A&P Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues

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Mastering A&P Human Anatomy & Physiology 10th Edition Marieb
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1

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.-[.

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2

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

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3

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

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4

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

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5

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

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6
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Which of the following substances is NOT a component of the osteoid material secreted by the cells indicated by the arrow in panel A?

calcium

7
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The illustrated bone-forming process would be associated with which of the following bones?

parietal

8
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During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter A?

expansion of the cartilage matrix

9
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During bone growth, which significant event occurs at the surface indicated by the letter C?

appositional growth

10

Hematopoiesis is a term for which of the following physiological processes?

blood cell formation

11

Which of the following hormones is currently thought to decrease plasma calcium levels in pregnant women and children?

calcitonin

12

PTH promotes the formation of which hormone?

calcitriol

13

Which of the following would NOT be a way that parathyroid hormone (PTH) could alter plasma calcium levels? (Which one of the following is FALSE?)

increase osteoblasts on bone

14

Which hormone works directly in the intestine to increase plasma calcium levels?

calcitriol

15

Which of the following refers to a bone disorder found most often in the aged and resulting in the bones becoming porous and light?

osteoporosis

16

When chondrocytes in lacunae divide and form new matrix, it leads to an expansion of the cartilage tissue from within. This process is called ________.

interstitial growth

17

Which type of cartilage covers and protects the ends of bones at freely moveable joints?

hyaline cartilage

18

Cartilage grows in two ways, appositional and interstitial. What is appositional growth?

the secretion of new matrix against the external face of existing cartilage

19

Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth?

Chondrocytes in the lacunae divide and secrete matrix, allowing the cartilage to grow from within.

20

Choose the FALSE statement.

Long bones include all limb bones except the patella.

21

The main role of the appendicular skeleton is to protect and support vital organs.

False

22

The periosteum is a tissue that serves only to protect the bone because it is not supplied with nerves or blood vessels.

False

23

The term osteoid refers to the organic part of the matrix of compact bones.

True

24
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Which of the following bones are formed by the illustrated process?

humerus
femur
vertebrae

All of the listed responses are correct.

25

What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo?

hyaline cartilage

26
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The arrow in the figure is pointing to which of the following structures?

the epiphyseal plate

27

Each consecutive bone lamella has collagen fibers that wrap in alternating directions.

True

28

Bones are classified by whether they are weight bearing or protective in function.

False

29

Ossification of the ends of long bones ________.

is produced by secondary ossification centers

30
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The structure indicated by the arrow is composed primarily of what material?

hyaline cartilage

31

Cartilage has a flexible matrix that can accommodate mitosis of chondrocytes.

True

32

Which of the following is stored in bones?

phosphate

33

Hyaline cartilage ________.

is found on the ends of bones that form movable joints

34

The structural unit of compact bone (osteon) resembles the growth rings of a tree trunk.

True

35

What indicates that a long bone has reached its adult length?

closure of the epiphyseal plate

36

Osteoclasts ________.

break down bone

37
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In which of the labeled parts of the adult long bone would hematopoietic tissue be located?

B

38

The canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of ________.

blood vessels and nerve fibers

39

Sixty-five percent of the mass of bone is a compound called hydroxyapatite.

True

40

A fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the ________.

diaphysis

41

The notable hardness of bone is attributed to ________.

the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites

42

The axial skeleton includes the ________.

ribs

43
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Which of the following is the major component of the part of the bone labeled E?

adipose tissue

44

Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?

communication

45

The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called ________.

perforating (Sharpey's) fibers

46
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The above figure depicts which of the following bone-forming processes?

intramembranous ossification during embryonic development

47

The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the ________.

osteoblast

48

The structure of bone tissue suits the function. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?

compact bone

49

The notable hardness of bone is attributed to ________.

the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites

50

Cartilage has a flexible matrix that can accommodate mitosis of chondrocytes.

True

51

What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo?

hyaline cartilage

52

Use the figure to match the following descriptions.
Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

card image
53
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The arrow in the figure is pointing to which of the following structures?

the epiphyseal plate

54

The structure of bone tissue suits the function. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?

compact bone

55

Yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of ________.

fat

56
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The structure indicated by the arrow is composed primarily of what material?

hyaline cartilage

57
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Which of the following bones are formed by the illustrated process?

femur
vertebrae
humerus

All of the listed responses are correct.

58

Bones do NOT have a role in ________.

glycogen production

59

Ossification of the ends of long bones ________.

is produced by secondary ossification centers

60
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The structures in the figure collectively form a structural unit termed a(n) ______.

osteon

61

Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?

communication

62

Each consecutive bone lamella has collagen fibers that wrap in alternating directions.

True

63
card image

The above figure depicts which of the following bone-forming processes?

intramembranous ossification during embryonic development

64
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Osteocytes are connected to each other through which structure?

canaliculi

65

Choose the TRUE statement.

Endochondral ossification converts hyaline cartilage "bone" models into true bones (i.e., hyaline cartilage serves as a template for bone formation).

66
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A step in which bone-forming process is shown in the figure?

endochondral ossification

67

Which bone cells form bone?

osteoblasts

68
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The indicated osteocyte is located within layers of bony matrix termed ______.

lamellae

69

What tissue forms the model for endochondral ossification?

cartilage

70

The epiphyseal plate is ________.

where long bone lengthening occurs

71

What is the structural unit of compact bone?

osteon

72

Which of the following is a bone projection?

trochanter

73

The trabeculae of spongy bone are oriented toward lines of stress.

True


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