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1. Which of the following was a major economic argument for expansion?

a. The United States needed new markets for its goods.

b. Many United States industries were short of labor.

c. Foreign goods were often superior to American products.

d. American needed the respect of foreign countries.



2. Which of the following demonstrated enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine?

a. The United States convinced Japan to open trade relations.

b. The United States allowed Hawaiians to import sugar duty-free.

c. The United States insisted that Great Britain should submit a boundary dispute with Venezuela to arbitration.

d. The United States competed against France and Britain for Asian markets.



3. Which event lead to the Spanish-American War?

a. Cubans rebelled against Spanish rule.

b. The United States annexed Cuba.

c. Spain destroyed American-owned sugar plantations in Cuba.

d. The Spanish navy sank two American ships in the Pacific.



4. Which was a result of the Spanish-American War?

a. Cuba became a Spanish protectorate.

b. Puerto Rico and Guam were made unincorporated U.S. territories.

c. Spain admitted it had blown up Maine.

d. The Philippines won independence from foreign rule.



5. Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States?

a. It gave the United States territory in China.

b. It gave the United States access to millions of consumers in China.

c. It increased Chinese investments in the United States.

d. It kept European goods out of China.



6. Why did many of Roosevelt's opponents disapprove of his actions in Panama?

a. They thought that Roosevelt paid too much money to lease the Canal Zone.

b. They thought that Roosevelt gave Panama too much control over the canal.

c. They though the canal was completely unnecessary,

d. They opposed Roosevelt's involvement in the Panamanian revolt.



7. What was the central message of the Roosevelt Corollary?

a. United States territories could not enter any foreign agreements.

b. United States territories would remain unincorporated.

c. The United States would use force to prevent intervention in the affairs of neighboring countries.

d. The United States would support only those revolutionary movements that promoted democratic principles.



8. What connection was made between imperialism and the American frontier?

a. Imperialism would help close the frontier.

b. Closing the frontier would spur competition.

c. Imperialism would offer Americans a new frontier.

d. Imperialism would make the world more like the United States.



9. As a result of the Spanish-American War,

a. Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States.

b. Cuba was divided into spheres of influence.

c. the Philippines became a Spanish colony,

d. the United States gained rights to the Panama Canal.



10. The building of the Panama Canal was important because it

a. helped stabilize the economies of Latin America countries.

b. improved relations between Colombia and the Untied States.

c. facilitate movement between Atlantic and Pacific ports.

d. promoted European investment in the United States.



11. To support their view, anti-imperialists argued that

a. imperialism would reduce U.S. military forces.

b. the United States should get more involved in foreign affairs.

c. imperialism rejected the American ideal of "liberty for all."

d. imperialism would make the United States more admired in the world.



12. The banana republics of Central America were

a. controlled by American business interests.

b. annexed by the United States in 1867.

c. popular with American tourists.

d. invaded by several European nations in the late 1800s.



13. The first action of the Spain-American War took place in

a. the Philippines

b. the Gulf of Mexico

c. the harboring at Santiago, Cuba

d. Puerto Rico



14. As a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the United States gained

a. Honduras, Colombia, and Cuba.

b. the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

c. Mexico, Venezuela, and Chile.

d. Samoa, the Philippines, and Hawaii.



15. The United States annexed Hawaii because

a. Queen Liliuokalani executed several foreign merchants.

b. the United States needed naval stations in the Pacific.

c. Hawaiians requested American protection.

d. the Boxers started a rebellion.



16. Among Latin Americans, United States actions related to the Panama Canal created

a. hope for the prosperous future,

b. ill will towards the United States.

c. calls for Roosevelt's impeachment.

d. a long-lasting economic crisis.



17. President Roosevelt threatened to use the United States Navy to

a. maintain stability in neighboring countries.

b. acquire new territories.

c. protect American interests in Europe.

d. build the Panama Canal



18. Roosevelt feared that the war between Japan and Russia would close

a. close the door to U.S. trade with China.

b. end American control in Manchuria.

c. cause an American economic crisis.

d. upset the balance of power in Asia.



