Chapter 7- Bones Of The Skull

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1

Frontal Bone

# 1

Forehead

2

Parietal Bone

# 2

Left and Right of the top of the skull

*Bulk of cranium

3

Temporal Bone

#2

sides of the skull

*Processes for ear canal, cheek bones

4

Occipital Bone

# 1

Back of the skull

*Opening for spinal cord, attachment of skull to neck

5

Ethmoid Bone

#1

Nasal passages, lots of processes

*Cribiform plate Cristi Galli

6

Sphenoid bone

# 1

Butterfly shaped

*Bottom of interior cranium and back of eye orbital

7

Sagittal Suture

#1 between parietal bones

8

Coronal Suture

#1

Frontal and parietal bones

9

Lamboidal Sutures

# 1 parietal and occipital bones

10

Squamous Sutures

#2 Temporal, Parietal, and sphenoid bones

11

Bones of the face: Nasal

#2 Rectangular bones forming bridge of nose

12

Bones of the face: Vomer

#1

Thin sheet of bone, perpendicular in skull separates left and right

*nasal septum

13

Bones of face: Lacrimal

#2

Fingernail sized bone, medial eye orbit, tear-duct

*Lacrimal fossa drains tears into nasal cavity

14

Bones of the face: Zygomatic

# 2

Cheekbone, zygomatic arc, inferior/lateral eye orbit

*Curved bone- appearance varies

15

Bones of the face: Palatine

# 2

L-shaped bone- forms posterior hard palate

* helps form part of nasal cavity

16

Bones of the face: Maxilla

# 2

Upper-jaw: Inferior, medial eye orbit

2 fused bones

*Sockets for teeth, many nerve openings

17

Bones of the face: Mandible

# 1

lower jaw, contains Mandibular condyle

*many nerve openings and muscle attachments

18

Bones of the face: Inferior Nasal Conchae

# 2

3 part spiral hook bones that form shape of nasal cavity. Part of the ethmoid

* lateral nasal cavity

19

Bones of the face: Auditory ossicles

# 3 on each side

Found in middle ear cavity, help control sound transmission

*Malleus, incus, and stapes


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