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Body Cavities

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Ventral Body Cavity

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Composed of the superior thoracic cavity, and inferior abdominopelvic cavity. The dome-shaped diaphragm separates the two.


Thoracic Cavity

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Separated from the rest of the ventral cavity by the diaphragm; contains the heart and lungs.


Pericardial Cavity

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Located within the thoracic cavity; contains the heart.


Pleural Cavity

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Located within the thoracic cavity; contains the lungs.


Abdominopelvic Cavity

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Located within the ventral body cavity, inferior to the diaphragm. Sometimes separated into two areas: abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity


Abdominal Cavity

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The area that houses the stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs.


Pelvic Cavity

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The region that is partially enclosed by the bony pelvis and contains the reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum.


Dorsal Body Cavity

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Subdivided into the cranial and vertebral cavity


Cranial Cavity

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Lies within the rigid skull and encases the brain


Vertebral (Spinal) Cavity

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Runs through the bony vertebral column to enclose the delicate spinal cord


Nasal Cavity

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Located within and posterior to the nose; part of the passages of the respiratory system.


Oral Cavity

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Commonly called the mouth; contains the tongue and teeth.


Orbital Cavity

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House the eyes and present them in an anterior position.


Middle Ear Cavity

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Lies jus medial to an eardrum and is cared into the bony skull. Contains tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the hearing receptors in the inner ears.


Synovial Cavity

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Joint cavities - they are enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body, such as those between the vertebrae, knee, and hip joints.

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