19. President Taft was known for a foreign policy based on

a. military intervention.

b. economic investment.

c. land concessions.

d. humanitarian projects.



20. Both Roosevelt and Taft wanted to maintain

a. French control of Panama.

b. an "open door" to trade with Asia.

c. an aggressive foreign policy.

d. an American army in Saint Domingo.



21. The cruise of the Great White Fleet showed that

a. the Atlantic could be crossed safely.

b. Great Britain was a second-rate power.

c. Taft's foreign policy worked.

d. the United States was a naval power.



22. In the late 1800s, journalists Henry George and Edward Bellamy both

a. discouraged single-tax speculation.

b. wrote about ideas for reforming society.

c. promoted plans to increase free enterprise profits.

d. warned Americans about the pace of industrialization.



23. Most Progressives agreed that the gov. should

a. nationalize industries.

b. abolish home rule in cities and states.

c. protect workers and help the poor.

d. outlaw unions.



24. The efforts of Florence Kelley convinced many states to abolish

a. child labor.

b. direct primaries.

c. minimum wage legislation.

d. single-tax colonies.



25. Municipal reformers aimed to

a. solve rural problems.

b. end gov. corruption.

c. increase immigrant rights.

d. curb union power.



26. President Roosevelt's Progressive record included all of the following except

a. conservation of forest land.

b. the break-up of several trusts deemed harmful to the public.

c. regulation of food and drugs.

d. establishment of the Federal Reserve System.



27. Woodrow Wilison won the presidential election of 1912, partly due to

a. Taft's decision not to run for the second term.

b. the fact that he was the only candidate with a reform platform.

c. a split in the Republican vote.

d. the lack of competition.



28. President Wilson established the Federal Reserve System to

a. recognize the federal banking system.

b. enforce the Clayton Antitrust Act.

c. make federal loans available to farmers.

d. end child labor in all states.



29. A basic anti-suffrage argument was that women would

a. prevent prohibition.

b. fail to exercise their voting rights.

c. become too masculine.

d. refuse to pay taxes.



30. Progressivism was halted by

a. the efforts of the NAACP.

b. World War I.

c. the repeal of the prohibition amendment.

d. the victory of the Bull Moose Party.



31. In 1906, Upton Sinclair's novel entitled The Jungle exposed dangerous workplace conditions

a. in the meatpacking industry,

b. for women in the garment industry.

c. for children working long hours.

d. for miners in West Virginia and Colorado.



32. Journalists known as muckrakers worked at

a. praising gov. policies.

b. exposing political and business corruption.

c. attacking the ideas of socialists.

d. opposing gov. regulation of business.



33. One goal that the Progressives did not seek was

a. the moral improvement of society.

b. the reduction of gov. corruption.

c. a ban on strikes.

d. child labor laws.



34. Which event sparked World War I?

a. The sinking of the Lusitania.

b. The German-French dispute over Alsace-Lorraine.

c. Russia's quest for a warm-water port.

d. The assassination of their heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.



35. Which of the following best describes the first few years of World War I?

a. Both sides were locked in a stalemate.

b. The Central Powers had conquered most of Europe.

c. Victory for the Allies seemed to be coming soon.

d. There was little actual fighting.



36. Which of the following was a major factor in the decision of the United States' entering World War I?

a. Britain's naval blockade of Germany,

b. Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare.

c. Vladimir Lenin's rise to power in Russia.

d. France's fall to the Central Powers.



37. What was the purpose of the convoy system?

a. To hire workers for war factories.

b. To place women in the workforce.

c. To transport troops safely across the Atlantic.

d. To drop bombs on the enemy.



38. Which was true of African Americans during World War I?

a. Almost as many African Americans served in the war.

b. African American troops were not allowed to serve in the war.

c. African American troops were usually reserved for battle.

d. African American troops were segregated and rarely allowed to fight.



39. What role did the federal gov. play in the economy during the war?

a. The gov. gave industries more economic freedom.

b. The gov. lowered taxes to promote economic growth.

c. The gov. stripped the corporate world of its power.

d. The gov. regulated the production of war goods.



