What do we mean when we say that something is normative?
What are two things normative does?
Define Moral Claim and give an example
What is the difference between moral value claim and moral prescriptive claim.
Define descriptive claims and give an example
Define prudential claims and give an example
Define etiquette claims and give an example
Define Moral principle and give an example
Explain what it means to say that moral claims are universalizing and overriding, and what is an example of this
Identify the ethical theory of emotivism and explain its formulation by David Hume
Do you agree or disagree with the notion that humans always do what they desire, and that they have an inherent sympathy for others.
Define values and explain what is meant my the claim that values are overriding.
define instrumental values and give an example
define fundamental value and give an example
what do ethical theories commonly do?
What is the difference between ethical theories that appeal to fundamental moral values and ethical theories that appeal to fundamental nonmoral values.
What do we mean we say a person is autonomous?
What are the three conditions for one to be considered autonomous.
Explain moral responsibility
Explain and give an example of moral incompetent.
Explain and give an example of paternalism
Define moral agent
Define moral agency
What are three levels of moral agency? define and give example of each
1. Independent choice: no real deliberation
and not authentic assessment of one's values
ex. What to eat for breakfast
2. Competent Choice: moral agency at a much higher level than at the level of independent choice, competent decisions not made lightly, but involve deliberation.
ex. someone going into business because he hopes to enjoy good earnings
3. Authentic Choice: highest level of moral agency, requires all three autonomous conditions, (1) making ind. choice (2) making competent choice (3) authentically assessing values, highest degree of moral responsibility
Jean-Paul sartre's argument for value-free autonomy
What does Sartre mean when he says "existence precedes essence" by context, fundamental project, and envision individual responsibility?
What is a moral standard?
define popular relativism
What are Rachel three universal moral values found in every human society
what is the difference between moral principle and moral judgment