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Medical Terminology Chapter 12

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created 1 year ago by Tafina_A__Edwards
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1

sebaceous glands

secrete sebum (oil) that lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria

2

sweat glands

regulate body temperature

3

hair

helps control the loss of body heat

4

cutaneous

pertaining to the skin

5

epidermis

the outermost layer of the skin

6

epithelial tissue

form protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body

7

squamous epithelial tissue

forms the upper layer of the epidermis

8

basal layer

lowest layer of the epidermis

9

keratin

fibrous, water repellent protein

10

melanocytes

produce and contain dark brown or black pigment known as melanin

11

melanin

the pigment that determines the color of the skin

12

dermis

corium/ the thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis

13

sensory nerve endings

in the dermis are the sensory receptors for stimuli such as touch, temperature, pain and pressure

14

collagen

glue

15

mast cells

found in the connective tissue of the dermis, respond to injury, infection, or allergy by producing and releasing substances, including heparin and histamine

16

heparin

released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant

17

histamine

released in response to allergens

18

subcutaneous layer

located just below the layers of the skin and connects the skin to the surface muscles

19

cellulite

describes deposits of dimpled fat around the buttocks and thighs

20

lipocytes

fat cells

21

pores

the openings on the surface of the skin that act as ducts of the sweat glands

22

perspiration

sweat

23

hidrosis

production and excretion of perspiration

24

hair follicles

the sacs that hold the root of the hair fibers

25

arrector pili

tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause the hair to stand errect

26

unguis

commonly known as a fingernail or toenail

27

lunale

pale half-moon-shaped region at every nail root

28

cuticle

narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root

29

nail root

fastens the nail to the finger or toe by fitting into a groove in the skin

30

dermatologist

is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating skin disorders

31

plastic surgeon

physician who specializes in the surgical restoration and reconstruction of body structures.

32

acne vulgaris

acne / chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by an overproduction of sebum

33

comedo

non-infected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle

34

sebaceous cyst

a closed sac associated with a sebaceous gland that is found just under the skin

35

seborrhea

over activity of the sebaceous glands

36

seborrheic dermatitis

inflammation sometimes resulting from seborrhea that causes scaling and itching of the upper layers of the skin or scalp

37

seborrheic keratosis

benign skin growth that has a waxy or pasted-on look

38

anhidrosis

the abnormal condition of lacking sweat in response to heat

39

Diaphoresis

profuse sweating

40

heat rash

intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells

41

hyperhidrosis

is a condition of excessive sweating in one area or over the whole body

42

sleep hyperhidrosis

night sweat

43

folliculitis

inflammation of the hair follicles

44

trichomycosis axillaris

superficial bacterial infection of the hair shafts in areas with extensive sweat glands, such as the armpits

45

trich/o

means hair

46

myc

fungus

47

osis

abnormal condition

48

hirsutism

is the presence of excessive body and facial hair in women

49

alopecia

also known as baldness, is the partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp

50

alopecia areata

autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles, causing well defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere on the body

51

alopecia totalis

uncommon condition characterized by the loss of all the hair on the scalp


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