archduke francis ferdinand
A coded telegram dispatched by the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, Arthur Zimmermann, on January 16, 1917, to the German ambassador in Mexico, Heinrich von Eckardt, at the height of World War I. The telegram instructed the ambassador to approach the Mexican government with a proposal to form a military alliance against the United States. It was intercepted and decoded by the British and its contents hastened the entry of the United States into World War I.
Committee on Public information
the creel committee
selective service act of 1917
the law establishing the military draft for world war one...In May 1917, Congress passed the Selective Service Act, which created a national draft. The act required all men ages 21 to 30 to register for military service at local polling stations. This was the first time the U.S. government had established a draft before entering a war.
trading with the enemy act
obliged any newspaper printed here in a foreign language to furnish the postmaster general with English translations of everything published about the war...forbade trade with the enemy and empowered the postmaster general to deny use of the mails for any printed matter that, in his opinion, advocated treason, insurrection, or forcible resistance to the laws of the US
american expeditionary force
American force of 14,500 that landed in France in June 1917
under the command of General John Pershing. Both women and blacks
served during the war, mostly under white officers,,,,the United
States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I. During the United
States campaigns in World War I the ___ fought in France alongside
British and French allied forces in the last year of the war,
against Imperial German forces. The ___ helped the French Army on
the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive (at Château-Thierry and
Belleau Wood) in June 1918, and fought its major actions in the
Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives in late 1918.
Gen. Pershing was a commander of these forces.
a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. He is the only person to be promoted in his own lifetime to the highest rank ever held in the United States Army—General of the Armies (a retroactive Congressional edict passed in 1976 promoted George Washington to the same rank but with higher seniority); holds the first United States officer service number (O-1). his nickname of "Black Jack" resulted from his command of black troops earlier in his career
Wilson's peace plan designed to end the war without much discontent from all countries. It helped create the League of Nations, as well as inspired the allies, demoralized the enemy, and gave promises out to dissatisfied minorities...Woodrow Wilson's peace plan to end WWI. It calls for free trade; an end to secret pacts between nations; freedom of the seas; arms reduction; and the creation of a world organization - called the League of Nations
david Lloyd George
treaty of versailles
war guilt clause
league of nations
This part of the Versailles Treaty morally bound the U. S. to aid any member of the League of Nations that experienced any external aggression.The most controversial of the League of Nations covenants, Article 10 said that all nations must protect the territorial and political integrity of other League members. The article meant that if one nation was engaged in war, all others must become involved. This article was a large part of why the US rejected the League.