Mostly Vertebrae and ribs

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1

Which vertabrae does not have a body?

C1

2

When consecutive vertebrae articulate, notches in their _________ create the intervertebral foramina.

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pedicles

3

A herniated disk occurs when _______.

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the annulus fibrosus ruptures and nucleus pulposis pushes its way out

4

Which structure of the sternum articulates with the appendicular skeleton?

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Clavicular notch

5

Typically, how many sacral vertebrae fuse to form the sacrum?

5

6

As a child, Jane had an lateral curvature of her spine and had to wear a brace. What type of abnormal curvature did Jane have?

Scoliosis

7

Which vertebrae are found in the neck region?

Cervical

8

What feature of general vertebrae project laterally from the neural arch and provide attachments for deep back muscles?

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Transverse Processes

9

This inferior portion of the sternum is a landmark for the anterior attachment of the diaphragm and the superior surface of the liver. It can also be broken off during CPR.

Xiphoid process

10

how many of each vertabrae are there?

7 cervical

12 thoracic

5 lumbar

5 sacral (fused)

4 coccygeal (fused)

11

what are the primary and secondary curvatures of the vertebral column?

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the primary are sacral and thoracic; secondary are cervical and lumbar

12

exaggerated posterior curvature of the thoracic region

kyphosis

13

exaggerated anterior curvature of the lumbar region

lordosis

14

lateral curvature of the lumbar or thoracic region

scoliosis

15

with what does the inferior articular process of a vertebrae form a joint with>

the superior articular process of the vertebrae just below it

16

what types of joints are between the vertebrae?

synovial plane joints

diarthrotic

they glide

17

between which vertebrae are intervertebral discs found?

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start at joint between c2 and c3. continue until L5 and S1 because after that they are fused

18

what is in the very center of the verterbral disc? and just superficial?

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nucleus pulposis; anulus fibrosiss

19

What are the distinguishing features of the cervical vertebrae?

small body; bifid spinous process; transverse foramen; triangular vertebral foramen;

20

distinguishing features of thoracic vertebrae?

medium sized bodies, two costal facets; long sharp inferior projecting spinous processes; circular vertebral foramen

21

distinguishing features of lumbar vertebrae

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massive bodies; short blunt spinous processes that project posterior; triangular vertebral foramen; thin and tapered transverse processes

22
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be able to label parts of vertebrae

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the arrow points to a transverse costal facet

23
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be able to label rib features

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24

how many true ribs are there and what is a true rib?

ribs 1-7 are true ribs and they attach directly to the sternum via their own costal cartilage

25

how many false ribs are there?

pairs 8-12 are false ribs

26

which ribs are floating ribs?

11-12

no attachment to sternum

27
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inferior articular facet & process

28
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29
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atlas (C1)

30
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31

which are the only vertebrae to have transverse foramina? what passes through there?

cervical vertebrae; vertebral arteries

32
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structure and green and which vertebrae

odontoid process (dens) and C2 (axis)

33
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identify

transverse foramen

34
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35

which ribs are considered irregular? why?

one and two are irregular because they are short, wide and flat

eleven and twelve are irregular because they are free floating and have no anterior attachments


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