Cancel
© 2016 start-seeking.ru
card-image
camera

GSU Muscles of the hip and thigh

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: 0
created 1 year ago by Kelsey_Parker
285 views

updated 8 months ago by Kelsey_Parker

show more
1

A doctor tells a soccer player that he has "a pulled hamstring" muscle. This results from a tearing of the origination of a hamstring muscle from the ___________.

ischial tuberosity

2

If the femoral nerve is cut, which muscle compartment would be most affected?

anterior thigh

3

what is the deep tissue that invests the thigh?

fascia lata

4

What is the iliotibial tract?

which muscles attach here?

thickened portion of the fascia lata. attachment site for two muscles. --> gluteus maximus and tensor fascia latae

5

what are the four superficial gluteal region muscles and the deep lateral rotators?

gluteus maximus, gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, tensor fasciae lata

piriformis (is a deep lateral rotator)

superior and inferior gemelli

obturator internus

quadratus femoris

6

Origin, insertion, action and innervation of gluteus maximus?

card image

O posterior ilium, dorsal surface of sacrum and coccyx and sacrotuberous ligament

I gluteal tuberosity of the femur and iliotibial tract

A extend hip/thigh and lateral rotation of hip/thigh; steadies thigh and helps rise from sitting position

Inn inferior gluteal nerve (L5, S1, S2)

7

O I A INN of gluteus medius?

card image

O outer surface and crest of ilium between anterior and posterior gluteal lines

I lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur

A abduct hip/thigh. anterior portions medially rotate hip joint. keep pelvis level when opposite limb is elevated.

INN superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

8

O I A INN of gluteus minimus?

card image

O outer surface and crest of ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines

I anterior surface of greater trochanter of femur

A abduct hip/thigh. anterior portions medially rotate hip joint. keep pelvis level when opposite limb is elevated. INN superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

9

________ innervates all superficial gluteal muscles except _____ which is innervated by ________

card image

superior gluteal nerve, gluteus maximus, inferior gluteal nerve

10

The contraction of which two muscles prevents excessive pelvic tilt?

card image

gluteus medius and gluteus minimus

11

Which nerve may be damaged if someone display excessive pelvic tilt while walking?

superior gluteal nerve

12

If the right superior gluteal nerve is damaged, the pelvic drop will be toward which side of the body?

card image

left side of the body

13

O I A INN of tensor fasciae latae?

card image

O anterior superior iliac spine; anterior part of iliac crest

I iliotibial tract which attaches to lateral condyle of tibia (Gerdy tubercle)

A flex hip, abduct hip. Stabilizes the extended knee joint

Inn superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

14

What action are the deep gluteal muscles responsible for?

lateral rotation also help stabilize the hip joint

15

What is the O I A INN of piriformis

card image

O anterior sacrum 2nd-4th sacral segments, superior margin of the greater sciatic notch, and sacrotuberous ligament

I superior border of the greater trochanter of the femur

A laterally rotate extended hip joint, abduct flexed hip joint, stabilize femoral head in acetabulum

INN branches of anterior rami of S1,S2

16

What are the two major anterior hip muscles?

psoas major and iliacus

17
card image

O I A INN of psoas major?

card image

O sides of T12-L5 vertebrae and discs between them. transverse processes of all lumbar vertebrae

I lesser trochanter of the femur

A acting conjointly with iliacus in flexing and stabilizing hip joint, psoas major is also a postural muscle that helps control deviation of the trunk and is active during standing

INN Anterior rami of lumbar nerves (L1, L2, L3)

18

which ligament spans pubic tubercle and anterior superior iliac spine?

card image

inguinal ligament

19

which is the largest nerve of the body and exits inferior to pirifomis?

card image

sciatic nerve

20

O I A INN of iliacus?

card image

O iliac fossa, iliac crest, ala of sacrum, and anterior sacro-iliac ligaments

I tendon of psoas major, lesser trochanter, and femur distal to lesser trochanter

A acting conjointly with psoas major in flexing and stabilizing hip joint.

