Medical Terminology Chapter 11

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 1 year ago by Tafina_A__Edwards
73 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

adnexa oculi

the structures of the eyeball

2

orbit

eye socket

3

canthus

the angle where the upper and lower eyelids meet

4

tarsus

the framework within the upper and lower eyelids that provide the necessary stiffness and shape

5

conjunctiva

the ransparent mucous membrane that lines the underside of each eyelids and over the exposed surfaceof the eyelids

6

lacrimal apparatus

tear apparatus/consists of the structures that produce, store and remove tears

7

optic

pertaining to the eye or sight

8

ocular

pertaining to the ee

9

extraocular

outside the eyeball

10

intraocular

within the eyeball

11

sclera

white of the eye

12

choroid

the opaque middle layer of the eyeball supply blood to the eye

13

retina

sensitive innermost layer that lines the posterior segment of the eye

14

macula

the clearly defined light-sensitive area in the center of the retina that is responsible for sharp central vision

15

fovea centralis

pit in the middle of the macula. color vision is best in this area because of a high concentration of cones and no rods

16

optic disk

blind spot. small region of the eye where the nerve endings of the retina enter the optic nerve. contains no rods or cones.

17

optic nerve

transmits the nerve impulses from the retina to the brain

18

uvea

pigmented area of the eye

19

ciliary body

a set of muscles and suspensory ligaments that adjust the thickness of the lens to refine focus, located within the choroid

20

cornea

transparent outer surface of the eye covering the iris and the pupil

21

lens

clear flexible curved structure that focuses images on the retina

22

accommodation

the process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances.

23

convergence

simultaneous inward movement of the eyes toward each other

24

emmertropia

the normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina

25

refraction

the ability of the lens to bend light rays so they focus on the retina

26

visual acuity

the ability to distinguish object details and shape at a distance

27

ptosis

drooping of the upper eyelid due to paralysis

28

chalazion

nodule or cyst on the upper eyelid, caused by obstruction in a sebacous gland

29

ectropion

the eversion of the edge of an eyelid, turning outward of the lower eyelid

30

entropion

inversion of the edge of an eyelid, turning inward of the lower eyelid, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea

31

hordeolum

stye, pus filled and often painful lesion on the eyelid, resulting from an infection in a sebaceous gland

32

dacryoadenitis

inflammation of the lacrimal gland caused by bacteria, viral or fungal infection

33

subconjunctival hemorrhage

bleeding between the conjunctiva and the sclera

34

xerophthalmia

dry eye

35

iritis

most common form of uveitis

36

corneal ulcer

pitting of the cornea caused by infection or injury

37

diabetic retinopathy

damage to the retina due to diabetes

38

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

39

anisocoria

condition in which the pupils are unequal size

40

cataract

the loss of transparency of the lens that cases progressive loss of visual clarity, associated with aging, can be congenital or due to injury or disease

41

photopsia

presence of what appears to be flashes of light

42

miosis

contraction of the pupil in normal response to exposure to light

43

mydriasis

dilation of the pupil

44

nystagmus

involuntary, constant rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused by neurological injury or drug uses

45

papilledema

swelling and inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of entrance into the eye through the optic disk

46

retinal detachement

the separation of some or all of the light sensitive retina from the choroid

47

retinitis pigmentosa

progressive degeneration of the retina that affects night and peripheral vision

48

glaucoma

group of diseases characterized by intraocular pressure that causes damage to the retinal nerve fibers and the optic nerve

49

macula degeneration

gradually progressive condition in which the macula at the center of the retina is damaged resulting in loss of central vision but not total blindness

50

diplopia

double vision

51

hemianopia

blindness in one half of the visual field

52

monochromatism

color blindness

53

nyctalopia

night blindness

54

nyctal

night

55

photophobia

excessive sensitive to light and can be the result of migraines, excessive wearing of contact lenses, drug use or inflammation

56

presbyopia

common changes of the eye with age

57

presby

old age

58

strabismus

disorder in which the eyes point in opposite directions, because the eye muscles are unable to focus together

