Multi choice, The Skeletal system: The Axial Skeleton

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1

The branch of medicine that deals with correction of disorders of the musculoskeletal system is called

a) Rheumatics

b) Podiatry

c) Orthopedics

d) Cardiology

e) Dermatology

c

2

Which of the following statements is NOT true?

a) The axial skeleton has 80 bones.

b) The appendicular skeleton has 126 bones.

c) The axial skeleton is composed of the bones that run through the axis of the body.

d) Children have more bones than adults.

e) The appendicular skeleton does not include the pelvic and pectoral girdles.

e

3

Which of the following bones is NOT part of the axial skeleton?

  1. a) Hyoid
  2. b) Ribs
  3. c) Vertebrae
  4. d) Carpals
  5. e) Sternum

d

4

Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?

a) Tarsals

b) Tibia

c) Sphenoid

d) Scapula

e) Clavicle

c

5

Which following types of bone is the occipital bone?

a) Long bone

b) Short bone

c) Flat bone

d) Irregular bone

e) Sesamoid bone

c

6

Which of the following is NOT true of surface markings on bone?

a) They allow the passage of nerves and blood vessels.

b) They provide sites of attachment for muscles.

c) They allow bones to shorten or lengthen.

d) They help form joints.

e) They can be depressions or projections.

c

7

An opening or hole in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves and ligaments pass is called a

  1. a) fissure.
  2. b) foramen.
  3. c) fossa.
  4. d) meatus.
  5. e) sulcus.

b

8

A rounded articular projection supported on a constricted portion (neck) of a bone is called a

a) foramen.

b) condyle.

c) tuberosity.

d) head.

e) trochanter.

d

9

A prominent ridge or elongated projection on a bone is called a

  1. a) crest.
  2. b) trochanter.
  3. c) sulcus.
  4. d) fossa.
  5. e) tubercle.

a

10

Bones in the following area protect the brain.

  1. a) Cranium
  2. b) Vertebral column
  3. c) Sacrum
  4. d) Face
  5. e) Ribcage

a

11

Which of following facial bones is a single (unpaired) bone in the human skull?

  1. a) maxilla
  2. b) nasal
  3. c) lacrimal
  4. d) mandible
  5. e) zygomatic

d

12

Which of the following is NOT a facial bone?

  1. a) Parietal
  2. b) Nasal
  3. c) Maxillae
  4. d) Zygomatic
  5. e) Palatine

a

13

Which of the following statements is NOT true with regard to bones of the skull?

a) Some skull bones are covered with a mucous membrane.

b) The only movable bone in the skull is the mandible.

c) The bones of the skull contain foramina but no fissures.

d) The facial bones provide support for the entrance of the digestive system.

e) Some bones of the skull contain sinus cavities.

c

14

Which of the listed cranial bones form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor?

  1. a) Frontal
  2. b) Temporal
  3. c) Parietal
  4. d) Occipital
  5. e) Nasal

b

15

Which of the listed cranial bones contain the organs of hearing and balance, and articulate with the mandible?

  1. a) Frontal
  2. b) Temporal
  3. c) Parietal
  4. d) Occipital
  5. e) Nasal

b

16

Which cranial bone is called the “keystone” of the cranial floor because it articulates with every other cranial bone?

  1. a) Occipital
  2. b) Frontal
  3. c) Ethmoid
  4. d) Nasal
  5. e) Sphenoid

e

17

Which cranial bone is anterior to the sphenoid and posterior to the nasal bones and contains foramina for the olfactory cranial nerve?

  1. a) Ethmoid
  2. b) Frontal
  3. c) Palatine
  4. d) Maxilla
  5. e) Temporal

a

18

Which facial bone articulates with teeth?

  1. a) Lacrimal
  2. b) Palatine
  3. c) Vomer
  4. d) Maxillae
  5. e) Nasal

d

19

Which of the following is NOT a facial bone?