INN femoral n (L2, L3)

21

what are the anterior thigh muscles?

card image

sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius

22

vastus medialis O I A INN

card image

intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera

Via common tendinous (quadriceps tendon) and independent attachments to the base of the patella; indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity. attaches to tibia and patella via aponeurosis (medial and lateral patellar retinacula)

extend leg

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

23

O I A INN of sartorius?

anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of notch inferior to it

medial surface of proximal tibia

flexes, abducts and laterally rotates hip joint. flexes knee joint.

femoral n (L2, L3)

24

all anterior thigh muscles are innervated by which nerve?

card image

femoral nerve

25
card image

rectus femoris O I A IN

card image

anterior inferior iliac spine and ilium superior to acetabulum

Via common tendinous (quadriceps tendon) and independent attachments to the base of the patella; indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.

extends knee joint; rectus femoris also stabilizes hip joint and helps iliopsoas flex hip joint

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

26
card image

O I A INN of quadratus femoris

O lateral border of ischial tuberosity

I quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of femur and area inferior to it

A laterally rotates hip joint; also pulls femoral head into acetabulum to stabilize hip joint/pelvis

Inn nerve to quadratus femoris L5 S1

27
card image

vastus medialis O I A INN

intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera

Via common tendinous (quadriceps tendon) and independent attachments to the base of the patella; indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity. attaches to tibia and patella via aponeurosis (medial and lateral patellar retinacula)

extend leg

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

28

vastus intermedius O I A INN

card image

anterior and lateral surfaces of shaft of fermur

Via common tendinous (quadriceps tendon) and independent attachments to the base of the patella; indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.

extend leg

femoral nerve (L2,L3,L4)

29

what is the main action of the medial thigh muscles?

adductors

30

the majority of medial thigh muscles are innervated by which nerve? What are the exceptions?

card image

obturator;

pectinius is innervated by both femoral and obturator

the hamstring part of adductor magnus is innervated by tibial division of sciatic n (L4)

31

what are the medial thigh muscles?

card image

gracilis, pectinius, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus

32

O I A INN of gracilis

card image

body and inferior ramus of pubis

medial surface of proximal tibia

adduct hip, flex knee and helps rotate knee medially

obturator n (L2, L3)

33

O I A INN of pectinius

card image

O superior ramus of pubis

I pectineal line of femur, just inferior to lesser trochanter

A adduct hip, flex hip. (assists with medial rotation of hip joint.)

INN femoral (L2, L3) and may receive branch from obturator nerve

34
card image

O I A INN of adductor longus

card image

O body of pubis inferior to pubic crest

I middle third of linea aspera of femur

A adduct hip

INN obturator n (L2, L3, L4)

35

O I A INN of adductor brevis?

card image

O body and inferior ramus of pubic bone

I pectineal line and proximal part of linea aspera of femur

A adduct hip and to some extent flexes hip

INN obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)

36

O I A INN of adductor magnus?

card image

O adductor part: inferior ramus of pubis, and ramus of ischium

hamstring part: ischial tuberosity

I adductor part: gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, and medial supracondylar line

hamstring part: adductor tubercle of femur

A adduct hip. Adductor part also flexes hip joint and hamstring part extends it.

INN adductor part: obturator n (L2, L3, L4)

hamstring part: tibial division of sciatic n (L4)

37

What are the posterior thigh muscles?

card image

biceps femoris (long head and short head)

semitendinosis

semimembanosus

38

What nerve innervates the majority of posterior thigh muscles? what is the exception?

card image

tibial division of sciatic nerve (L4-S3). the short head of biceps femoris is innervated by the common fibular nerve (L4-S2)

39

what is the deepest and largest medial thigh muscle?

adductor magnus

40
card image

O I A INN of biceps femoris, long head

card image

O ischial tuberosity

I lateral side of head of fibula; tendon is split at this site by fibular collateral ligament of the knee

A flexes knee joint and rotates it laterally when knee is flexed; extends hip joint (like when starting to walk)

INN tibial division of the sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

41

O I A INN of PECtinius

card image

O superior ramus of pubis

I pectineal line of femur, just inferior to lesser trochanter

A adduct hip, flex hip. (assists with medial rotation of hip joint.)

