Approximately what percentage of a person’s life expectancy is dependent upon his personal behavior?
What would be the physiological age of a 75-year-old woman whose physical health is equivalent to that of her 50-year-old daughter?
Studies of adults show that longevity is related, in part, to all of the following except
What is the most important predictor of a person’s mobility in the later years?
Which of the following is a finding from studies of diet restriction in rats?
Which of the following is a feature of energy intake and longevity?
What minimum reduction from the usual intake of energy in people brings about measurable improvements in body fat, blood pressure, insulin response, and blood lipids?
People who persistently restrict energy intake by 30% for 30 years can expect to increase longevity by up to how many years?
In people who practice energy restriction to prolong life, hunger becomes persistent when kcal intake first drops by what percentage?
Which of the following is a proposed mechanism for energy restriction and improved longevity in animals?
Which of the following is a feature of the stress response in men and women?
All of the following are characteristics of body weight and older people except
Which of the following is a characteristic of aging and the immune system?
Which of the following terms describes an immune system that is inefficient and overactive in the aged?
Mary is 75 years old and has been getting sick recently and losing weight. After assessing all symptoms, her doctor diagnoses atrophic gastritis and prescribes an antibiotic. All of the following are symptoms associated with this condition except
All of the following are characteristics of tooth loss in the elderly except
Atrophic gastritis is typically characterized by all of the following signs except
Approximately what percentage decline in basal metabolism is seen in an 80-year-old person compared with a 40-year-old?
Approximately what percentage decline in total energy expenditure is seen in a 70 year old versus a 30 year old
Which of the following describes the nutrient needs of older people?
Which of the following is a feature of elderly people and water metabolism?
Marie is an 80-year-old woman with a BMI of 27 who has been admitted to the hospital for dehydration. She lives alone, her diet is very high in desserts and sweets, and she only drinks diet colas. On morning hospital rounds, the attending physician asks the group of interns what they recommend for the patient. With which intern should you disagree?
Vitamin B12 deficiency in the elderly is least likely to occur from
John is 60 years old and has been experiencing numbness in his hands for the past 3 months. His doctor suspects that John is not producing enough hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor and encourages him to eat more foods containing vitamin B12. What is wrong with this suggestion?
All of the following are characteristics of vitamin B12 nutrition in older people except
Which of the following is a recent finding on vitamin D nutrition in the elderly
Which of the following is a feature of vitamin D nutrition in the elderly?
To prevent and treat the high incidence of constipation in the elderly, all of the following practices are known to be effective except
Which of the following is a feature of calcium nutrition in the elderly
Although many health-care professionals do not recommend a daily multivitamin-mineral supplement, the needs for which of the following nutrients are usually met from supplement use?
Which of the following statements describes one aspect of mineral nutrition of older adults?
A condition that increases the likelihood of iron deficiency in older people is
What are the thickenings that occur to the lenses of the eye, thereby affecting vision, especially in the elderly?
Jimmy is 33 years old and his obese parents each have cataracts in both eyes. They rarely eat fruits or vegetables and prefer a meat and potatoes existence. To reduce his risk of developing cataracts like his parents, Jimmy should incorporate all of the following into his diet except
All of the following are characteristics of age-related macular degeneration except
All of the following are features of osteoarthritis except
All of the following are features of arthritis except
Which of the following types of diets has been shown to prevent or reduce arthritis inflammation?
All of the following are characteristics of gout except
Which of the following is not a common feature of gout?
Which of the following is thought to promote the development of brain senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles?
Factors known to be related to the appearance of Alzheimer’s disease include all of the following except
Which of the following is a characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease
What is the main reason for dieting in the elderly?
Which of the following is a feature of food choices and eating habits of older people?
All of the following are features of the Meals on Wheels program except
Goals of the federal Older Americans Act nutrition program include the provision of all of the following except
A principal reason that congregate meals are preferable to Meals on Wheels is that
Rose is a 73-year-old spunky, energetic woman who is wheel-chair bound. She cannot go to the grocery store and has no family members nearby. Which of the following would be the most appropriate suggestion for ensuring that Rose is obtaining adequate nutrition?
Which of the following is a program that provides low-income older adults with coupons that are exchangeable for fresh vegetables and fruits at community-supported farmers’ markets and roadside stands?
What percentage of eligible people 60 years and older participate in nutrition assistance programs?
What fraction of prescription drugs sold in the United States is taken by people over 65 years of age
What are the known consequences of taking a single two-tablet dose of aspirin?
A major side effect from the regular use of some antipsychotics, antidepressants, and corticosteroids is
What two nutrients are known to interfere significantly with the utilization of the antibiotic tetracycline?
Regular use of antacids interferes significantly with absorption of all of the following except
What is a common side effect from taking certain prescription drugs and consuming grapefruit juice?
Which of the following is a feature of warfarin use and vitamin K utilization?
Your father was recently prescribed an anticoagulant medicine and was surprised that the doctor advised him to maintain consumption of consistent amounts of green leafy vegetables every day. You inform your father that
Which of the following foods in particular must be restricted in the diet of a person taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor drug?