MOR 366 - Funeral Pathology - Lesson 4.2

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DMACC Mortuary Science Ankeny, IA
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1

Acute Coryza

An acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa accompanied by profuse nasal discharge.

2

Rhinitis

Inflammation or irritation of the nasal passages, resulting in runny nose, nasal congestion, and/or postnasal drainage.

3

Sinusitis

Inflammation of a sinus.

4

Hay fever

A seasonal illness, marked by sneezing, sniffling, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes.

5

Influenza

An acute contagious respiratory infection marked by fevers, chills, muscle aches, headache, prostration, runny nose. watering eyes, cough, and sore throat.

6

Tracheitis

Inflammation of the trachea, usually by infection.

7

Bronchitis

Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial airways, caused by irritation or infection, or both, by pathogen.

8

Bronchial asthma

A common form of asthma due to hypersensitivity to an allergen.

9

Pneumonia (pneumonitis)

Inflammation of the lungs, usually due to infection with bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens.

10

Lobar pneumonia

Pneumonia infecting one or more lobes of the lung, usually caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

11

Engorgement

Vascular congestion; distention.

12

Consolidation

The process of becoming solid.

13

Red hepatization

The stage of pneumonia in which the lung tissue becomes redder than normal as a result of the engorgement and congestion of blood in the lungs.

14

Gray hepatization

The stage of lobar pneumonia when the consolidation of tissue begins to turn gray.

15

Bronchopneumonia

A type of pneumonia marked by scattered consolidation (areas filled with inflammatory exudate) in one or more lobes of the lung.

16

Viral pneumonia

Any infections of the lower respiratory tract (the lungs, bronchioles, and trachea) caused by viral species.

17

Pleuritis (pleurisy)

Inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleurae that surround the lungs and line the pleural cavity.

18

Empyema

A collection of pus in a body cavity, esp. the pleural space.

19

Tuberculosis

An infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium avium, and characterized pathologically by inflammatory infiltration, formation of tubercles, caseation (a cheese-like condition of the lung tissue), necrosis, abscesses, fibrosis, and calcification.

20

Pulmonary tuberculosis

Tuberculosis that is contained only in the lungs.

21

Miliary tuberculosis

Tuberculosis that spreads throughout the body via the bloodstream.

22

Pneumoconiosis

Any disease caused by an infiltration of the lungs due to inhalation of dust particles.

23

Silicosis

A form of pneumonoconiosis resulting from inhalation of silica (quartz) dust.

24

Siderosis

A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust or fumes containing iron particles.

25

Byssinosis

Pneumoconiosis caused by the inhalation of cotton dust and foreign materials.

26

Chalicosis

Pneumoconiosis associated with the inhalation of dust produced by marble and limestone cutting.

27

Emphysema

A chronic deterioration and destruction of lung tissue.

28

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

Any of a group of debilitating, progressive, and potentially fatal lung diseases that have in common increased resistance to air movement, prolongation of the expiratory phase of respiration, and loss of the normal elasticity of the lung.

29

Airway obstruction

Blockage of a structure that prevents it from functioning normally.

30

Asphyxia

An insufficient intake of oxygen.

31

Respiratory polyps

A swelling or excrescence (tumor) emanating from a mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.

32

Pulmonary

Related to the lungs.

33

Pleural cavity

The cavity that contains the lungs.

34

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

35

Ante

Before

36

Arthro

Joint

37

Ascites

The accumulation of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity.


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