INN femoral (L2, L3) and may receive branch from obturator nerve

42

O I A INN of semitendinosis

card image

O ischial tuberosity

I medial surface of proximal tibia

A extend hip, flex knee, and rotate leg medially when knee is flexed. when hip and knee are flexed, can extended trunk.

INN tibial division of sciatic n (L5, S1, S2)

43

O I A INN of semimembranosis

card image

O iscial tuberosity

I posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia

A extend hip, flex knee, and rotate leg medially when knee is flexed. when hip and knee are flexed, can extended trunk.

INN tibial division of sciatic n ( L5, S1, S2)

44

Spinal cord levels of inferior gluteal nerve?

L5, S1, S2

45
card image

O I A INN of obturator internus

card image

O pelvic surface of ilium and ischium; obturator membrane

I medial surface of greater trochanter (trochanteric fossa) of femur

A laterally rotate extended hip joint, abduct flexed hip joint, steady femoral head in acetabulum

Inn nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1)

46

O I A INN of inferior and superior gemelli

card image

O superior: ischial spine

inferior: ischial tuberosity

I medial surface of greater trochanter (trochanteric fossa) of femur

A laterally rotate extended hip joint, abduct flexed hip joint, steady femoral head in acetabulum

Inn superior: nerve to obturator internus L5, S1

inferior: nerve to quadratus femoris L5, S1

47
card image

O I A INN of quadratus femoris

O lateral border of ischial tuberosity

I quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of femur and area inferior to it

A laterally rotates hip joint; also pulls femoral head into acetabulum to stabilize hip joint/pelvis

Inn nerve to quadratus femoris L5 S1

48

what are the quadriceps femoris muscles?

rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius

49
card image

O I A INN of obturator externus

O margins of obturator foramen and obturator membrane

I trochanteric fossa of femur

A laterally rotates hip joint, pulls head of femur into acetabulum holding pelvis steady; adduction

Inn obturator nerve (L3, L4)

50

what structures pass through adductor hiatus

card image

femoral artery and vein from the anterior compartment of the thigh to the popliteal fossa posterior to the knee

51

what are the borders of the adductor hiatus?

distal aponeurotic attachment of the adductor part of the adductor magnus and tendon of hamstring part.


Related pages


hesi pharmacology examhesi question bankabnormal urine phvaginal orficeinvoluntary shiveringfemur lateral epicondylewhat does the epidermis containtelomerase is needed topulmonary veins locationwhat sexual processes in fungi generate genetic variationsentence using assiduousproducts of light reactions of photosynthesiswhat is phenazopyridine hcl used forthe swim bladder of ray-finned fishescox nsaidmuscle tissue quizletall the nfl teams nameswhat are the layers of the dermiselectromagnetic spectrum photosynthesischapter 7 cash and receivablesdogfish shark classificationwhat does a chromosome consist ofthe lactose operon is likely to be transcribed whenwhat is the end result of mitosis and meiosishipps codeinduced active immunityjager and peppermint schnappssoleus attachmentsthe plasma membrane has a double layer of phospholipids withwhat are the first 20 elements in the periodic tabledifferentiation definition marketingincidence of choleradominant and recessive phenotypeswhat is the difference between autocrines and paracrinesventilator questionsskeletal muscle cells are multinucleateddiscovering psychology bookin the alternation of generations found in plantsnorman 3x butlerquantity theory of inflationwhat is the first branch of the aortic archkidneys pass waste products through the ureters to the __________cellular respiration is called an aerobic process because it requiresthick skin epidermiswhat hormones are produced by the adrenal cortexverbs cardswhat is zoology definitionpositive inotropic drugs listwhat is codon and anticodonfluid and electrolytes practice testlxxxv roman numeralstrochlear nerve definitiondefine inducerdna is composed of building blocks called _____medical terminology lymphatic systemvirus viroids and prionsanthophyta life cyclephysioex 9.0 exercise 9 activity 5local muscular endurance testsnitrogenous base pairsdeep fibular nervepicture of simple cuboidal epitheliumnumbers in portuguese 1-10name the product of the process known as chemiosmosisoligopoly long run economic profitjones v star credit corpap biology pretestdetermine the point estimate of the population proportionpolycythemia hematocritphysical and chemical methods of sterilization