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Chapter 6: Classification of Tissues

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1

Groups of cells that are anatomically similar and share a function are called:

a. organ systems

b. organisms

c. organs

d. tissues

d. tissues

2

How many primary tissue types are found in the human body?

4: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous

3

True/False:

Endocrine and exocrine glands are classified as epithelium because they usually develop fro epithelial membranes.

True

4

Epithelial tissues can be classified according to cell shape. ______ epithelial cells are scalelike and flattened.

a. Columnar

b. Cuboidal

c. Squamous

d. Transitional

c. Squamous

5

All connective tissue is derived from an embryonic tissue known as:

a. cartilage

b. ground substance

c. mesenchyme

d. reticular

c. mesenchyme

6

All the following are examples of connective tissue except:

a. bones

b. ligaments

c. neurons

d. tendons

c. neurons

7

True/False:

Blood is a type of connective tissue.

True

8

Choose the correct term.

Of the two major cell types found in nervous tissue, neurons/neuroglial cells are highly specialized to generate and conduct electrical signals

neurons

9

How many basic types of muscle tissue are there?

3: skeletal, cardiac, and smooth.

10

This type of muscle tissue is found in walls of hollow organs. It has no striations, and its cells are spindle shaped. It is:

a. cardiac muscle

b. skeletal muscle

c. smooth muscle

c. smooth muscle

11

Define tissue.

A collection of cells of one type, working together for a particular function.

12

Identify the tissue type.

lines body cavities and covers the body's external surface

epithelium

13

Identify the tissue type.

pumps blood, flushes urine out of the body, allows one to swing a bat

muscle

14

Identify the tissue type.

transmits electrical signals

nervous tissue

15

Identify the tissue type.

anchors, packages, and supports body organs

connective tissue

16

Identify the tissue type.

cells may absorb, secrete, and filter

epithelium

17

Identify the tissue type.

most involved in regulating and controlling body functions

nervous tissue

18

Identify the tissue type.

major function is to contract

muscle

19

Identify the tissue type.

synthesizes hormones

epithelium

20

Identify the tissue type.

includes nonliving extracellular matrix

connective tissue

21

Identify the tissue type.

most widespread tissue in the body

connective tissue

22

Identify the tissue type.

forms nerves and the brain

nervous tissue

23

Describe five general characteristics of epithelial tissue.

1. Polarity - an apical surface that is distinct from the basal surface.

2. Specialized contacts so cells fit closely together.

3. Supported by connective tissue (basement membrane).

4. Avascular but innervated.

5. Easily regenerated.

24

How are epithelial tissues classified?

cell shape, arrangement, and relative number of layers.


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