identify the main organs of the cardiovascular system
list the four chambers of the heart plus their separating septa
understand direction of blood flow in heart
difference between pulmonary circuit and systematic circuit of blood
describe pericardial sac and its functions
what is pericardial cavity? is it air or fluid filled?
be able to label the atria, auricles, ventricles, IVC, SVC, ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins on a diagram
understand the epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium
which ventricle does blood from the right atrium flow into?
what are trabeculae carnae? are they present in both the left and right ventricles?
what is any one function of the moderator band?
what is the role of chordae tendinae and papillary muscles? (these are present in both ventricles)
through which valve does blood from the right ventricle pass to get into the pulmonary trunk?
what is the destination of blood that leave the right ventricle?
blood draining into the left atrium is draining from which organ?
what valve does blood from the left atrium pass through to get to the left ventricle? why is it called bicuspid
why is the left ventricular myocardium thicker than the right ventricular myocardium?
when do the sinuses of the semilunar valves fill with blood? is it in diastole or systole?
when do the coronary arteries get their blood from the aortic semilunar sinuses? is it diastole or systole?
the heart receives autonomic nervous system fibers. the heart electrical system is capable of autonomous function. these nerves only modulate the hearts intrinsic electrical system
label left corornary artery, anterior interventricular artery, circumflex artery and left marginal artery
what is the corornary sinus? which heart chamber does it drain into?
what is the function of the cardiac conduction system?
what structures make up the conduction system?
what is systole? what is diastole?
what is auscultation? what are the auscultation points of the valves of the heart?
distinguish blood vessels from the pulmonary and systematic circuits
what function defines an artery?
what function defines a vein?
identify the main differences in anatomy of the various blood vessel types
why do you think smooth muscle is important in blood vessel walls?
what is vasa vasorum?
what structure is present in veins that is absent in arteries, arterioles and venules?
why are valves important in veins?
plasma is what percent of body volume...while cells are what percent of blood volume?
what is the difference between serum and plasma?
each hemoglobin consists of 4 what and 4 what transporting carbon dioxide and oxygen respectively
what is the difference between granulocytes and agranulocytes?
what is the difference between mononuclear and polymorphonuclear WBCs?
which type of wbc is involved in cell mediation immunity antibody mediated immunity?
which type of wbc is very rare, has numerous purplish granules and is involved in mediation of allergic responses....it is?
this wbc has neutral granules, is the most common wbc (70%) and the first responder inflammatory response. it is?
what is the pH of blood? does that mean it is near neutral, acidic or alkaline
what is hematocrit? would your hematocrit increase if you moved from Charleston SC to Aspen CO? Aspen is a higher altitude
what is the difference between hematopoiesis and erythropoiesis?
what is the difference in red bone marrow distribution between adults and infants?
what protein is produced by the kidneys in response to decrease renal blood oxygen content?
From which ventricle does blood leave for the pulmonary circuit. Through which valve and by which blood vessel does this blood get leave the heart for the lungs.
Which blood vessels deliver oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium?
Where (in relation to the aortic semilunar valves) do the coronary arteries come off the aorta?
What are the three blood vessels that come off of the aortic arch?
In general, what structures are served blood by the external carotid arteries
The descending thoracic aorta runs from the aortic arch to the diaphragm. In many texts, this part of the descending aorta is simply called the thoracic aorta
The thoracic aorta crosses the …………………..and is then referred to as become the descending abdominal aorta (OR simply as the abdominal aorta)
What are the three branches of the celiac trunk?-What do they supply?
The superior mesenteric supplies 90 percent of the …………………intestines and about 50 percent of the …………………………………intestine
At the level of L4/L5 the abdominal aorta divides into what two arteries?
Each of these divides into a) ……………… artery that sends blood to the pelvis, and b) an external iliac artery. that sends blood to the lower limb.
The last artery in item above crosses the body wall to become the ……………………………..artery on the medial aspect of the upper thigh
The femoral artery runs down the medial aspect of the thigh, then becomes posterior at the knee joint, where it is called the …………… artery.
Just below the knee, the ……………… artery divides into an anterior tibial artery and a……………….. artery. The ……………….. gives off a lateral branch called the ……………… artery.
The posterior tibial artery runs down the medial side of the ankle to end up as the deep plantar arch. The anterior tibial crosses the ankle as the “dorsal pedal” artery to supply the dorsal surface of the foot. The fibular artery runs down the lateral edge of the foot…see slides 47, 48 and 49
What three veins come together to form the Hepatic portal vein?
What are the three components of the lymphoid system
Are lymphatic capillaries smaller or larger than blood vascular capillaries. Are they more or less permeable?
how are lymphatic collecting vessels similar to veins
Give an example of tissue without lymphatic vessels. What is a lacteal
What are primary and secondary lymphoid organs?
What are the functions of lymph nodes. Name two other cell types, apart from lymphocytes, that are present in lymph nodes?. Do not memorize 18-11 .Simply understand the organization of a lymph node and the flow of lymph through it.
What is one function of spleen (18-30)? Be able to locate spleen (18-29)
What is the function of thymus? Is it fully present in the adult? Can you recognize it 18-33