40. Which best describes the Great Migration?

a. The increase in European immigration during World War I.

b. The movement of African Americans to northern cities.

c. The movement of women into jobs formerly held by men.

d. The progress of Allied troops in France.



41. Why did the "irreconcilable" senators oppose the Versailles Treaty?

a. Thye did not want the United States to join the League of Nations.

b. They wanted harsher terms for Germany.

c. They believed the treaty violated the Fourteen Points.

d. They opposed reparations for the Allies.



42. After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917,

a. Germany surrendered.

b. the Allies declared war on Russia.

c. the United States entered the war.

d. Russia withdrew from the war.



43. Fears of spies and sabotage in the United States during the war led to

a. restrictions on immigration.

b. discrimination and violence toward Germans.

c. repression of free speech.

d. all of the above.



44. Becuase generals were not used to the killing power of modern weapons, they

a. overused them at first.

b. rarely kept their troops in defensive.

c. relied on old-fashioned guns.

d. kept giving the order to attack.



45. Under the terms of the peace treaty, Germany had to

a. give its colonies independence.

b. pay reparations to the Allies.

c. break up Czechoslovakia.

d. give its tanks and artillery to France.



46. Though relatively few in number, flappers represented

a. a sign of social stability.

b. women's desire to break with the past.

c. women's desire to return to the past.

d. the significant impact of women on national elections.



48. One major demographic shift of the 1920s was the movement of

a. large numbers of Americans to the suburbs.

b. large numbers of Americans from the North to the South.

c. French-speaking Canadians into barrios.

d. Mexican workers to New England.



48. The rapid development of the mass media during the 1920s

a. promoted a mass migration to rural areas.

b. encouraged Americans to work longer hours.

c. promoted the creation of a national culture.

d. simplified life for most Americans.



49. One result of Prohibition during the 1920s was

a. an increase in alcoholism.

b. a decline in dancing and socializing.

c. the rise of organized crime.

d. the creation of urban artistic colonies.



50. Marcus Garvey led a movement to

a. segregate African Americans in northern cities.

b. build up African American self-respect and economic power.

c. unionize African American workers.

d. create new African American homelands in the Caribbean islands.



51. How did life change for American women in the 1920s?

a. Many women felt freer to experiment with bolder styles and manners.

b. Married women found it much easier to balance careers and family life.

c. Most women grew long hair and stopped using makeup.

d. Women began to dominate the workforce, often taking leadership positions.



52. Why did many Americans become fascinated with heroes in the 1920s?

a. They longed to return to the days of World War I.

b. Thye longed for symbols of old-fashioned virtues.

c. .They had little leisure time to pursue their own interests.

d. They objected to being reminded of basic American ideals.



53. Why did some states ban the teaching of evolution in the schools?

a. The theory challenged scientific beliefs.

b. The theory appeared to violate the Constitution.

c. The theory seemed to contradict the Bible's account of creation.

d. The theory was unknown to most teachers.



54. In the 1920s, the status of women in the workplace

a. improved greatly.

b. became even worse than before the war.

c. changed very little.

d. was better than the status of me.



55. African Americans migrated north in the early 1900s mainly because of

a. offers of free land.

b. the climate.

c. an industrial boom.

d. a widespread business slowdown.



56. After immigration laws were tightened, many low-paying jobs went to

a. union laborers.

b. migrants from the western states.

c. married women.

d. immigrants from Canada and Mexico.



57. In the 1920s, trolleys to the suburbs were largely replaced by

a. horse-drawn carriages.

b. subways.

c. buses.

d. taxis.



58. The big change in movies in the late 1920s was

a. the introduction of color.

b. the use of advertising posters.

c. the rise of vaudeville.

d. the introduction of sound.



59. The small town, the medical business, and dishonest ministers were all targets of novelist

a. Duke Ellington.

b. Sinclair Lewis.

c. Langston Hughes.

d. William Randolph Hearst.



60. Some members of the Lost Generation

a. wrote in praise of capitalism.

b. left Greenwich Villiage to live out West.

c. created famous "jazz paintings."

d. left the country to live in Paris.



