Medical terminology - integumentary system

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created 1 year ago by Loreng
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updated 1 year ago by Loreng
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1

Aden/o

Gland

2

Adip/o

Fat

3

Cutane/o

Skin

4

Derm/o

Skin

5

Hidr/o

Sweat

6

Kerat/o

Keratin, hard, hornlike

7

Lip/o

Fat

8

Melan/o

Melanin, black

9

Onych/o

Nail

10

Py/o

Pus

11

Seb/o

Sebum, oil

12

Trich/o

Hair

13

Ungu/o

Nail

14

Carcin/o

Cancer

15

Chem/o

Chemical

16

Cry/o

Cold

17

Erythr/o

Red

18

Ichthy/o

Scaly

19

Leuk/o

White

20

Myc/o

Fungus

21

Necr/o

Death

22

Scler/o

Hard

23

Xanth/o

Yellow

24

Xer/o

Dry

25

Abrasion

Skin injury that scrapes away the surface of the skin

26

Abscess

Infection by pyogenic bacteria resulting in localized collection of pus

27

Alopecia

Baldness

28

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

Skin cancer in basal cell layer of the epidermis

** most common cancer**

etiology: sun exposure

29

Biopsy

Surgical procedure to remove a piece of tissue by needle, knife, punch, or brush to examine under a microscope in order to make a diagnosis

30

Boil

Bacterial infection of a hair follicle

AKA: furnucle

31

Burn classifications

1st degree: mild burn that damages epidermis layer only. Characterized by erythema but no blisters with no scarring

2nd degree: burn damage that extends through the epidermis and into the dermis causing blisters and scarring to occur

3rd degree: burn damage to the full thickness of skin and into the underlying tissues. Infection and fluid loss are major concerns. Scarring will occur resulting in the need for skin grafts to cover burn areas

32

Cauterization

Intentional destruction of tissue by a caustic chemical, electric current, laser, or freezer

33

Cellulitis

Inflammation of connective tissue cells of skin

34

Chemabrasion

Removal of superficial layers of skin using chemicals

AKA: chemical peel

35

Contusion

Blunt trauma to skin that results in bruising

36

Cryosurgery

Using extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue

37

Culture and sensitivity (C&S)

Laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from infected area in order to identify the specific type of bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics

38

Cyst

Fluid-filled sac under the skin

39

Debridement

Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound

40

Decubitus ulcer (pressure ulcer)

Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences obstructing blood flow

etiology: bedridden patents who lie in one position too long

most commonly found on elbows, heels, wrists, gluteal region

41

Dermabrasion

Scraping of skin with rotating wire brushes or sandpaper

** used to remove acne scars **

42

Dermatome

Instrument that cuts out a small section of skin or a thin slice of skin to be used for a graft

43

Ecchymosis

"Black and blue" skin bruise caused by blood collecting under the skin after trauma

44

Erythema

Redness of the skin

45

Fissure

Crack like break in the skin

46

Gangrene

Tissue necrosis caused by loss of blood supply

47

Herpes simplex

Infection by herpes simplex virus

** causes painful blisters around the lips and nose**

AKA: fever blisters

48

Impetigo

Inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture and become crusted

49

Laceration

Jagged-edged skin wound caused by tearing of the skin

** does not mean a skin cut**

50

Laser surgery

Removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam

51

Lesion

General term that indicates the presence of some type of tissue abnormality

52

Macule

Flat, discolored spot on the skin surface

ex: freckle or birthmark

53

Malignant melonoma

Aggressive form of skin cancer that originates in a melanocyte

** usually metastasizes **

54

Necrosis

Tissue death

55

Nexus

Pigmented skin blemish, birthmark, or mole

56

Nodule

Solid, raised clump of skin cells

57

Onychia

Inflamed nail bed

58

Papule

Small, solid, raised lesion on surface of the skin

59

Pruritus

Severe itching

60

Psoriasis

Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders

61

Purpura

Purplish-red bruises usually occurring on people with thin, easily damaged skin

62

Pustule

Raised spot on the skin containing pus

63

Skin graft

Transfer of the skin from a normal area to cover another site

64

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

Skin cancer that begins in the epidermis but may grow into deeper tissue but does not generally metastasize to other areas of the body

65

Tinea

Fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions

66

Ulcer

Open sore disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions

67

Urticaria

Skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching

etiology: food allergy, stress or drug reactions

68

Varicella

Viral infection with skin rash

AKA: chickenpox

69

Vesicle

Small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin

70

Wheal

Small, round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching

** usually seen in allergic reactions**


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