-Friction from the subducting Philippine plate under the Eurasian plate causes frequent volcanoes and earthquakes
-On 17th Jan 1997, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake travelled along the Median fault line from Awaji Island
What were the primary effects?
-130km of bullet train line was destroyed
-Nearly 200,000 buildings destroyed
What were the secondary effects?
-Fires caused by broken gas pipes destroyed another 7500 homes
-Roads were at gridlock, delaying emergency services
-Estimate 230,000 became homeless
-Industries like Panasonic were forced to close
What were the immediate responses?
-The government evacuated people into temporary shelters due to risk of fires and collapsing buildings
-Bulldozers were brought in to clear fallen buildings
-Search and rescue by local emergency units
-Distribution of tents, blankets, food and water by disaster relief organizations
What were the long-term responses?
-By July 1995 electricity, gas and telephones services were operational
-By January 1999, 134,000 homes were constructed
-New, stricter laws were on the earthquake proofing of houses
-Better more accurate earthquake prediction tools were brought in for future earthquakes