Medication List Pharmacology Chapter 9 (Nicola)

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1

Generic Name: bupivacaine
Classification: Numbing & anesthesia

Trade Name: Marcaine/Sensorcaine
Description: Local anesthetic for numbing -
6-8 hours pain control

2

Generic Name: epinephrine
Classification: Adrenergic

Trade Name: Epinephrine
Adrenaline
Increases blood pressure
Constricts Vessels
Dilates Bronchioles

3

Generic Name: lidocaine
Classification: Antiarrhythmic

Trade Name: Lidocaine & Xylocaine
Description: Local or regional anesthetic, can also
correct cardiac dysrhythmias, V-Tach, V-Fib

4

Generic Name: fentanyl
Classification: Narcotic

Trade Name: Sublimaze
Description: Minimizes pain & potentiates anesthesia

5

Generic Name: bacitracin (bacci)
Classification: Antibiotic

Trade Name: Bacitracin - #1 used on field
Description: Antibacterial

6

Generic Name: cefazolin
Classification: Antibiotic

Trade Name: Ancef - #1 used in hospitals
Description: Antibacterial - can target different body systems

7

Generic Name: heparin
Classification: Anti-coagulant

Trade Name: Heparin - #1 on field
Description: Interfere with blood clotting mechanism

8

Generic Name: warfarin
Classification: Anti-coagulant

Trade Name: Coumadin - #1 in anesthesia
Description: Anti-coagulant

9

Generic Name: droperidol
Classification: Antiemetic

Trade Name: Inapsine
Description: Reduces nausea, prevents vomiting

10

Generic Name: metoclopramide
Classification: Antiemetic

Trade Name: Reglan
Description: Reduces nausea, prevents vomiting

11

Generic Name: diphenhydramine
Classification: Antihistamine

Trade Name: Benadryl
Description: Counteract allergic reaction

12

Generic Name: anything "paque or graphin"
Classification: Contrast media (fluoroscopy)

Trade Name: anything "paque or graphin"
Description: Outline hollow structures for visualization for radiological exam

13

Generic Name: papaverine
Classification: Vasodilator

Trade Name: Papaverine
Description: Dilate peripheral blood vessels

14

Generic Name: vasopressin
Classification: Vasopressors

Trade Name: Pitressin
Description: Vasoconstrictors, increases blood pressure

15

Generic Name: dantolene
Classification: Enzymes

Trade Name: Dantrium
Description: Treats malignant hyperthermia, related to anesthesia

16

Generic Name: ringer's solution
Classification: Intravenous solution

Trade Name: Ringers
Description: Solution of several salts, contains essential serum electrolytes, similar to plasma

17

Generic Name: lactated ringer's
Classification: Intravenous solution

Trade Name: Lactated Ringer’s (LR) solution
Description: Same as Ringers but has sodium lactate added to serve as a glucose source

18

Generic Name: mannitol
Classification: Diuretic

Trade Name: Osmitrol
Description: Prevents reabsorption of water in the kidney

19

Generic Name: Protamine Sulfate
Classification: Anticoagulant antagonist

Trade Name: Protamine Sulfate (Vitamin K)
Description: Heparin reversal medication


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