Medical Term Chapter 8 and 9

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1

Gynecology

The medical specialty concerned with dianosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders

2

Gynecologist

A physician who specializes in gynecology

3

Obstetrics

the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth, included the study of female repro tract

4

Postpardum

period after birth

5

obstretician

a physician who specializes in obstetrics

6

neonatology

concentrates on the care of newborn and the diagnosis and treatment of their disorders

7

Urology

the branch of medicine concerned with disorders and care of the urinary tract in men and women

8

urologist

diagnose and treat disorders of the male reproductive system such as sexual dysfunction and infertility

9

amni/o

amniotic sac

10

amni/o/centesis

surgical puncture of the amniotic sac

11

cervic/o

neck, cervix uteri (next of the uterus)

12

ccerviv/itis

inflammation of the cervix uteri

13

colp/o

vagina

14

colp/o/scopy

examination of the vagina and cervic with an optical magnifying instrument (colpscope)

15

vagin/o/cele

herniation into the vagina, also called colpocele

16

galact/o

lact/o

milk/

17

galact/o/rrhea

discharge or flow of milk

18

lact/o/gen

production and secretion of milk

19

gynec/o

woman, female

20

gynec/o/logist

physician specializing in treating disorders of the female reproductive system

21

hyster/o

uter/o

womb

22

hyster/ectomy

excision of the uterus

23

uter/o/vagin/al

pertaining to the uterus and the vagina

24

mamm/o

mast/o

breat

25

mamm/o/gram

radiograph of the breast

26

mast/o/pexy

surgical fixation of the breast

27

men/o

menses, menstration

28

men/o/rrhagia

excessive amount of menstrual flow over a longer duration than normal

29

metr/o

uterus (womb)

measure

30

endo/metr/itis

inflammation of the endometrium

31

nat/o

birth

32

oophor/o

ovary

33

perine/o

perineum

34

salping/o

tube, usually fallopian or eustachian auditory tubes

35

vulv/o

episi/o

vulva

36

-arche

beginning

37

-gravida

pregnant women

38

-para

to bear

39

-salpinx

tube, usually fallopian or eustachian tubes

40

tocia

dys/tocia

childbirth or labor

a childbirth that is painful and difficult

41

-version

turning

42

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

43

andr/o

male

44

andr/o/gen

forming or producing male hormones

45

balan/o

...

46

gonad/o

gonads, sex glands

47

orch/o

orchi/o

orchid/o

test/o

testis

48

prostat/o

prostate gland

49

spermat/o

sperm/i

sperm/o

spermatozoa

sperm cells

50

varic/o

dilated vein

51

vas/o

vessel, vas deferens, duct

52

CS

cesarean section

53

OCP

oral contraceptive pill

54

D&C

dilation and curettage

55

PAP

papanicolaou test

56

Dx

diagnosis

57

Para 1, 2, 3

unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)

58

G

gravida (pregnant

59

GYN

gynecology

60

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

61

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

62

TAH

Tatal abdominal hysterectomy

63

IVF

in vitro fertilization

64

TRAM

transverse rectus abdominis muscle

65

LMP

last menstrual period

66

TSS

toxic shock syndrome

67

OB

obstetrics

68

TVH

total vaginal hysterectomy

69

OB-GYN

obstetrics and gynecology

70

BPH

benign prostatis hyperplasia

71

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

72

DRE

digital rectal exam

73

TRUS

transrectal ultrasonography

74

GC

gonorrhea

75

HPV

human paillomavirus

76

VD

veneral disease

77

candidiasis

vaginal fundal nfection caused by candida albicans

(curd, cheeselike discharge with extreme itching.)

78

cerebr/o

cerebellum

79

gli/o

glue, neurological tissue

80

mening/o

meningi/o

meninges

81

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

82

neur/o

nerve

83

-paresis

partial paralysis

84

-phasia

speech

85

-plegia

paralysis

86

addison disease

rare chronic disorder caused by defiency of cortical hormones

87

cushing syndrome

cluster of symptoms caused by excessive amounts of cortisol or ACTH circulating in the blood

88

diabetes mellitus

chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbs, protein and fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insult

89

type 1

Due to the failure of the pancreas to produce insulin

90

type 2

bodys deficiency in producing ENOUGH insulin or resistance to the action of insulin by the bodys cells

91

Graves disease

multisystem autoimmune disorder that involves growth of the thyroid asso. with hypersecretion of thyroxine

92

insulinoma

tumor of islets of langerhans, pancreatic tumor

93

myxedema

advanced form of hypothyroidism in adults that results from hypofunction of the thyroid gland and effects body fluids, causing edema

94

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

95

panhypopitutarism

total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormone activity

96

pheochromocytoma

rare adrenal gland tumor that causes excessive release of epinephrine and norepi and indices severe blood pressure elevation

97

alzheimers disease

chronic. organic mental disorder that is progressive in form of presenile dementia caused by atrophy of the frontal and occipital lobes of the brain

98

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

degenerative disorder in which the progressive loss of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem leads to muscle weakness and paralysis

99

epilepsy

neurological disorder in which the nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing a seizure, including loss of consciousness

100

Huntington chorea

Hereditary nervous disorder caused by progressive loss of brain cells, leading to bizarre, involuntary, dancelike movements

101

multiple sclerosis

progressive degeneration disease of the CNS characterized by inflammation, hardening and loss of myelin throughout the spinal cord and brain which produces weakness and other muscle symptoms

102

neuroblastoma

malignant tumor composed principally of cells resembling neuroblasts, most commonly occurs in infants and children

103

Palsy

partial or complete loss of motor function

104

bell palsy

facial paralysis on one side of the face because of inflammation of a facial nerve most likely caused by a viral infection

105

cerebral palsy

bilateral, symmetrical, nonprogressive motor dysfunction and partial paralysis which is usually caused by damage to the cerebrum during gestation or birth trauma but can also be hereditary.

106

paralysis

loss of voluntary motion due to an inability to contract or more more muscles

107

paraplegia

paralysis in the lower portion of the body and both legs

108

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four extremities and usually the trunk


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