Psych 2700 Ch. 10
Phonemes are the basic units of sound in a language.
Babies "coo" before they "babble."
Deaf infants never learn to coo or babble.
The focus on semantics is on the meaning of words
A holophrase always contains at least two words.
Underextension occurs when a person uses a word too narrowly (i.e., for a specific example versus the entire category).
“Go school” is an example of telegraphic speech.
When a child acquires the ability to use decontextualized language they are able to discuss both past and future events.
Skinner is BEST associated with the nativist perspective of language acquisition.
Chompsky proposed that humans have an inborn mechanism for acquiring language that he called the learning acquisition device.
Nativists assume that all children need in order to acquire language is exposure to
Mastery motivation involves a high level of intrinsic motivation.
Children with high levels of mastery orientation thrive on challenges.
During the partial alphabetic phase of reading, children first are able to read a word that they have previously memorized.
Acquiring phonological awareness allows a child to segment a spoken word into sounds or phonemes.
Ability grouping has been shown to be a highly effective technique for improving academic performance for most school-age children.
A poor person-environment fit between a student and their school can negatively impact achievement motivation.
Negative peer pressure many negatively impact the academic performance of African American adolescents
Programs designed to raise older-adult levels of literacy are rarely successful.
A vowel-like sound such as “ooooh” is BEST classified as a _____ sound.
When two individuals are looking at the same object they are engaging in _____ attention.
When a child uses a word too broadly, they are committing an error of _____.
When a child uses a word too narrowly, they are committing an error of _____.
_____ speech is characterized by two- to three-word sentences that contain critical content words, but omit “frill” words.
The rules for forming sentences from words are referred to as the rules of _____.
A child who understands the idea of past tense, but says words like “wented,” is engaging in _____.
Knowledge of language as a system is referred to as _____ awareness.
Chomsky described language in terms of _____ grammar.
Chomsky proposed the existence of a _____ device that allows children to master language with greater ease.
According to the _____ perspective, both learning theorists and nativists are correct in their discussion of factors that underlie language acquisition.
Children with a high level of _____ orientation tend to thrive on challenges and believe that their efforts will eventually pay off.
A child who has adopted _____ goals aims to learn new things so that they can improve their abilities.
A child who has adopted _____ goals aims to prove their ability rather than to improve their ability.
During the partial _____ phase of reading, children first learn the shapes and sounds of letters
The developmental precursors of reading skills in children are referred to as _____ literacy.
The reading disorder in which the word “saw” is read as “was” is called _____.
Placing students into groups on the basis of their talents is referred to as _____ grouping.
The educational practice of mainstreaming is now referred to as _____.
_____ is defined as the ability to use printed information to function in society, achieve goals, and develop one’s potential.