Medical Terminology Systems

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A Body System Approach
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1

Surgical Suffix for excision, removal?

-ectomy

2

Surgical Suffix for surgical puncture?

-centisis

3

Surgical suffix for crushing?

-tripsy

4

Surgical suffix for separation;destruction;loosening?

-lysis

5

Surgical suffix for to break; surgical fracture?

-clasis

6

Surgical suffix for fixation(of an organ)?

-pexy

7

Surgical suffix for suture?

-rrhaphy

8

Surgical suffix for surgical repair?

-plasty

9

Surgical suffix for forming and opening(mouth)?

-stomy

10

Surgical suffix for binding, fixation(of a bone or joint)?

-desis

11

Surgical suffix for instrument to cut?

-tome

12

Surgical suffix for incision?

-tomy

13

Diagnostic suffix for instrument for examining?

-scope

14

Diagnostic suffix for visual examination?

-scopy

15

Diagnostic suffix for instrument for recording?

-graph

16

Diagnostic suffix for process of recording?

-graphy

17

Diagnostic suffix for instrument for measuring?

-meter

18

Diagnostic suffix for act of measuring?

-metry

19

Diagnostic suffix for record, writing?

-gram

20

Pathologic suffix for pain?

-algia, -dynia

21

Pathologic suffix for formation,growth?

-plasia, -plasm

22

Pathologic suffix for forming, producing, origin?

-gen, -genesis

23

Pathologic suffix for bursting forth(of)?

-rrhage, -rrhagia

24

Pathologic suffix for swelling?

-edema

25

Pathologic suffix for hernia, swelling?

-cele

26

Pathologic suffix for stone, calculus?

-lith

27

Pathologic suffix for abnormal condition; increase(used primarily with blood cells)?

-osis

28

Pathologic suffix for involuntary contraction, twitching?

-spasm

29

Pathologic suffix for narrowing, stricture?

-stenosis

30

Pathologic suffix for discharge, flow?

-rrhea

31

Pathologic suffix for disease?

-pathy

32

Pathologic suffix for tumor?

-oma

33

Pathologic suffix for rupture?

-rrhexis

34

Pathologic suffix for inflammation?

-itis

35

Pathologic suffix for paralysis?

-plegia

36

Pathologic suffix for dilation, expansion?

-ectasis

37

Pathologic suffix for vomiting?

-emesis

38

Pathologic suffix for blood condition?

-emia

39

Pathologic suffix for abnormal condition(produced by something specified)?

-iasis

40

Medical word exercise

1. Crushing of a stone: lith/o/__________

2. Forming a new opening(mouth) in the colon: colon/o/___________

3. Excision, removal of the appendix: append/e/________

4. Disease of the joint(s): arthr/o/_________

5. Instrument to examine a joint: arthr/o/___________

1. -tripsy

2. -stomy

3. -tomy

4. -pathy

5. -scope

41

Medical word exercise.

6. Inflammation of the stomach:__________/__________

7. Surgical puncture of a joint:_____/o/__________

8. Suture of muscle(s):my/o/__________

9. Binding, fixation(of a joint):arthr/o/_________

1. Gastritis

2. Arthrocentisis

3. -rrhaphy

4. -desis

42

Medical word exercise:

10. Forming an opening(mouth) into the trachea:____/o/________

11. Instrument for recording the heart: cardi/o/_______

12. Record of electrical activity of the heart: electr/o/cardi/o/______

13. Pain of nerve:____________/_____________

10. tracheostomy

11. -graph

12. -gram

13. neuralgia

43

Medical word exercise:

14. Forming, producing, origin of cancer:

15. Softening of bone:

16. Abnormal condition of stones:

17. Hernia, swelling of the liver:

14. carcinogen or carcinogensis

15. osteomalacia

16. lithiasis

17. heptocele

44

Medical word exercise:

18. Swelling of a lymph gland:

19. Tumor composed of lymph tissue:

20. Bursting forth (of) blood:

18. lympyedema

19. lymphoma

20. hemorrhage

45

Greek roots are used to build words that describe?

diseases, conditions, treatments, or diagnoses.

