Fundamental Concepts Chapter 11 & 12 quiz
The psychosocial stage of development in middle adulthood is
generativity vs. stagnation
The identity vs. role confusion stage occurs in
Intimacy vs. isolation occurs in
Which is a true statement about American family life in the past 50 years?
Health care advances contribute to longer life spans
A significant milestone signaling that a person is a young adult is:
Which change occurs during middle adulthood?
is the decreased flexibility of the eye lens which makes near vision more difficult
Physical growth of the brain peaks during
Muscles lose tone and elasticity during the
Dental maturity is achieved during
The average age of menopause is
A leading cause of death in the 50s and 60s is
To maintain or improve bone health in middle adult women should
Take Calcium - 1000 mg/day prior to menopause
Regular bone density screening is recommended at age
45 for women with a family history of osteoporosis
Obtaining vitamin D, not vitamin C, from sunlight or supplementation is important in
The theorist K. Warner Schaie called the young adult stage of cognitive development the
___________ called the young adult stage of cognitive development the achievement stage (needing to learn and successfully use your abilities). During the achievement stage, young adults are optimistic and strive to improve themselves through continual learning.
________ people have established a philosophy of life based on their own belief system and personal ethics
In what stage of prenatal development do the arm and leg buds appear?
Arm and leg buds appear in the ____________________during the embryonic stage
fifth week of prenatal development
Which theorist developed a theory about how children learn and stressed the principles of organization and adaptation
Erikson developed a theory of_____________development
______________ developed a psychoanalytic theory of personality development
________________________developed a theory of moral development.
What is the most important factor in maintaining a healthy pregnancy
Early and regular prenatal health care
What characteristics define a preterm baby?
Born before 37 weeks' gestation and weighs less than 5 pounds
According to Erikson, in which stage does a child know no fear and want to explore the world?
Industry vs. inferiority
According to Erikson, the initiative vs. guilt stage occurs between ________ years
3 to 6
The _______________stage occurs from 18 months to 3 years and independence is the focus
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
The ____________________stage occurs from middle to late childhood and the focus is on accomplishing things.
industry vs. inferiority
The ______________________stage occurs during adolescence, and in this stage, the adolescent struggles with the questions: Who am I? What will I do with my life?
identity vs. role confusion
According to Piaget, children ages 8 to 11 years are in which stage of cognitive development?
Concrete operational thought
________________________refers to ages 12 to 15 years and is when children learn to think abstractly
________________________occurs between 2 to 7 years and is marked by development of symbolic mental abilities
The ______________________ stage occurs from birth to 2 years and is when children recognize permanence of objects.
For adolescents, the primary psychosocial task is:
discovering their identity
Most important statement that is true regarding adolescent pregnancy
Younger mothers more often have premature babies with low birth weight. Often the adolescent mother does not continue her education. Adolescent pregnancy is a high-risk pregnancy
What are safety recommendations for infants and children?
Remove toxic plants from the home
Dress the child in flame-retardant sleepwear
Mark glass doors with decals
________ is characterized by binge eating followed by inducing vomiting or using laxatives to eliminate foods from the body.
Which is true regarding child development theorists
Kohlberg studied the moral development of children
Melissa brings her 9 month old baby into the clinic for a well-baby check. While gathering data, you notice that the baby appears to be communicating in two word sentences. Melissa affirms your observation when you ask her about her baby's language development. You inform Melissa that :
The baby's language development seems to be occurring more quickly than expected
When considering the principles of growth and development, remember that
although development occurs in an orderly sequence, the rate may vary between individuals
The purpose of play during infancy is to:
aid exploration of the environment
The single most important factor in maintaining a healthy pregnancy is:
Early and regular prenatal care
What is an example of an adolescent current trend?
Marty, a high school athlete, is taking his grandmother's Vicodin to self-treat a recent back injury.
Bonding is necessary for the child to develop:
A sense of trust
Parents of children ages 3 to 6 years may need guidance in
making the child feel secure when a newborn arrives
A parent who insists that the child stay in his room for the full 4 minute time out and then smiles and hugs the child when the time is up is showing a parenting style that is:
Growth and development should be monitored regularly for every child to
detect abnormal growth patterns so that early care and treatment of problems can begin.
An effective discipline measure for an adolescent is:
restricting social activities for a limited time
taking away the cell phone for 1 week
Egocentrism as a characteristic of adolescence is displayed by the teen thinking that
no one has ever experienced a big disappointment like what just happened to him
The adolescent who is thinking in logical and abstract ways as he completes a term paper shows
appropriate cognitive development
Types of families include nuclear, extended, step, blended, and partner. Because of the high incidence of divorce and remarriage, many more _____________ families have emerged
Young adults are likely to spend leisure time in activities that are:
Physically and mentally demanding and competitive
The cognitive development of young adults is aided by
Support of mentors to help identify goals and provide encouragement
Failure to develop through Erikson's state of young adulthood will cause the person to be
unable to form meaningful relationships.
Example that reflects successful resolution of Erikson's integrity verses despair developmental stage?
I am a gang member because they treat me like family.
What health screenings are most appropriate in the middle years of life?
When working with depressed middle aged adults, and following Erikson's theory, you encourage them to find meaning in life by:
Contributing to the development of younger people
A 58 year old man complains that he has difficulty remembering everything he wanted to buy when he gets to the store. Your best response would be
Forgetting some things is a common occurrence with aging
The psychosocial task of generativity refers to
assisting and guiding the next generation
Successful coping with midlife changes are likely when the individual
has a good support system