Pediatric Growth and Development Quizlet

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 3 years ago by berlinland
464 views
updated 3 years ago by berlinland
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Infant

29 days to 1 year old

2

Toddler

2 to 3 years old

3

Child

< 12

4

Denver Developmental Screening Test II

Biometric tool is the most well-known for measuring development in children

5

Developmental Milestones

Observable traits and actions that have been hown to develop consistently i our population

6

At what age should you expect to see shifts on growth charts, often due to genetic predispoition

Around 9 months

7

At what percentile of growth would cause alarm and action?

5th Percentile with no obvious cause

8

How many major lines or channels must be crossed in order for you to take action?

2 percentile lines or major channels consecutively without cause

9

Growth rate declines rapidly during ages 1 to 12 years

True

10

What is the difference in growth charts?

Gender specific ( one for male and one for females )

11

How can mature weight be predicted?

Fat babies become fat adults.

Period of rapid weight gain during the 1st 4 months of life correlate with obesity at 7 years old

12

Does the Denver II assess IQ?

NO

13

What is assessed by the Denver II?

Personal-Social skills

Fine Motor-Adaptive skills

Language skills

Gross Motor skills

14

Purpose of Denver II

Provide an objective test for developmental delay

15

What age of child is the Denver II sesigned for?

0 to 6 years old

16

Gross Motor Skills at 2 weeks

Symmetric movements

17

Gross Motor Skills at 2 months

Lifts head in prone, grasp

18

Gross Motor Skills at 4 months

Head no longer lags when the body is pulled up

Able to roll over (front to back)

19

Gross Motor Skill at 6 months

it independently (tripod)

20

Gross Motor Skill at 9 months

Pulls to stand

21

Gross Motor Skill at 12 months

Walk

22

Gross Motor Skill at 18 months

Run, 1 to 2 stairs

23

At what age can a child recognize sound?

2 weeks

24

When should a child be able to say words (generally)?

By 2 years old

25

When should a child be able to say sentences (generally)?

By 3 years old

26

At what ages does the child exhibit stranger anxiety?

Between 6 and 36 months

27

If he child is experiencing a language delay, what is the first exam the child should have?

Ear and hearing exams

28

At what age should rolling be a red flag?

< 3 months (i)ncreased tone

29

At what age should poor head control b a red flag?

> 5 months (hypotonia)

30

At what age should hand dominance be a red flag?

< 18 months

31

At what age is fallure to vary voice pitch a red flag?

> 4 month

32

At what age is lack of babbling/localizing sound a red flag?

> 6 months

33

What should DBP be in a child 3 year old or older?

2/3 SBP

34

At what age should the child be able to fix and follow with eyes?

By 6 weeks old

35

At what age should the child try the eye chart instead of just fixing and following?

2 years old

36

Which vaccine is the only one given at birth?

Hep B

37

If there is a delay in the next shot in the vaccine series, should you start over?

NO

38

How many shots are in the Hep B series and in the IPV series?

3 shots

39

How many shots are in the MMR series and Hep A series?

2 shots

40

How many shots are in H. Influenza Type B series and in the DTaP series?

4 shots

41

Which vaccine require a booster at 4 to 6 years?

DTaP and IPV

42

A vaccine delayed is a vaccine

Denied

43

Contraindications to vaccines

History of anaphylaxis

Live vaccines in immunocompromised or pregnant patients

44

What condition are some parents concerned about MMR vaccine causing in their children?

Autism

45

When examining the child, what should you exam first before they cry?

Heart and Lungs

46

When examining the child what should you exam last?

Ears and Oral

47

What is the weight and/or age requirement for being in an approved rear-facing car seat?

< 20 pounds or < 12 months

48

What i the weight and/or age requirement for being in an approved front-facing car seat?

20 to 40 pounds and 1-4 years old

49

What is the weight and/or age requirement for using an approved booster seat?

40 to 80 pounds and 4 to 8 years old

50

What is the weight and/or age requirement should sit in the back seat and prohibited from sitting in the front seat?

< 12 years old

51

In Texas, what is the requirement for child passenger safety seat program?

Under 8 years old, under 4'9"

52

In order to reduce the rik of SIDS, shluld the baby sleep with a parent?

NO

53

In order to reduce SIDS what position should the child sleep in?

Supine

54

Does heavy blankets, pillows, multiple blankets, and overly padded bumper increase the risk of SIDS?

YES

55

What hazard are children at increased risk of getting when a parent smokes?

Small for gestational age

SIDS

Bronchitis/ pneuonia

Otitis Media

Asthma

56

Are hazards still present to child if the parent only smokes outside?

YES

57

Which makes the baby gain weight more rapidly and increases obesity risk, breast milk or bottle formula?

Bottle Formula

58

Which increases chance of baby having jaundice, breast mild or bottle formula?

Breast Milk

59

Exclusively breat-fed infants should receive what vitamin supplements?

Vit D (until able to eat Vit D enriched foods)

Iron (> 7 month)

60

When can infant get cow's milk, honey or canned foods?

