Earthquake Case Study: Sichuan (LEDC)
What are the key location descriptions of Sichuan?
-Resting in the southern part of China
-Between Eurasian and Indian Plate
-Resting on the Longmen Shan fault
When did the earthquake happen?
12th May 2008
What caused the Sichuan earthquake?
-The Eurasian and Indian plate collided together triggered a magnitude 7.9 earthquake
-The shock waves travelled down the Longmenshan Fault Line, flattening the city of Chengdu and the surroundings towns and villages
What were the primary effects?
-69000 people dead
-In beichuan country, 80% of all buildings collapsed
-4 million homes and buildings were destroyed
What were the secondary effects?
-Landslides block roads and rivers
-Survivors have little to no access to clean water, food and shelter
-Blocked roads delayed emergency services
-The news of 50,000 children killed due to shoddy school construction shocks the public and the local government is to blame
What were the immediate responses?
-Clearing debris off roads to allow supplies and aid to enter
-Volunteers searched for survivors with their bare hands
-Red Cross and Red Crescent were sent in to aid in treating the injured
-Survivors are relocated to a safer place and rations of 500 yuan and 10g of food per person was given
What were the long term responses?
-The government plans to spend 146 billion dollars of recovery efforts
-The implementation of more stable and sturdy building structure
-Donations from home and abroad reached $5.38 billion three weeks after the quake
- Basic education on how to act during an earthquake