  1. a) Vomer
  2. b) Palatine
  3. c) Lacrimal
  4. d) Occipital
  5. e) Mandible

d

20

Which bone of the axial skeleton does NOT articulate with any other bone?

a) Vertebrae

b) Ethmoid

c) Sternum

d) Hyoid

e) Ilium

d

21

The hyoid bone is suspended by ligaments and muscle that extend from the _____ of the temporal bone.

a) mastoid process

b) styloid process

c) occipital condyle

d) zygomatic process

e) superior nuchal line

b

22

Joe was found dead. His hyoid bone was broken. What was the most likely cause of death?

a) Natural causes

b) Cardiac arrest

c) Gun shot

d) Strangulation

e) Choking

d

23

Ribs that have costal cartilage that attaches directly to the sternum are called

a) floating ribs.

b) vertebrochondral ribs.

c) false ribs.

d) true ribs.

e) separated ribs.

d

24

The tubercle found on the neck of a rib articulates with a facet found on the

a) spinous process of a thoracic vertebra.

b) spinous process of a lumbar vertebra.

c) transverse process of a thoracic vertebra.

d) xiphoid process of the sternum.

e) manubrium of the sternum.

c

25

The tubercle found on the neck of a rib articulates with a facet found on the

a) spinous process of a thoracic vertebra.

b) spinous process of a lumbar vertebra.

c) transverse process of a thoracic vertebra.

d) xiphoid process of the sternum.

e) manubrium of the sternum.

c

26

What is the purpose of the nucleus pulposus region of intervertebral discs?

a) To compress the vertebral bones

b) To help absorb vertical shock to the spinal column

c) Calcium storage

d) Spinal fluid reservoir

e) Muscle attachment

b

27

The two primary curves of the adult vertebral column are the

a) thoracic and sacral curves.

b) lumbar and sacral curves.

c) cervical and lumbar curves.

d) cervical and thoracic curves.

e) cervical and sacral curves.

e

28

What bone marking found on the second cervical vertebra projects superiorly into the anterior portion of the vertebral foramen of the atlas?

a) Primary projection

b) Occular process

c) Odontoid process

d) Cervical projection

e) Cervix

c

29

Which of the vertebrae listed below would be the largest and strongest vertebra in adult humans?

  1. a) C5
  2. b) L4
  3. c) T4
  4. d) C7
  5. e) T12

b

30

Which gender shows the coccyx pointed inferiorly?

a) Females

b) Males

c) Both genders

d) The coccyx does not point inferiorly in either gender

a

31

What is inflammation of one or more costal cartilage called?

a) Costochondritis

b) Arthritis

c) Cartilaginous distension

d) Otitis

e) Intercostal space distension

a

32
card image

In the diagram, which bone is the flat bone?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

c

33

In the diagram, which bone is the short bone?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

b

34
card image

In the diagram, where is the lacrimal bone?

  1. a) E
  2. b) F
  3. c) G
  4. d) H
  5. e) I

a

35
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In the diagram, which bone articulates with every other bone of the face except the mandible?

  1. a) F
  2. b) G
  3. c) H
  4. d) I
  5. e) J

d

36
card image

In the diagram, where is the zygomatic bone?

  1. a) G
  2. b) H
  3. c) I
  4. d) J
  5. e) None of these answer choices are correct.

b

37
card image

In the diagram, which bone is considered the keystone of the cranial floor?

  1. a) E
  2. b) B
  3. c) G
  4. d) H
  5. e) I

a

38
card image

In the diagram, where is the styloid process?

  1. a) J
  2. b) K
  3. c) G
  4. d) H
  5. e) I

b

39
card image

In the diagram, where is the mastoid process?

  1. a) J
  2. b) K
  3. c) G
  4. d) H
  5. e) I

a

40
card image

In the diagram, where is the palatine bone?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

e

41
card image

In the diagram, where is the nasal bone?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

d

42
card image

In the diagram, where is the mastoid process?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) G

b

43
card image

In the diagram, where is the foramen ovale?

  1. a) C
  2. b) D
  3. c) E
  4. d) F
  5. e) G

a

44
card image

In the diagram, where is the cribriform plate?

  1. a) D
  2. b) E
  3. c) F
  4. d) G
  5. e) H

c

45
card image

In the diagram, where is the olfactory foramina?

  1. a) C
  2. b) D
  3. c) E
  4. d) F
  5. e) G

c

46
card image

) In the diagram, where is the crista galli?