46

Latin roots are used to build words that describe

anatomical structures.

47

A combining form is created when a word root is combined with a

Vowel

48

Combining vowel is usually

"o" or "i"

49

word element placed at the end of a word that changes the meaning of word.

suffix

50

word element at beginning that changes meaning

prefix

51

A combining form links one root to another root to form a

compound word

52

word roots:

Nephr-

Kidney

53

Word Roots:

Arthr-

Joint

54

Word Roots:

Dent-

Teeth

55

Word Roots:

Dermat-

Skin

56

Word Roots:

Gastr-

Stomach

57

Word Roots:

Enter-

Intestine

58

Word Roots:

Neuro-

Nerve

59

Word Roots:

ot-

Ear

60

Word Roots:

Splen-

Spleen

61

Word Roots:

Hyster-

uterus

62

Word Roots:

Hydr-

Water

63

Word Root:

Osteo-

Bone

64

Word Root:

chondr-

cartilage

65

Diacritical mark - is called

Macron, long sound of vowels

66

Diacritical mark ~ is called

Breve, short sound of vowels

67

Building medical words rule #1

A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel.

68

Building medical words rule #2

A combining form (root + o) links a suffix that begins with a consonant

69

Building medical words rule #3

combining form links one root to another root to form a Compound Word.

This rule holds true even if the second root begins with a vowel.

Osteoarthritis

70

How do you define a medical word.

1.Define suffix (last part of the word)

2.Define the first part (word root, prefix, CF)

  1. Define middle

Example: gastroenteritis = inflammation of stomach and intestine

71

Word Roots Greek and Latin:

Skin

Gr: dermat

L: cutis

72

Word roots Greed and Latin:

Kidney

GR: nephros

L: renes

73

Word roots Greek and Latin:

mouth

GR: stomatos

L: oris

74

combining forms:

eythr/o

red

75

combining forms:

gastr/o

stomach

76

combining forms:

hepat/o

liver

77

combining forms:

immun/o

immune, immunity, safe

78

combining forms:

nephr/o

kidney

79

combining forms:

oste/o

bone

80

combining form+ suffix:

gastr/itis

inflammation of the stomach

81

combining form + suffix:

gastr/o/megaly

enlargement of the stomach

82

combining form + suffix:

Gastr/oma

tumor of the stomach

83

combining form+suffix:

Hepat/itis

inflammation of the liver

84

combining form+suffix:

Hepat/o/megaly

enlargement of the liver

85

combining form+suffix:

hepat/oma

tumor of the liver

86

Prefix+word root+suffix:

an/esthes/ia

anesthesia, condition of not feeling

(an) without,not/esthes, feeling./ ia: condtion

87

Prefix+word root+suffix:

Hyper/therm/ia

Hyperthermia: condition of excessive heat

Hyper: (excessive,above normal);therm(heat); ia(condition)

88

Prefix+word root+suffix:

intra/muscal/ar

Intramuscular: pertaining to within a muscle

Intra:(in, within); muscal(muscle); ar(pertaining to)

89

Prefix+word root+suffix:

para/nas/al

Paranasal: pertaining to area near the nose

Para(near,beside;beyond); nas(nose); al(pertaining to)

90

Prefix+word root+suffix:

Poly/ur/ia

polyuria: condition of much urine

Poly(many,much); ur(urine); ia(condition)

91

Prefix+word root+suffix:

pre/nat/al

Prenatal: pertaining to the period before birth

Pre(before); nat(birth); al(pertaining to)

92

combining form+suffix:

Hepat/o/cyte

hepatocyte: liver cell

hepat(liver) o(combining vowel); cyte(cell)

93

Combining form+word root+suffix:

Oste/o/condr/itis

Osteocondritis: inflammation of bone and cartilage

94

Combining form+word root+suffix:

osteo/arthr/itis

Osteoarthritis: inflammation of bone and joint

95

The four elements used to form words are?

word root, combining form. suffix and prefix

96

T/F

A combining vowel is usually an e.