61. What did Marcus Garvey urge African Americans to do?

a. Return to Africa.

b. Join the NAACP.

c. Study fundamentalism.

d. Take up arms against the new Klan.



62. One group that suffered economically during the 1920s was the

a. miners.

b. farmers.

c. publishers.

d. sports heroes.



63. At first, some women did not exercise their newly won right to vote because

a. they did not feel comfortable voting.

b. they could not leave their children and go to the polls.

c. their families discouraged them from voting.

d. all of the above.



64. Why did many Americans dear Vladimir I. Lenin and his followers, the Bolsheviks?

a. They promoted a system that was hostile to American values.

b. They refused to pay back Russia's monarchy.

d. They had encouraged other nations to reject socialism.



65. Which caused labor unrest in the United States after World War I?

a. International trade collapsed.

b. The cost of living rose significantly.

c. Returning veterans refused to work in low-paying factory jobs.

d. Consumer demand outstripped factory production.



66. How did installment plans affect the American economy in the 1920s?

a. They led to a sharp decline in average wages.

b. They inspired Americans to cut back on luxury items.

c. They fueled the growth of the consumer economy.

d. They reinforced the demand for lower tariffs.



67. Many Americans believed that Sacco and Vanzetti were executed because they were

a. subversives trying to overthrow the gov.

b. Communist agitators who helped organize strikes.

c. responsible for setting off bombs that damaged A. Mitchell Palmer's home.

d. immigrants with radical beliefs during the red scare.



68. The passage of the Fordney-McCumber Tariff, which raised import taxes to very high levels,

a. upset the balance of trade with European countries.

b. hurt both U.S. industry and European nations needing to pay back war debts.

c. was part of the U.S. policy of disarmament after World War i.

d. none of the above.



69. The industry that did the most to boost other industries in the 1920s was

a. aviation.

b. oil refining.

c. automobile making.

d. steel production.



70. Uneven prosperity, personal debt, and overproduction were all warning signs of an unsound economy. Another danger sign was

a. welfare capitalism.

b. frequent strikes by unions.

c. isolationism.

d. stock market speculation.



71. Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally

a. worried that the stock market would crash.

b. confident that business would bring continued prosperity.

c. delighted that wealth was evenly distributed.

d. concerned with economic danger signs.



72. One sign that the economy might be weakening in the 1920s was

a. uneven distribution of national wealth.

b. underproduction of consumer goods.

c. an increase in personal savings.

d. the collapse of large corporations.



73,. When the Dow Jones Industrial Average began to drop sharply in late October 1929,

a. investors bought record shares of stock.

b. bankers pardoned personal loans and mortgages.

c. President Hoover warned Americans to stop investing.

d. investors raced to get their money out of the stock market.



74. European economies were hurt during the Depression when

a. President Hoover pardoned war debts.

b. Congress lowered tariffs.

c. United States companies stopped investing in Germany.

d. the United States increased its exports.



75. A major environmental crisis of the 1930s was known as

a. the Dust Bowl.

b. the Grapes of Wreath.

c. Black Tuesday.

d. the Great Crash.



76. During the Depression, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans

a. made great strides in equal rights legislation.

b. often lost jobs to white laborers.

c. were less affected that other groups.

d. were encouraged to start their own businesses.



77. In 1933, the Twenty-first Amendment brought an end to

a. Prohibition.

b. stock speculation.

c. the Depression.

d. the United States Communist Party.



78. The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed

a. presidential elections.

b. the Bill of Rights.

c. the responsibilities of the federal gov.

d. local relief programs and private charities.



79. Which groups faced hard times during much of the 1920s?

a. urban bankers.

b. farmers.

c. small investors.

d. owners of large corporations.



80. What was one effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930s?

a. The divorce rate nearly tripled.

b. Banks pardoned thousands of farm mortgages.

c. Hoovervilles sprang up in the nation's cities.

d. Most industries gave top jobs to married women.



81. President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was

a. encouraging massive gov. spending.

b. lowering import duties,

c. setting up federal relief programs.

d. encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector.


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