  1. a) C
  2. b) A
  3. c) B
  4. d) E
  5. e) G

b

47
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In the diagram, where is the vomer bone?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) E
  4. d) D
  5. e) C

c

48
card image

In the diagram, where is the perpendicular plate?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) E
  5. e) D

b

49
card image

Where is the mental foramen in the diagram?

  1. a) C
  2. b) D
  3. c) E
  4. d) F
  5. e) None of these answer choices are correct.

a

50
card image

This fontanel usually closes within 18 to 24 months after birth.

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) Both A and C

a

51
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This is largest fontanel in size at birth.

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) Both A and D

a

52
card image

Where is the spinous process in the diagram?

  1. a) B
  2. b) C
  3. c) D
  4. d) E
  5. e) F

c

53
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Which of the cervical vertebrae contain a unique process that is responsible for the ability to move your head from side to side signifying “no”?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

b

54
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Which of the cervical vertebrae are responsible for permitting the movement of the head seen when saying “yes”?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

a

55

Where is the vertebral body?

  1. a) C
  2. b) D
  3. c) H
  4. d) I
  5. e) J

c

56
card image

Where is the vertebral body?

  1. a) C
  2. b) D
  3. c) H
  4. d) I
  5. e) J

c

57
card image

In the diagram, which part is often broken during CPR due to incorrect positioning of hands?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) D
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

b

58
card image

Where is the clavicular notch?

  1. a) A
  2. b) C
  3. c) D
  4. d) B
  5. e) F

b

59
card image

Which of the following structures passes through the opening labeled 2 in the diagram?

  1. a) internal carotid artery
  2. b) mental nerve
  3. c) cranial nerve XI (accessory)
  4. d) branch of the occipital artery
  5. e) cranial nerve VII (facial)

c

60
card image

Which structure in the diagram allows for passage of nerves and blood vessels?

  1. a) B
  2. b) C
  3. c) D
  4. d) E
  5. e) F

c

61
card image

Which structure in the diagram is the superior articular process?

  1. a) A
  2. b) B
  3. c) C
  4. d) D
  5. e) E

a

62

Which condition is characterized by an increase or exaggeration of the lumbar curve of the vertebral column?

  1. a) herniated disc
  2. b) scoliosis
  3. c) kyphosis
  4. d) lordosis
  5. e) spina bifida

d

63

Which condition is characterized by an increase in the thoracic curve of the vertebral column?

  1. a) herniated disc
  2. b) scoliosis
  3. c) kyphosis
  4. d) lordosis
  5. e) spina bifida

c

64

Which condition is characterized by a lateral bending of the vertebral column in the thoracic region?

  1. a) herniated disc
  2. b) scoliosis
  3. c) kyphosis
  4. d) lordosis
  5. e) spina bifida

b

65

Which condition is the protrusion of the nucleus pulposus posteriorly or into one of the adjacent vertebral bodies in the vertebral column?

  1. a) herniated disc
  2. b) scoliosis
  3. c) kyphosis
  4. d) lordosis
  5. e) spina bifida

a

66

Which of the following bones contains a sac that collects tears and passes them into the nasal cavity?

a) Maxilla

b) Sphenoid

c) Nasal

d) Ethmoid

e) Lacrimal

e

67

Which bones form the zygomatic arch?

a) temporal and zygomatic

b) sphenoid and maxilla

c) temporal and mandible

d) temporal and frontal

e) temporal and parietal

a

68

What are the three correct components of the nasal septum?

a) inferior nasal concha, vomer and lacrimal bone

b) vomer, superior nasal concha, and septal cartilage

c) inferior nasal concha, septal cartilage, perpendicular plate of ethmoid

d) vomer, septal cartilage, and perpendicular plate of ethmoid

e) vomer, septal cartilage, and crista galli of ethmoid

d

69

Sella turcica is a bony depression found in this cranial bone.

  1. a) Sphenoid
  2. b) Frontal
  3. c) Temporal
  4. d) Ethmoid
  5. e) Occipital

a

70

The pituitary gland is contained in a depression found in this cranial bone.

  1. a) Ethmoid
  2. b) Sphenoid
  3. c) Lacrimal
  4. d) Temporal
  5. e) Parietal

b


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