59

esotropia

cross-eyes

60

extropia

walleye/ inward deviation of one eye relative to the other

61

refractive disorder

focusing problem that occurs when the lens and cornea do not bend light so that it focuses properly on the retina

62

ametropia

any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina

63

amblyopia

dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight, especially in one eye

64

scotoma

blind spot, abnormal area of diminished vision surrounded by an area of normal vision

65

organ of corti

receives the vibration from the cochlear duct and relays them to the auditory nerve fibers

66

air conduction

sound waves enter the ear

67

bone conduction

eardrum vibrates and causes the ossicles to vibrate

68

sensorineural conduction

sound vibrations reach the inner ear and relay them to the auditory nerve for transmission to the brain.

69

otalgia

pain in the ear

70

otomycosis

fungal infection of the external auditory canal

71

otopyorrhea

flow of pus from the ear

72

otorrhea

any discharge from the ear

73

otorrhagia

bleeding from the ear

74

barotrauma

pressure related ear condition

75

cholesteatoma

pearly tumor, destructive epidermal cyst in the middle ear

76

mastoiditis

inflammation of the mastoid bone/cells

77

infectious myringitis

contagious inflammation that causes painful blisters on the eardrum

78

otosclerosis

ankylosis of the bones in the middle ear, resulting in hearing loss

79

Meniere's disease

rare chronic disorder where fluid in the inner ear increases intermittently, producing attacks of vertigo, and fluctuating hearing loss

80

tinnitus

ringing of the ears, buzzing or roaring sound in one or both ears

81

acoustic neuroma

brain tumor that develops adjacent to the cranial nerve running from the brain to the inner ear

82

presbycusis

gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs as the body ages

83

conductive hearing loss

occurs when sound waves are prevented from passing from the air to the fluid filled inner ear.

84

sensorineural hearing loss

develops when the auditory nerve or hair cells in the inner ear are damaged, caused by age, noise exposure, or acoustic trauma

85

noise induced hearing loss

type of nerve deafness caused by repeated exposure to extremely loud noises that continue for long periods of time.


Related pages


units of stroke volumethe economics of money banking and financial markets mishkinintraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organsbartending flash cardsreview sheet classification of tissuesrenal quizletanatomy and physiology lab bookcholinergic muscarinic agonistsadlier oxford level g unit 5bones that make up the hard palatepurpose of the ureteramnion formationmastering chemistry answers chapter 10bones and skeletal tissue quizwhat is semilunar valvexerophyte mesophyte hydrophytepearson mastering geneticscompact bone is replaced more often than spongy bonerids body of nitrogen containing wastesvariolation definitionlimerence quizlateral spinothalamic tract pathwayanother name for visceral pericardiumwhat is the largest part of the digestive systempractice microbiology examsorgans in body cavitiescarpal bones quiztransient microbiotamicrobiology note cards3 monotheistic religionsclotting factors synthesized in liverveins carry oxygen poor blood to the heartare plants prokaryotesscanty spermanatomy and physiology endocrine system notesorgan distal to the stomachspelling words for 10th graderswhat does the endomembrane system dopruritic vesiclesgeometry vocabulary wordsmastering bilogycollagen to repair a deep skin wound is produced bydominant and recessive phenotypesphysiology of hearing and balancesensory receptors in the earnumbers in spanish 1-100 printabletaiga average yearly precipitationin the procedure concerning the action of bile saltsimpaired skin integrity interventionsmcdonalds market penetrationwhat is catabolic pathwayangles quizmeaning ologyheterotrophic theorynitrifying bacteria convert _____ to _____what happens during anaphase in mitosisliver cell structure and functionsynthesis of atp by the chemiosmotic mechanismplants are photoautotrophs what does this meantropic hormone examplesvenules function and structureclassical conditioning and operant conditioning differ in thatcampbell biology 9th edition study guidewhich is not a nonvascular seedless plantthe integumentary system review sheet 7 answersnode of ranvier function in a neuronautoclaving is the most effective method of moist heat sterilizationtundra detritivoreslange flash cardsinlet of larynxcells that secrete testosteronewhat are pleural membranesbacillus classificationknights of labor apushlargest foramen in the skull