true

7

“Go school” is an example of telegraphic speech.

true

8

When a child acquires the ability to use decontextualized language they are able to discuss both past and future events.

true

9

Skinner is BEST associated with the nativist perspective of language acquisition.

false

10

Chompsky proposed that humans have an inborn mechanism for acquiring language that he called the learning acquisition device.

false

11

Nativists assume that all children need in order to acquire language is exposure to

true

12

Mastery motivation involves a high level of intrinsic motivation.

true

13

Children with high levels of mastery orientation thrive on challenges.

true

14

During the partial alphabetic phase of reading, children first are able to read a word that they have previously memorized.

false

15

Acquiring phonological awareness allows a child to segment a spoken word into sounds or phonemes.

true

16

Ability grouping has been shown to be a highly effective technique for improving academic performance for most school-age children.

false

17

A poor person-environment fit between a student and their school can negatively impact achievement motivation.

true

18

Negative peer pressure many negatively impact the academic performance of African American adolescents

true

19

Programs designed to raise older-adult levels of literacy are rarely successful.

true

20

A vowel-like sound such as “ooooh” is BEST classified as a _____ sound.

coo

21

When two individuals are looking at the same object they are engaging in _____ attention.

joint

22

When a child uses a word too broadly, they are committing an error of _____.

overextension

23

When a child uses a word too narrowly, they are committing an error of _____.

underextension

24

_____ speech is characterized by two- to three-word sentences that contain critical content words, but omit “frill” words.

Telegraphic

25

The rules for forming sentences from words are referred to as the rules of _____.

syntax

26

A child who understands the idea of past tense, but says words like “wented,” is engaging in _____.

overregularization

27

Knowledge of language as a system is referred to as _____ awareness.

metalingusitic

28

Chomsky described language in terms of _____ grammar.

transformational

29

Chomsky proposed the existence of a _____ device that allows children to master language with greater ease.

language acquisition

30

According to the _____ perspective, both learning theorists and nativists are correct in their discussion of factors that underlie language acquisition.

interactionist

31

Children with a high level of _____ orientation tend to thrive on challenges and believe that their efforts will eventually pay off.

mastery

32

A child who has adopted _____ goals aims to learn new things so that they can improve their abilities.

learning

33

A child who has adopted _____ goals aims to prove their ability rather than to improve their ability.

performance

34

During the partial _____ phase of reading, children first learn the shapes and sounds of letters

alphabetic

35

The developmental precursors of reading skills in children are referred to as _____ literacy.

emergent

36

The reading disorder in which the word “saw” is read as “was” is called _____.

dyslexia

37

Placing students into groups on the basis of their talents is referred to as _____ grouping.

ability

38

The educational practice of mainstreaming is now referred to as _____.

inclusion

39

_____ is defined as the ability to use printed information to function in society, achieve goals, and develop one’s potential.

Literacy


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