ETHC 445 Final Exam Guide

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ETHC 445 Final Exam Guide

1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the patient’s direction reflects what type of ethics?

2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance?

3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of the hasty conclusions. Hasty conclusions consist of what?

4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language is commonly used in ethics for what reason?

5. (TCOs 7, 8) Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to promote what?

6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming social structures according to a social contract in order to overcome what problem identified by Thomas Hobbes?

7. (TCOs 3, 6) Agricultural biofuels are not properly a renewable source of energy in the environmental ethics debate. Which of the following also is not a renewable source of energy?

8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) The notion that the only thing good without qualification is a good will is attributed to whom?

9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is organized and directed toward following the greatest happiness principle?

10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Syllogisms in formal deductive logic are called “valid” when:

ETHC 445 Final Exam Guide


11. (TCOs 1, 2) When choosing one course of action while working with a dilemma, the other courses of action are lost and become unavailable. This makes ethical choices in dilemma situations particularly what?

12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the role of conscience as Thomas Aquinas sees it?

13. (TCOs 2, 8) The rule or principle to be applied in making decisions is an example of which kind of ethical discovery process?

14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5) The Social Contract theorist whose troubled childhood was most clearly reflected in his theories was who?

15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Kant’s concern that people choose to observe universal laws as their duty is expressed through what actions?

16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8) Aristotle’s Ethics of Virtue have found modern application for business and industry through what practice?

17. (TCOs 2, 8) Professional codes of conduct serve what function for business and industry?

18. (TCOs 2, 7) Aristotle’s Ethical Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale that included the virtue itself, the excess of it, and
the deficiency of it.
If the virtue is COURAGE and the deficiency is COWARDICE, what is the excess?

19. (TCOs 8, 9) In personal or organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a leader or consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6?

20. (TCOs 1, 2) The Latin term a priori describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally, and the term a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and experience. What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an a postiori manner?

ETHC 445 Final Exam Guide

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