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Chapter 2: Organ Systems Overview

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1

Name the structural and functional unit of all living things.

cell

2

The small intestine is an example of a(n) _______, because it is composed of two or more tissue types that perform a particular function for the body.

a. epithelial tissue

b. muscular tissue

c. organ

d. organ system

c. organ

3

The _______ system is responsible for maintaining homeostasis of the body via rapid transmission of electrical signals.

nervous

4

The kidneys are part of the ________ system.

urinary

5

The thin muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities is the _______.

diaphragm

6

Identify the body system.

Rids the body of nitrogen-containing wastes.

urinary

7

Identify the body system.

Is affected by removal of the thyroid gland.

endocrine

8

Identify the body system.

Provides support and the levers on which the muscular system acts.

skeletal

9

Identify the body system.

Includes the heart.

cardiovascular

10

Identify the body system.

Has a menstrual cycle in females.

reproductive

11

Identify the body system.

Protects underlying organs from drying out and from mechanical damage.

integumentary

12

Identify the body system.

Protects the body; destroys bacteria and tumor cells.

lymphatic/immunity

13

Identify the body system.

Breaks down ingested food into its building blocks.

digestive

14

Identify the body system.

Removes carbon dioxide from the blood.

respiratory

15

Identify the body system.

Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues.

cardiovascular

16

Identify the body system.

Moves the limbs; facilitates facial expression.

muscular

17

Identify the body system.

Conserves body water or eliminates excesses

urinary

18

Identify the body systems.

Facilitate conception and childbearing.

reproductive and endocrine

19

Identify the body system.

Controls the body by means of chemical molecules called hormones.

endocrine

20

Identify the body system.

Is damaged when you cut your finger or get a sever sunburn.

integumentary

21

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

thymus, spleen, lymphatic vessels

lymphatic/immune

22

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

bones, cartilages, tendons

skeletal

23

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

pancreas, pituitary, adrenals

endocrine

24

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

trachea, bronchi, lungs

respiratory

25

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

epidermis, dermis, and cutaneous sense organs

integumentary

26

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

testis, ductus deferens, urethra

reproductive

27

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

esophagus, large intestine, rectum

digestive

28

Identify the organ system that includes each of the following organs or structures.

muscles of the thigh, postural muscles

muscular

29

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

stomach

abdominopelvic

30

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

esophagus

thoracic

31

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

large intestines

abdominopelvic

32

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

liver

abdominopelvic

33

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

spinal cord

spinal

34

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

urinary bladder

abdominopelvic

35

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

heart

thoracic

36

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

trachea

thoracic

37

Identify the body cavity for the indicated organ.

rectum

abdominopelvic

38

The levels of organization of a living body include ______, ______, ______, _______, and organism.

cells, tissue, organs, organ systems

39

Define organ.

A structure composed of two or more different types of tissues with a particular function.

40

Why is it helpful to study the external and internal structures of the rat?

Many of the internal and external structures of a rat are similar in structure and function to human anatomy.


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