> 12 months

61

What condition can the infant get if the infant younger than 12 months get honey or canned foods?

Infantile Botulism

62

When can an infant begin solid foods?

4 to 6 months

63

What can happen to infants younger than 12 months drinking cow.'s milk?

GI bleeding and anemia

64

What order should an infant begin solid foods?

Grains

Veggies

Fruits

Meats

65

Should solid foods replace or supplemnt the bottle/breast?

Replace

66

What is the limit of juice that can be given to an infant?

4 oz per day

67

Why is it a bad idea to limit fat intake in a child 1 to 12 years old?

Nerve tissue develops

68

Children do not need to be on "diets" before the age of

3 years old

69

What type of carbs are encouraged in children 1 to 12 years, complex or simple?

Complex

70

children under the age of ____________ should not watch television at all.

2 years old

71

Children watching television should do so no more than ________________ per day.

2 hours

72

At what age should toilet training occur?

2 to 3 years old

73

At what temp should the hot water heater be kept?

120 degrees F

74

How often should a new food be introduced?

Every 2 weeks

75

What is the limit of juice that can be given to a child 1 to 12 years old?

8 oz per day

76

What is the limit of milk that can be given to a child 1 to 12 years?

< 24 oz per day

77

Is a Growth Hormone assay necessary in workup if weight and height are low but teeth are erupting at a normal rate?

NO

78

If there is a delayed eruption of teeth, what labs should you check?

TSH and calcium (hypothyroid, hypopituitarism rickets)

79

When and what teeth erupt first?

Lower central incisor followed by upper central incisor, starting at 6 months

80

When do permanent teeth erupt?

6 to 8 years old, ending at 12 years old

3rd molars erupt at 18 years old

81

How can you prevent dental caries (cavities)

Avoid prolonged or nightime bottles

Avoid excessive soda and juice

Ensure adequate fluoride intake

82

At what age can the child use fluoride toothpaste?

2 years old

83

If a child cannot use flouride toothpaste before age 2 years, then can be used to brush the child's teeth?

Brush teeth with water

84

How does thrush present?

Erythematous plaque under white lsion

85

Is a KOH necessary to cinfirm thrush?

NO

86

Side effect of Gentian Violet

Will stain skin for 1 to 2 weeks

87

Treatment for thrush

Oral Nystation

Gentian Violet

88

If child has thrush and is breast-feeding, what should be done to the mother?

Ensure treatment of Candida on mother's nipples

89

Diaper Rash

Contact dermatitis from urine and feces exposure

90

Most children with diaper rash are also coinfected with

Cment for Diaper Rashandida albicans (70%)

91

Treatment for Diaper Rash

Change diaper more often

Air dry

Switch to cloth diapers

Nysatin, Lotrimin, others

Zinc oxide

Hydrocortisone

92

If the diaper rash spares the scrotum, do you suspect Rinea or Candida?

Tines

93

If the diaper rash has "satellite lesions", do you suspect Tinea or Candida?

Candida


Related pages


nerves in chinalternation of generations diagrambody cavities quizwhere is the vascular tissue system located in rootssemilunar valves prevent backflow into thegamma hemolytic streptococciphagocytes and lymphocytesglycolytic pathway enzymeswhy is long distance transport important for vascular plantshow many strands make up a dna double helixpictures of simple squamous epitheliumwhat does hypertonic mean in biologystate flash cards printableflourine atomic masseasy notecards reproductive systemcuneocerebellar pathwayphysioex exercise 6campbell biology chapter 14 test preparationfunctional anatomy of the urinary systemthe plasma protein involved in blood clotting ispepsinogen a digestive enzyme is secreted by thehow many pairs of cranial nervestactile cellsdraw the structure of ethyl propanoateobtuse angle picturesblood within the pulmonary veins returns to the ________gross anatomy of the brain and cranial nerveswhere meiosis occurspear vaginastomach curvatures functionblood cells are produced in hemopoietic tissue found inrhythm flashcardspithed definitionsensory receptors in the inner earabdominopelvicdiastolic circulationperistalsis digestive systemportuguese numbers 1-100four walls of digestive tractdefinition of genotypic ratioelementary statistics symbolsintegumentary system quizletlipids that are liquid at room temperature are known asatp t shirtoxygen carrierhow many nuetrons does oxygen haveportal circulation diagramthe coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from thedefine esvhow many protons neutrons and electrons does tin havecycad flowerthe lord of the flies quizwhen light energy excites electrons in photosystem 2a bundle of muscle fibers is calledcharacteristics of the alveolipancreatitis nursing care planwhat is normal hematocrit levelhow many bones in the vertebral columncanaliculi boneatomic radius period 3motility indole ornithine test resultsfunction of chromosomes in plant cellfunction of spindle fibresgland that secretes oxytocinabiotic factors in a tropical rainforestare proteins made up of nucleotidestonsils in lymphatic systemantigen challengeplant parenchymaamerican pageant aphistology of the nervous tissuean anticodon is _____pea plant traitswhat is in the left iliac region