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Medical Terminology Chapter 2

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created 2 years ago by Tafina_A__Edwards
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1

TRANSVERSE

HORIZONTAL PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UPPER AND LOWER PORTIONS

2

IOTROGENIC ILLNESS

UNFAVORABLE RESPONSE DUE TO PRESCRIBED MEDICAL TREATMENT

3

ABDOMNO PELVIC

SPACE FORMED BY THE HIP BONES THAT PRIMARILY CONTAIN THE ORGANS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE AND EXCRETORY SYSTEMS

4

GENETIC DISORDER

PATHOLOGIC CONDITION CAUSED BY AN ABSENT OR DEFECTIVE GENE

5

STEM CELLS

UNSPECIALIZED CELLS HAT RENEW THEMSELVES FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME THROUGH CELL DIVISION

6

ADENO-MALACIA

ABNORMAL SOFTENING OF A GLAND

7

ANAPLASIA

CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE OF CELLS AND IN THEIR ORIENTATION TO EACH OTHER

8

ADENO SCLEROSIS

ABNORMAL HARDENING OF A GLAND

9

HYPERPLASIA

THE ENLARGEMENT OF AN ORGAN OR TISSUE BECAUSE OF ABNORMAL INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS IN THE TISSURES

10

ADENOMA

BENIGN TUMOR THAT ARISES IN OR RESEMBLES GLANDULAR TISSUE

11

HYPERTROPHY

GENERAL INCREASE IN THE BULK OF A BODY PART DUE TO AN INCREASE IN THE SIZE, BUT NOT IN THE NUMBER, OF CELLS IN THE TISSUES

12

ADENECTOMY

SURGICAL PROCEDURE TO REMOVE A GLAND

13

HYPOPLASIA

INCOMPLETE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ORGAN OR TISSUE, USUALLY DUE TO A DDFICIENCY IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS

14

DYSPLASIA

ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OR GROWTH OF CELLS, TISSUES, OR ORGANS

15

ADENOCARCINOMA

MALIGNANT TUMOR THAT ORIGINATES IN GLANDULAR TISSUE

16

MALIGNANT

TENDING TO BECOME WORSE OR END IN DEATH, HAVING THE PROPERTIES OF ANAPLASIA, INVASIVENESS, AND METASTASIS, SAID OF TUMORS

17

METASTASIS

TRANSFER OF DISEASE FROM ONE ORGAN OR PART OF THE BODY TO ANOTHER NOT DIRECTLY CONNECTED WITH IT.

18

UMBILICUS

BELLY BUTTON OR NAVEL

19

ANOMALY

DEVIATION FROM NORMAL

20

INGUINAL

RELATING TO THE GROIN

21

PROXIMAL

SITUATED NEAREST THE MIDLINE

22

GERIATRICIAN

SPECIALIST CARING FOR OLDER PEOPLE

23

HYPOGASTRIC

REGION IS LOCATED BELOW THE STOMACH

24

CAUDAL

TOWARD THE LOWER PART OF THE BODY

25

APLASIA

DEFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT OR THE CONGENITAL ABSENCE OR AN ORGAN OR TISSUE

26

CEPHAL

TOWARD THE HEAD

27

PHYSIOLOGY

STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONS OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BODY

28

POSTERIOR

MEANS SITUATED TO THE BACK.

BACK PART OF AN ORGAN

29

HEMOPHILIA

GROUP OF HEREDITARY BLEEDING DISORDERS IN WHICH A BLOOD CLOTTING FACTOR IS MISSING

30

IDIOPATHIC

ILLNESS WITHOUT KNOWN CAUSE

31

ANTERIOR

SITUATED IN THE FRONT

32

PHENYLKETONURIA

GENETIC DISORDER IN WHICH THE ESSENTIAL DIGESTIVE ENZYME PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE IS MISSING

33

VECTOR-BORNE

SPREAD OF DISEASE BY THE BITE OF CERTAIN MOSQUITO

34

ENDOCRINE

GLAND SECRETES ONE OR MORE HORMONES DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOOD STREAM

35

EXOCRINE

GLAND SECRETES ONE OR MORE HORMONES INTO A DUCT

36

FUNCTIONAL

PRODUCES SYMPTOMS FOR WHICH NO PHYSIOLOGICAL OR ANATOMICAL CAUSE CAN BE IDENTIFIED

37

RETROPERITONIAL

LOCATED BEHIND THE PERITONEUM

38

PATHOLOGY

THE STUDY OF THE CAUSES OF DISEASE

39

CYTOPLASM

MATERIAL WITHIN THE CELL MEMBRANE THAT IS NOT PART OF THE NUCLEUS

40

EPIDEMIC

SUDDEN AND WIDESPREAD OUTBREAK OF A DISEASE WITHIN A SPECIFIC POPULATION GROUP OR AREA

41

HYSTOLOGY

SUTDY OF THE STRUCTURE, COMPOSITION, AND FUNCTION OF TISSUES

42

PERITONITIS

DESCRIBES AN INFLAMMATION OF THE PERITONEUM

43

ENDEMIC

ONGOING PRESENCEOF A DISEASE WITHINA POPULATION, GROUP OR AREA

44

HOMEOSTASIS

BODY MAINTAINS A STABLE ENVIRONMENT, PROCESS THROUGH WHICH THE BODY MAINTAINS A CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT

45

PANDEMIC

OUTBREAK OF A DISEASE OCCURRING OVER A LARGE GEOGRAPHIC AREA, POSSIBLY WORLDWIDE

46

DORSAL

BACK OF THE BODY AND HEAD

47

DISTAL

FARTHEST FROM THE MIDLINE

48

VENTRAL

FRONT OF THE BODY

49

EPIGASTRIC

REGION ABOVE THE STOMACH

50

ANATOMY

STUDY OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BODY

51

MEDIA

TOWARD THE MIDLINE

52

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

CONDITION THAT IS TRANSMITTED FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER BY EITHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT CONTACT WITH CONTAMINATED OBJECTS

53

BLOODBORNE TRANSMISSION

SPREAD OF A DISEASE THROUGH CONTACT WITH BLOOD OR OTHER BODY FLUIDS THAT HAVE BEEN CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD

54

MESENTERY

FUSED DOUBLE LAYER OF THE PARIETAL PERITONEUM THAT ATTACHES PARTS OF THE INTESTINE TO THE INTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL

55

MIDSAGITAL

DIVIDES THE BODY INTO EQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT HALVES

56

PATHOGEN

AN ILLNESS CAUSED BY LIVING PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS SUCH AS BACTERIAL AND VIRUSES

57

PERITONEUM

MULTILAYERED MEMBRANE THAT PROTECTS AND HOLDS THE ORGANS IN PLACE WITHIN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY

58

CONGENITAL DISORDER

AN ABNORMAL CONDITION THAT EXISTS AT THE TIME OF BIRTH

59

THORACIX

SURROUNDS AND PROTECTS THE HEART OF THE LUNGS

60

NOSOCOMIAL

DISEASE ACQUIRED IN A HOSPITAL OR CLINIC SETTING


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