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Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System

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created 6 years ago by jenkarmata
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Part of Chaper 7 in the Hesi Admission Assessment study guide

Grade levels:
College: Second year

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1

True/False
The endocrine system assists the nervous system in homeostasis & plays important roles in growth & sexual maturation.

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~TRUE~

2

Does the endocrine system assist the nervous system in maintaining homeostasis in the human body?

YES

3

The __________ plays an important role in growth & sexual maturation in the human body.

Endocrine System

4

What 2 systems meet at the hypothalamus & pituitary gland?

Endocrine & Nervous system

5

The __1__ governs the pituitary & is in turn controlled by the feedback of __2__ in the blood.

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1. Hypothalamus

2. Hormones

6

True/False
The nervous & endocrine systems coordinate & control the body, but the endocrine system has MORE LONG-LASTING & WIDESPREAD EFFECTS.

~TRUE~

7

____ are chemical messengers that control the growth, differentiation & metabolism of specific target cells.

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~HORMONES~

8

What are the 2 major groups of hormones?

1. Steroid hormones
2. Protein hormones

9

Steroid hormones

enter the target cells & have a direct effect on the DNA of the nucleus

10

Most protein hormones remain

at the cell surface & act through a 2nd messenger, usually a substance called ADENOSINE MONO PHOSPHATE (AMP).

11

AMP or adenosine mono phosphate is a 2nd messenger for what type hormones?

Protein Hormones

12

How do most hormones affect cell activity?

By altering the rate of protein synthesis

13

True/False
The endocrine glands, although widely distributed, are grouped together as a system because the MAIN FUNCTION of each gland is the production of hormones.

~TRUE~

14

What are the main functions of each gland in the endocrine system?

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Producing hormones

15

Are there hormones produced from the stomach, small intestine & kidneys?

~YES~

16

*Hesi Hint* True/False
Multiple hormones are released during stress from the adrenal cortex, the hypothalamus, posterior & anterior pituitary.

~TRUE~

17

The hormone Cortisol is released from the

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adrenal glands

18

What hormone reduces inflammation, raises the blood sugar level & inhibits the release of histamine?

Cortisol

19

***************************************************
THE PITUITARY GLAND IS NICKNAMED THE

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MASTER GLAND

20

The Pituitary gland is attached to the hypothalamus by a stalk called the

Infundibulum

21

The pituitary gland has 2 majory portions:

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The anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) & the Posterior lobe (neurohypophysis).

22

Hormones of the adenohypophysis are called _____ because they act mainly on other endocrine glands.

Tropic hormones

23

Adenohypophysis hormones are called tropic homones because they

act on other endocrine glands.

24

Adenohypophysis (tropic hormones) include:

* Somatotropin (STH) or growth hormone (GH)
* Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
* Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
* Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
* Luteininzing hormone (LH)

25

Hormones released from the neuorhypophysis of the pituitary include

* Oxytocin (labor hormone)
* Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

26

Which lobe of the pituitary produces TSH?

Adenohypophysis or Anterior lobe

27

Which lobe of the pituitary produces ACTH?

Adenohypophysis or Anterior lobe

28

Which lobe of the pituitary produces Oxytocin?

Neurohypophysis or Posterior lobe

29

Which lobe of the pituitary produces STH & GH?

Adenohypophysis or Anterior lobe

30

Which lobe of the pituitary produces ADH?

Neurohypophysis or Posterior lobe

31

What hormone is known as the 'Labor Hormone?'

Oxytocin

32

Other important endocrine glands include the

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Thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pancreas & gonads (the ovaries & testes).

33

Visual of the Thyroid

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T3 & T4 hormone

34

Visual of the Parathyroid glands

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35

Visual of the gonads (the ovaries & testes).

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