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Exam 1

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created 6 years ago by jmata12
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Chapters: 1,3,4

updated 6 years ago by jmata12

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1

All the answers are now 100% correct!

All the answers are now 100% correct!

2

A multicellular organism that has chitin cell walls & absorbs organic material is a(n)

a. alga
b. bacterium
c. fungus
d. virus
e. helminth

c. Fungus

3

In the name Escherichia coli(in italics), coli (italics) is the

a. Specific epithet
b. Domain
c. Kingdom
d. Discoverer
e. Genus

a. Specific epithet

4

Which of the following is NOT a domain in the three-domain system?

a. Archaea
b. Bacteria
c. Eukarya
d. Animalia

d. Animalia

5

Who proved that microorganisms cause disease?

a. Fleming
b. Semmelweis
c. Van Leeuwenhoek
d. Koch
e. Pasteur

d. Koch

6

Which of the following is the best definition of biotechnology?

a. The curing of diseases
b. The use of microorganisms in sewage treatment
c. The use of living organisms to make desired products.
d. The development of recombinant DNA technology
e. Bacterial production of foods

c. The use of living organisms to make desired products

7

You are observing a cell through a microscope & note that it has no apparent nucleus you conclude that it most likely

a. Has a cellulose cell wall.
b. Is part of a multicellular animal.
c. Has a peptidoglycan cell wall
d. Moves by pseudopods.
e. Is a plant cell.

c. Has a peptidoglycan cell wall

8

Which of the following groups include members that lack DNA?

a. Bacteria
b. Fungi
c. Helminths
d. Viruses
e. Protoza

d. Viruses

9

Bacteria differ from viruses in that bacteria

a. Have DNA & RNA
b. Can live without a host
c. Are composed of cells
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

10

In figue 3.1, line "a" points to the microscope's

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c. Ocular lens (what you look into)

* See line 'a' this image only has one lens, your test image will show a micrscope w/2 lenses. *

11

In figure 3.1, line "c." points to the microscope's

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c. Condenser

*see image to locate the condenser.

12

Which of the following is NOT equal to 1m?

a. 10dm
b. 0.001km
c. 1,000,000,um (um is the same as micrometers or microns)
d. 100mm
e. 1,000,000,000nm

d. 100mm

13

Place the steps of the Gram stain in the correct order:
1-Alcohol-acetone; 2-Crystal violet; 3-Safranin; 4-Iodine

2-4-1-3

14

Which of the follwing pairs is mismatched for Gram Stain?

a. Crystal violet-primary stain
b. Safranin-acid dye
c. Gram's Iodine-mordant
d. Ethyl Alcohol-decolorizer

b. Safranin-acid dye

15

The purpose of a mordant in the gram stain is

a. To make the bacterial cells larger.
b. To remove the simple stain.
c. To make gram-negative cells visible.
d. To make the flagella visible.
e. To increase the cells' affinty for a stain & to kill the bacteria.

e. To increase the cells' affinty for a stain & to kill the bacteria.

16

Place the following steps in the correct sequence:
1-staining; 2-making a smear; 3-fixing.

2-3-1

17

Simple staining is often necessary to improve contrast in this microscope.

a. Electron microscope
b. Compound light microscope
c. Fluorescence microscope
d. Phase-constr

b. Compound Light

18

Which microscope achieves the highest magnification & greatest resolution?

a. Compound light microscope
b. Phase-contrast microscope
c. Darkfield microscope
d. Fluorescence microscope
e. Electron microscope

e. Electron microscope

19

The appearance of gram-negative bacteria after addition of the mordant in the Gram stain.

a. Purple
b. Red
c. Colorless
d. Brown

a. Purple

20

The appearance of gram-positive bacteria after adding the counterstain in the gram stain.

a. Purple
b. Red
c. Colorless
d. Brown

a. Purple

21

What is the total magnification of a bacteria viewed w/a 10x ocular lens & a 100x objective

a. 100x
b. 10x
c. 45x
d. 4.5x
e. 1000x

e. 1000x

22

Which microscope is used to see detail of a 300-nm virus?

a. Fluorescence microscope
b. DIC microscope
c. Phase-contrast microscope
d. Electron microscope
e. Darkfield microscope

d. Electron microscope

23

The resolution of a microscope can be improved by changing the

a. Diaphragm.
b. Find adjustment.
c. Condenser.
d. Wavelength of light.
e. Coarse adjustment.

d. Wavelenght of light

24

Which of the following statements best describes what happens when a bacterial cell is plced in a solution containing 5% NaCl? Hint: Bacterial cells contain less than 5% NaCl.

a. Sucrose will move into the cell from a higher to lower concentration.
b. The cell will undergo osmotic lysis.
c. Water will move out of the cell.
d. Water will move into the cell.
e. No change will result; the solution is isotonic.

c. Water will move out of the cell.

25

By which of the following mechanisms can a cell transport a substance from a lower to higher concentration?

a. Simple diffusion
b. Facilitated diffusion
c. Extracellular enzymes
d. Active transport
e. Aquaporins

d. Active transport

26

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 is a tetrad?

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Your answer will be the one that looks like the above image.

27

Which drawing in Figure 4.1 is streptococci?

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Your answer will be the one that looks like the above image.
* A single row of circles, like round beads on a string.

28
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Choice a. is on the left (<-) & b. is on the right (->).
*You'll need this diagram for the last 3 questions.
**this is the identical diagram used for exam.**

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Choice a. is on the left (<-) & b. is on the right (->).
*You'll need this diagram for the last 3 questions.
**this is the identical diagram used for exam.**

29

In figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is a gram-negative cell wall?

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b - the one on the right ->

30

In figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall is decolorized by ethyl alcohol?

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b - the one on the right ->

31

In figure 4.3, which diagram of a cell wall contains teichoic acids?

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a - the one on the left <-

32

All the answers are now 100% correct!

All the answers are now 100% correct!


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