GSU Muscles of the Leg and Foot

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 1 year ago by Kelsey_Parker
191 views
updated 8 months ago by Kelsey_Parker
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Any tendon that crosses _________________ to either malleolus will atleast dorsiflex the foot

anterior

2

Any tendon that crosses posterior to either malleoulus wll at least ______ flex the foot

plantar

3

Any muscle that has the term ______ will at least invert the foot

tibialis

4

Any muscle that has the term fibularis will at least _____ the foot

evert

5

What fascia separates each compartment of leg muscles?

crural fascia

6

What are the compartments of the leg?

anterior, lateral, and posterior

7

What are the anterior leg muscles (in order of most suerpficial/medial to deepest/most lateral)

card image

Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, and fibularis tertius

8

O I A INN of tibialis anterior?

card image

O lateral condyle and superior 2/3 of lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane

I medial and inferior spaces of medial cuneiform and base of first metatarsal

A dorsiflex the foot; invert the foot. supports medial longitudinal arch of foot.

Inn deep fibular nerve (L4, L5)

9

Which nerve innervates all anterior leg muscles?

spinal cord levels?

card image

Deep fibular nerve (L4-S1)

10

O I A INN of extensor hallucis longus?

card image

O middle part of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

I Dorsal surface of base of distal phalanx of hallux

A dorsiflex foot; extend hallux

INN deep fibular nerve (L5, S1)

11

O I A INN of extensor digitorum longus?

card image

O lateral condyle of tibia and superior 2/3 of anterior surface of fibular and interosseous membrane

I middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits

A dorsiflex foot; extend digits 2-5

INN deep fibular nerve (L5, S1)

12
card image

O I A INN of fibularis tertius

card image

O Inferior third of of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

I dorsum of base of metatarsal 5

A dorsiflex foot; evert foot

INN deep fibular nerve (L5, S1)

13

What are the lateral muscles of the leg?

card image

fibularis longus and fibularis brevis

14

What are the lateral muscles of the leg innervated by?

spinal cord levels?

card image

superficial fibular nerve

L5-S2

15

What are the jobs of the lateral leg muscles?

card image

plantar flex and evert the foot

16

O I A INN of fibularis longus?

card image

O head and superior 2/3 of lateral surface of fibula

I Base of metatarsal 1 and medial cuneiform

A evert foot/plantar flex foot; supports transverse arch of foot.

INN superficial fibular nerve (L5, S1, S2)

17

O I A INN of fibularis brevis

card image

O middle part of lateral surface of fibula

I dorsal surface of tuberosity of base of metatarsal 5

A evert foot/plantar flex foot

INN superficial fibular nerve (L5, S1, S2)

18

What are the superficial posterior leg muscles?

card image

gastrocnemeus, soleus, and plantaris

19

What is the innervation of all superficial posterior leg muscles?

spinal cord levels

card image

tibial n (S1-S2)

20

O I A INN of gastrocnemeus?

card image

O lateral head: lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur

medial head: popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle

I posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

A plantar flexes ankle when knee is extended; raises heel during walking, and flexes knee joint.

INN tibial n (S1,S2)

21

What action do all posterior superficial leg muscles at least perform?

plantar flex the foot

22

O I A INN of soleus

card image

O posterior aspect of head of fibula, superior quarter of posterior surface of fibula, soleal line, and medial border of tibia

I calcaneal tuberosity via calcaneal tendon

A plantar flex foot. steadies leg on foot.

Inn tibial n (S1, S2)

23

O I A INN of plantaris?

card image

O inferior end of lateral supracondylar line of femur and oblique popliteal ligament.

I calcaneal tuberosity -- has its own tendon, does not use calcaneal tendon

A assists gastroc in plantarflexing foot. function is probably mainly proprioceptive

INN tibial n (s1, s2)

24

What are the deep posterior leg muscles?

card image

popliteus, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus

25

what innervates all deep posterior leg muscles?

spinal cord levels

tibial n

L4-S3

26

O I A INN of popliteus?

card image

O lateral femoral condyle and lateral meniscus

I Posterior tibia,superficial to soleal line

A weakly flexes knee and unlocks it by laterally rotating femur on fixed tibia, may also medially rotate tibia on unplanted limb

INN tibial nerve (L4, L5, S1)

27

What should Tom Dick ANd Harry prompt?

card image

tendon of Tibialis posterior, tendon of Digitorum longus, posterior tibial Artery, tibial Nerve, and tendon of flexor Hallucis longus

28

O I A INN of tibialis posterior?

card image

O Posterior surface of tibia inferior to soleal line, posterior surface of fibula, and interosseous membrane

I Tuberosity of Navicular, allcuneiforms, cuboid,metatarsals 2-4

A plantar flex foot and invert foot; supports medial longitudinal arch of foot

INN tibial n (L4, L5)

29

O I A INN of flexor hallucis longus

card image

O inferior two thirds of posterior surface of fibula and inferior part of interosseus membrane

I Base of the distalphalanx of hallux

A flex big toe and plantar flex foot; supports medial longitudinal arch of foot.

