Cancel
© 2016 start-seeking.ru
card-image

Organ Systems

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: 0
created 1 year ago by Tamie24
11 views
show more
1

Atom

Smallest unit of matter. Example carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

2

Molecule

particles composed of at least two atoms. example CO2, H2O, NaCl

3

Macromolecule/Compound

large complex molecules. Example, protein, lipid, carbohydrates, DNA

4

Organelles

Structures in a cell that carry out individual functions. E.g. nucleus, ribosome, mitochondria

5

Cells

smallest unit of life. E.g. erythrocyte, (red blood cell), osteoblast, neuron

6

Tissue

Group of cells that form a specific function. E.g. epithelium, muscle, nerve

7

Organ

Structure composed of two or more tissue types. E.g. heart, lung, brain, stomach

8

Organ system

Groups of organs with a unique collective function. E.g. integumentary, nervous, circulatory

9

Organism

Individual, animal, plant or single cell, life form. E.g. human, cat, bacteria

10

Integumentary system Principal organs:

skin & sweat glands

11

Integumentary system function:

-Protection

-Water retention

-thermoregulation

- vitamin D synthesis

-cutaneous sensation

12

Skeletal system principal organs

- Bones

- Cartilage

- Tendons

- Ligaments

13

Skeletal System Functions

- Support

- movement along with muscles

- protection of viscera

- blood formation

- mineral storage

14

Muscular system principal organs

skeletal muscle

15

Muscular system function

- movement along with bones

- stability

-control of body openings

-heat production

16

Nervous system

Brain, spinal cord, nerves

17

Nervous system function

- coordination of body function

- coordination of movement

- internal communication

- sensation

18

Endocrine system principal organs

- pituitary

- thymus

- thyroid

-adrenals

- pancreas

19

Endocrine system function

- hormone production - chemical messengers thought the body

- control of metabolism

- internal chemical communication

20

Circulatory System principal organs

- heart

- blood vessels

- blood

21

circulatory system function

- distribution of nutrients, oxygen, hormones, electrolytes, immune cells and antibodies.

-elimination of waste products

-fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance

22

Lymphatic and Immune Systems Principal organs

Lymph nodes

Lymph vessels

Thymus

Spleen

23

Lymphatic and Immune Systems Function

- Recovery of excess tissue fluid

-detection of pathogens

- production of immune cells and antibodies

- defense against disease

24

Respiratory System Principal organs

- Lungs

- Nose

- Pharynx

- Larynx

- Trachea

- Bronchi

25

Respiratory System Function

- absorption of oxygen

- discharge of carbon dioxide

- acid-base balance

- speech

26

Urinary System Principal Organs

- Kidneys

- bladder

- ureters

- Urethra

27

Urinary System Function

- elimination of waste

- regulation of blood volume and pressure

- fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance

28

Digestive System Principal Organs

- Mouth

- Esophagus

- Stomach

- Intestines

- Liver

- Gallbladder

- PancreasD

29

Digestive system function

- nutrient breakdown and absorption

- elimination of waste

- metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins and minerals

-synthesis of plasma proteins

- detoxication

30

Male Reproductive System Principal Organs

- Testes

- Spermatic ducts

- accessory glands

- penis

31

Male Reproductive System Function

- Sperm production

- Secretion of sex hormone

32

Female Reproductive System Principal Organs

- Ovaries

- Fallopian tubes

- uterus

- vagina

- mammary glands

33

Female Reproduction System Function

- egg production

- fertilization and fetal development

- birth

- lactation

- secretion of sex hormones


Related pages


kenilworth round tablean aponeurosis isanatomy of the blood vessels exercise 32why is mcculloch v maryland importantoccipital orbitarm of a microscope definitioncod ghost gunspolyatomic ion flash cardsmasterson v sineolfactory discriminationa&p chapter 13axillary spacevein for blood drawectoderm formsmuscle group that extends the kneebrunners med surg bookwhat type of symmetry do cnidarians haveportal system hypothalamuspertaining to sugar in the bloodcells found in epithelium that secrete mucus are calledwhere does erythropoiesis occurthe generic types of competitive strategies includeorgans protected by pelvic girdledecimal reduction timevtne flashcardsquizlet anatomy and physiologydefine diastoleplatinol-aqside effects of antispasmodicsdraw the structure of ethyl propanoatenasal cavities functionexplain why the lymphatic system is a one way systemap biology eighth edition campbell reecefunction of the primary somatosensory cortexwhere does translation take place in a eukaryotic cellapush termslower appendicular skeletonsuperior and middle nasal conchae formed from its projectionsinnervation of gluteal musclesanatomical homologiesoxygen debt and muscle fatiguesolute moleculedestroys bacteria and tumor cellshardest vocabulary wordsmitosis flashcardshow many protons neutrons and electrons does tin havecatalase and oxidase testmorphology of irreversible cell injurythe monetary policies employed by the fed are eitherwhat is class boundaries in statisticsvitamin b digestionplasma membrane prokaryotic or eukaryoticthe two major types of cell layering in epithelia aremedical term for windpipeosseous tissuedigestive system flashcardshesi vocabulary practicesynarthrotic joints ________large intestine diameterstratified epithelial tissue structuremineralocorticoid is to aldosterone as glucocorticoid is topredator satiationdefinition of upper epidermisthe female gamete is calledmajor systemic veinsspecific heat capacity methaneanatomy and physiology endocrine system study guidestriated muscle cell functionwhich of the following is a stage of mitosisfunction of crystal violet in gram stainingdigestive system easy notecardsthe pelvic organs are mostly found within thewhich of the following build s new strands of dnafundamental nursing exam questionsmuscle cells in oxygen deprivation convert pyruvate tolocation of major arteries and veins in the brain