nursing 1 prep U

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the point - taylor
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1

Which model is most useful in examining the cause of disease in an individual and is based upon external factors?

a) The High-Level Wellness Model
b) The Health Belief Model
c) The Agent-Host-Environment Model
d) The Health-Illness Continuum

c) The Agent-Host-Environment Model

The Agent-Host-Environment Model is useful for examining the cause of disease in an individual. The agent, host, and environment interact in ways that create risk factors. The Health-Illness Continuum is a way to measure a person's level of health. The High-Level Wellness Model is characterized by functioning to one's maximum potential while maintaining balance and purposeful direction in the environment. The Health Belief Model is used to describe health behaviors.

2

The nurse is preparing to talk to a local community group regarding chronic illness. The nurse informs the group that both external and internal factors influence a person's health. When discussing the fact that the male client has a higher chance of developing lung cancer due to his gender, which of the following dimensions is the nurse referring to?

a) Intellectual dimension
b) Emotional dimension
c) Physical dimension
d) Environmental dimension

c) Physical dimension

3

The nurse's community outreach class is giving a presentation on seat belts and child safety seats at the local firehouse every weekend in October. What level(s) of health promotion is this an example of?

a) Medical
b) Secondary
c) Tertiary
d) Primary

d) Primary

4

The definition of chronic conditions can be complex. Which factors would you expect to be included in the definition of chronic conditions? Mark all that apply.

• Diseases where complete cures are rare.
• Diseases that do not resolve spontaneously.
• Diseases that have a prolonged course

5

An exacerbation refers to the reactivation of a disease. Which of the following conditions is associated with exacerbation?

a) Chronic illness
b) Hereditary illness
c) Acute illness
d) Congenital illness

A) Chronic illness

6

A client says to the nurse, “Why don't you wear a white cap like nurses do on the soap operas?” This is an ethnocentric statement based on the:

a) genetics.
b) past history.
c) nursing personality.
d) media.

d) media.

7

A Malaysian client is admitted to the health care facility with complaints of cramping pain in the abdomen and loose stools. Where should the nurse be seated when interviewing the client?

a) In one corner of the room
b) At more than one arm's distance
c) Alongside the client
d) Behind the client

b) At more than one arm's distance

8

Which of the following nursing actions displays linguistic competence?

a) Learning pertinent words and phrases in the client's language
b) Repeating English statements to a client who speaks Spanish
c) Asking a family member to translate for a Spanish-speaking client
d) Speaking loudly to a client who speaks no English

a) Learning pertinent words and phrases in the client's language

9

Which of the following is a cultural norm of the health care system?

There is the use of a systematic approach and problem-solving methodology.

Cultural norms of the health care system include the use of a systematic approach and problem-solving methodology; the omnipotence of technology; the dislike of tardiness, disorder ... (more)

Taylor, C., et al. Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015, Chapter 5: Cultural Diversity, p. 82.
Chapter 5: Cultural Diversity - Page 82

10

A new client comes to the primary care clinic and asks for help treating head lice. The nurse assesses that the client lives in low-income housing, and nine other people live with her in a one-bedroom apartment. Which of the following is a primary nursing concern?

The client receives government assistance.

The client does not have running water.
The priority in this poverty situation is the lack of running water. The already challenging task of eradicating head lice in a crowded living space is worsened by the lack of runn ... (more)

Taylor, C. R. Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015, Chapter 5: Cultural Diversity, p. 80.
Chapter 5: Cultural Diversity - Page 80

11

A client has smoked most of his life and has labored respiration's.

He is experiencing:
Dyspnea

Dyspnea describes respirations that require excessive effort.
Taylor, C., et al. Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015, Chapter 24: Vital Signs, p. 594.
Chapter 24: Vital Signs - Page 594

12

A nurse is assessing an apical pulse on a cardiac client. The client is taking digoxin, which is a cardiac medication. The nurse can anticipate that the digoxin will do what?

Decrease the apical pulse.

Some cardiac medications, such as digoxin, whose action is specific to the work of the heart, slow the heart rate while also strengthening the force of contraction

Taylor, C.R. Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015, Chapter 24: Vital Signs, p. 589.
Chapter 24: Vital Signs - Page 589

13

A nurse needs to measure the blood pressure of a client who has just undergone a bilateral mastectomy. How should the nurse measure the blood pressure?

Over the client's thigh

The nurse should measure the blood pressure over the client's thigh or the popliteal artery behind the knee. It is inadvisable following a mastectomy to assess blood pressure at th ... (more)

Taylor, C., et al. Fundamentals of Nursing, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015, Chapter 24: Vital Signs, p. 598.
Chapter 24: Vital Signs - Page 598


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