INN tibial n (s2, s3)

30

O I A INN of flexor digitorum longus

card image

O medial part of posterior surface of tibia inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to the fibula

I Base of distal phalanx of digits 2-5

A plantar flex foot and flex digits 2-5; supports longitudinal arches of foot

INN tibial n (s2, S3)

31

What are the muscles of the dorsum of the foot?

extensor hallucis brevis and extensor digitorum brevis

32

What nerve innervates the muscles of the dorsum of the foot?

deep fibular nerve

33

O I A INN of extensor hallucis brevis?

card image

O Superior surface of anterior calcaneus

I Base of proximal phalanx of hallux

A extend hallux

INN deep fibular nerve

34

O I A INN of extensor digitorum brevis?

card image

O Superior surface ofanterior calcaneous

I Extensor digitorum longus tendon of digits 2-4

A extend digits 2-4

I Deep fibular nerve (L4-S1)

35

What are the superficial muscles of the plantar surface of the foot?

abductor hallucis

flexor digitorum brevis

abudctor digiti minimi

36

O I A INN of abductor hallucis?

card image

O medial tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus, flexor retinaculum, and plantar aponeurosis

I Medial side of proximal phalanx of hallux

A abduct hallux and flexes hallux

INN medial plantar nerve (s2, S3)

37

O I A INN of flexor digitorum brevis?

card image

medial tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, and intermuscular septa

Sides of middle phalanges digits 2-5

flex digits 2-5

medial plantar nerve (s2,S3)

38
card image

O I A INN of abductor digiti minimi?

card image

plantar aponeurosis, intermuscular septa, and medial and lateral tubercles of tuberosity of calcaneus

Lateral side of proximalphalanx of digit 5

abduct digit 5

lateral plantar nerve

39

in general, a muscle that passes anterior to the hip joint will

flex the hip

40

in general, a muscle that passes posterior to the hip joint will

extend the hip

41

in general, a muscle that passes medial to the hip joint will

adduct the hip

42

in general, a muscle that passes lateral to the hip joint will

abduct the hip

43

in general, a muscle that passes anterior to the knee joint will

extend the leg

44

in general, a muscle that passes posterior the the knee joint will

flex the leg

45
card image

O I A INN of quadratus plantae?

card image

O medial surface of lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus

I posterlateral margin of tendon of flexor digitorum longus

A assists flexor digitorum longus in flexing lateral four digits

INN lateral plantar nerve (S2, S3)

46
card image

O I A INN of lumbrical muscles

card image

O tendons of flexor digitorum longus

I medial aspect of expansion over lateral four digits

A flex proximal phalanges, extend middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits

INN medial one: medial plantar nerve S2, S3

lateral three: lateral plantar nerve (S2,S3)

47
card image

O I A INN of flexor hallucis brevis

card image

O plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform

I both sides of proximal phalanx of first digit

A flexes proximal phalanx of hallux

INN medial plantar nerve (S2, S3)

48
card image

O I A INN of adductor hallucis

card image

O oblique head: bases of metatarsals 2-4

transverse head: plantar ligaments of 3rd - 5th metatarsalphalangeal joints

I tendons of both heads attach to lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of first digit

A adducts first digit; assists in maintaining transverse arch of foot.

Inn deep branch of lateral plantar nerve ( S2, S3)

49
card image

O I A INN of flexor digiti minimi brevis

O base of 5th metatarsal

I base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit

A flexes proximal phalanx of 5th digit thereby assisting with its flexion

Inn superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (S2, S3)

50
card image

O I A INN of dorsal interosseous muscles (four muscles)

O adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5

I first: medial side of proximal phalanx of second digit

second - fourth: lateral sides of 2nd-4th digit

A abduct digits 2-4 and flex metatarsophalangeal joints

Inn lateral plantar nerve (S2, S3)

51
card image

O I A INN of plantar interossei mm (three muscles)

O bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3-5

I medials sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd - 5th digits

A adduct digits 3-5 and flex metatarsaphalangeal joints

Inn lateral plantar nerve (S2, S3)


Related pages


muscle exertiontop 20 elements of the periodic tablewobble hypothesis trnalongest vein in lower limbgeometry vocabulary wordsfiltrate and urinewhat kind of electromagnetic radiation has the shortest wavelengththe pulmonary semilunar valve is the valvemeyers ap psychologypositive phototropismtundra energy pyramidpupillary light reflexesthe entner-doudoroff pathwaywhich statement about vitamins is truephysiology of balance earwhat vessels bring blood to the left atriumadrenal medulla secretesthe thymus gland secretes hormones calledbook on human anatomypontine nucleussex linked disorders listleonidas vs achillesvisionaries of indiaanatomy and physiology chapter 5immune system and lymphatic systemotpf 3rd editionanatomy and physiology easy notesanimal phyla chartrice water stools are characteristic offast oxidative muscle fibersnonpathogenic vibrio cholerae can acquire the cholera toxin gene bypressure flow model of phloem transportamendment 11-27autonomic nervous system neurotransmittersadrenal medulla releaseswhat organ system is the trachea inthree muscles used for intramuscular injectionspositive odd integersdna parts labelingwhat stimulates red blood cell productionallele combinationslargest endocrine glandbuildup of electric chargeslacrimal apparatus of the eyecovers the glottis during swallowing of foodarmpit veinpsychology 101 flashcardsinoculating instrumentsdefinition of chordae tendineaeulnar nerve cutabiotic factors in tropical dry forestearthworm segmentationalfred chandler structure follows strategybd galactopyranoserelationship between atom and moleculesuperficial vein that drains the lateral aspect of the armdifference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes dna replicationproducers in a terrestrial ecosystemunder acid hydrolysis conditions starch is converted tofrontal attack marketinglayers of eyeballwww titanicfactsanimal cell lysosomemeiosis microscopehuman anatomy bookcancer quizletthe human x and y chromosomesinadequate secretion of adhcentral artery spleenvalves and chambers of the heartprintable numbers 1-100joint between axial skeleton and pelvic girdletropical rainforest abiotic factors listconnective tissue wrappings of skeletal muscletherapeutic cloning stepsmastering biology chapter 1 answerswhere are the lymphatic capillaries and vessels located