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Embalming 1.3 Terms

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created 1 year ago by Olivia_Hartzler
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updated 1 year ago by Olivia_Hartzler

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1

Actual pressure

That pressure which is indicated by the injector gauge needle when the arterial tube is open and the arterial solution is flowing into the body.

2

Aneurysm hook

An embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels.

3

Aneurysm needle

An embalming instrument used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.

4

Angular spring forceps (Angular vein forceps/Drainage forceps)

Multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process; used to grasp clots and pull them from the vein.

5

Arterial fixation forceps (Arterial hemostat)

An instrument used to hold the arterial tube in place after it has been inserted into the artery

6

Arterial tube (Cannula)

Instrument used to inject embalming fluid into the vascular system.

7

Artery scissors (Arterial scissors)

Scissors with a small, blunt tip useful for incising vessels

8

Autoclave

Apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure.

9

Backflow

The unwanted reverse flow of liquids in a piping system.

10

Bistoury knive

A one-piece instrument used for making incisions, opening arteries/veins; also used for excision of tissues.

11

Bulb syringe

Self-contained, soft rubber manual pump designed to create pressure to deliver fluid as it passes through one-way valves located within the bulb. It is used only to deliver fluids; it cannot be used for aspiration.

12

Calvarium clamp

A device used as a means of fastening the calvarium after a cranial autopsy.

13

Cavity injector (Cavity fluid injector)

A device connected to a bottle of cavity fluid that is used to deliver the fluid into the body cavities

14

Centrifugal pump

Embalming machine that uses an electrical pump to create pressure; either pulsating or non-pulsating types.

15

Coverall

Plastic garment designed to cover the body from chest down to the upper thigh.

16

Differential pressure

The difference between potential and actual pressure.

17

Drain tube

Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger, that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming fluid.

18

Drainage

Discharge or withdrawal of blood, interstitial fluid, and embalming fluids from the body during vascular embalming. Usually removed through a vein of the body.

19

Dressing table

A piece of embalming equipment that is a table designed for the dressing and cosmetizing of a dead human body.

20

Electric aspirator

A device that uses a motor to create suction for the purpose of aspiration.

21

Electric spatula (Tissue reducer/dryer)

An electrically-heated blade which may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue, and restore contour to natural form.

22

Eyecap

A thin plastic dome-shaped disk used to restore contour just beneath the eyelids; an aid in eye closure.

23

Gravity injector

Apparatus used to inject arterial fluid; relies on gravity to create the pressure required to deliver the fluid

24

Groove director

Instrument used to guide drainage tubes (or forceps) into veins.

25

Hand pump

Historical instrument resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create either pressure for injection or vacuum for aspiration.

26

Headrest

Piece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position during the embalming process.

27

Hemostat (Locking forceps)

A device used to clamp off vessels.

28

Hydroaspirator

Apparatus that utilizes a water supply to create suction and is used to aspirate the contents of the body's cavities.

29

Hypovalve trocar

An instrument used in conjunction with the embalming machine to hypodermically inject fluid into the body tissues; used as a supplemental treatment AFTER arterial injection is completed.

30

Injector needle

Wire with a sharp barb/tack that is injected into the maxilla and mandible; the wires are then tied together to achieve mouth closure.

31

Ligature passer (Thread passer)

An instrument that houses a spool of ligature in its base that is used to pass the ligature under vessels

32

Mouth former

A plastic feature-setting device placed in the mouth to add shape and contour to the integumentary lips/mucous membranes; generally used when there are no dentures available.

33

Nasal tube aspirator

Instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils.

34

Needle injector

A feature-setting device used for mouth closure designed to implant metal pins into bone (mainly used on the maxilla and mandible bones.)

35

Packing forceps

Embalming instrument used in filling the external orifices of the body with an absorbent material (e.g. cotton); aka Dressing forceps.

36

Pneumatic collar

An inflatable device used to reduce swelling in the neck.

37

Positioning device

Equipment used to position the body before, during, and after decedent care.

38

Potential pressure

The pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off (i.e. the rate of flow is CLOSED.)

39

Preparation room (Embalming room)

The area or facility wherein embalming, dressing, cosmetizing, or general decedent care is performed

40

Pressure

The action of a force against an opposing force (a force applied or acting against resistance). The force per unit area exerted on a material.

41

Rate of flow

Speed at which fluid is injected; measured in ounces per minute.

42

Retractor (Incision spreader)

An instrument that uses spring action to expand an incision to allow for better visibility; aka Incision spreader

43

Scalpel

A two-piece embalming instrument used to make incisions and excisions.

44

Separator (Bone separator)

Instrument used to keep vessels elevated above the incision

45

Serrated

Notched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps.

46

Spatula

A flat instrument used for the application and smoothing out of wax.

47

Spring forceps

An instrument used for grasping and holding tissues; the tips may be straight, curved, or angular (drainage).

48

Sterilization

Process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms.

49

Stopcock

A piece of equipment used to attach the delivery hose from the injection device to the arterial tube; used to maintain/stop the flow of fluid into the arterial tube.

50

Tissue gathering forceps (Gathering forceps)

An instrument with curved, sharp teeth used to hold sections of tissue in place for suturing (e.g. autopsy or organ procurement incisions.)

51

Trocar

Sharply-pointed aspirating instrument used in cavity embalming to remove gases, liquids, and semi-solids from the body cavities and hollow organs and inject cavity fluid.

52

Trocar button

A plastic threaded screw-like device for sealing punctures and trocar openings.

53

Unionall

Plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck to the feet.

54

Vacuum breaker

Apparatus that prevents the back-siphoning of contaminated liquids into potable water supply lines or plumbing cross-connections within the preparation room.

55

Water control unit

A complete water system containing a hydroaspirator and water supply for the embalming table and embalming machine.

56

Y-tube

An arterial tube (used mainly for autopsied cases) that allows the embalmer to embalm both legs or arms or sides of the head simultaneously.


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