False: vowel is usually an "o"

97

T/F

A word root links a suffix that begins with a consonant?

False: a word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

98

T/F

A combining form links multiple roots to each other?

True

99

T/F

A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant?

True

100

T/F

To define a medical word,first define the prefix?

False: first define the suffix then the first part of the word then the middle.

101

T/F

In the term intramuscular, intra is the prefix?

True

102

Element+Suffix:

Hemat/emesis

Hematemesis: vomiting blood

hemat(blood); emesis(vomiting)

103

Combining forms:

gastr/o/dynia

gastrodynia: pain in the stomach

gastr(stomach); dynia(pain)

104

combining forms:

Hemat/o-logy

Hematology: study of blood

Hemat(blood); logy(study of)

105

combining forms:

arthr/o-centesis

arthrocentesis: surgical puncture of a joint

arthr(joint); centesis(surgical puntcure)

106

CF+WR+Suffix:

Gastr/o/enter-itis

Gastroenteritis: inflammation of stomach and intestines

Gastr(stomach); enter(intestines); itis(inflammation)

107

CF+WR+Suffix:

oste/o/arthr-itis

Osteoarthritis: inflammation of bone and joint

oste(bone); arthr(joint); itis(inflammation)

108

CF+WR+Suffix:

encephal/o/mening-itis

Encephalomeningitis: inflammation of the brain and meninges

Encephal(brain); mening(meninges); itis(inflammation)

109

Suffix for enlargement?

megaly

110

suffix for decrease, deficiency?

penia

111

suffix for fear?

phobia

112

suffix for prolapse, downward displacement?

ptosis

113

suffix for abnormal condition of hardening?

sclerosis

114

suffix for poison?

toxic

115

suffix for nourishment, development?

trophy

116

suffix adjective: -ac,-al,-ar,-ary,-eal,-ic,-ical,-ile,-ior,-ous,-tic mean?

pertaining to

117

suffix noun:-esis,-ia,-ism,-iatry,-ician,-ist mean?

condition

118

suffix diminutive: -icle,-ole,-ule mean?

small, minute

119

Incision of the perineum?

episiotomy

120

Excision of all or part to the colon?

colonectomy

121

surgical puncture of a joint?

arthrocentesis

122

Excision of the Spleen?

spleenectomy

123

Forming an opening into the colon?

colostomy

124

instrument to cut bone?

osteotome

125

incision to the tympanic membrane?

tympanotomy

126

excision of a breast?

mastectomy

127

incision to remove a stone or calculus?

lithotomy

128

excision of hemorrhoids?

hemorrhoidectomy

129

surgical repair of the nose?

rhinoplasty

130

surgical repair of the tendon?

tenoplasty

131

suture of a muscle?

myorraphy

132

fixation of a (pendulous) breast?

mastopexy

133

suture of the bladder?

cystorraphy

134

surgical fracture of a bone?

osteoclasis

135

crushing of a stone?

lithotripsy

136

separation of intestinal (adhesions)

enterolysis

137

crushing of a nerve?

neurotripsy

138

instrument to cut skin?

dermatome

139

fixation of the uterus?

hysteropexy

140

loosening to nerve (tissue):

neurolysis

141

dilation of a bronchus?

bronchiectasis

142

abnormal condition of the skin?

dermatosis

143

enlargement of the kidney?

nephromegaly

144

abnormal condition of a stone or calculus?

Lithiasis

145

paralysis affecting one side of the body?

hemiplegia

146

difficult or painful swallowing or eating?

dysphagia

147

without or absence of speech?

aphasia

148

white blood condition?

leukemia

149

deficiency in red blood cells?

erythropenia

150

measuring the pelvis?

pelvimetry

151

pain in the head; headache?

cephlodynia

152

twitching of the eyelid?

blepharospasm

153

excessive formation (of an organ or tissue)

hyperplasia or hypertrophy


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